2,112 research outputs found

    Insulator to Metal Transition Induced by Disorder in a Model for Manganites

    Full text link
    The physics of manganites appears to be dominated by phase competition among ferromagnetic metallic and charge-ordered antiferromagnetic insulating states. Previous investigations (Burgy {\it et al.}, Phys. Rev. Lett. {\bf 87}, 277202 (2001)) have shown that quenched disorder is important to smear the first-order transition between those competing states, and induce nanoscale inhomogeneities that produce the colossal magnetoresistance effect. Recent studies (Motome {\it et al.} Phys. Rev. Lett. {\bf 91}, 167204 (2003)) have provided further evidence that disorder is important in the manganite context, unveiling an unexpected insulator-to-metal transition triggered by disorder in a one-orbital model with cooperative phonons. In this paper, a qualitative explanation for this effect is presented. It is argued that the transition occurs for disorder in the form of local random energies. Acting over an insulating states made out of a checkerboard arrangement of charge, with ``effective'' site energies positive and negative, this form of disorder can produce lattice sites with an effective energy near zero, favorable for the transport of charge. This explanation is based on Monte Carlo simulations and the study of simplified toy models, measuring the density-of-states, cluster conductances using the Landauer formalism, and other observables. The applicability of these ideas to real manganites is discussed.Comment: 14 pages, 23 figures, submitted to Physical Review

    Dynamical Mean-Field Study of the Ferromagnetic Transition Temperature of a Two-Band Model for Colossal Magnetoresistance Materials

    Full text link
    The ferromagnetic (FM) transition temperature (Tc) of a two-band Double-Exchange (DE) model for colossal magnetoresistance (CMR) materials is studied using dynamical mean-field theory (DMFT), in wide ranges of coupling constants, hopping parameters, and carrier densities. The results are shown to be in excellent agreement with Monte Carlo simulations. When the bands overlap, the value of Tc is found to be much larger than in the one-band case, for all values of the chemical potential within the energy overlap interval. A nonzero interband hopping produces an additional substantial increase of Tc, showing the importance of these nondiagonal terms, and the concomitant use of multiband models, to boost up the critical temperatures in DE-based theories.Comment: 4 pages, 4 eps figure

    Surprises on the Way from 1D to 2D Quantum Magnets: the Novel Ladder Materials

    Full text link
    One way of making the transition between the quasi-long range order in a chain of S=1/2 spins coupled antiferromagnetically and the true long range order that occurs in a plane, is by assembling chains to make ladders of increasing width. Surprisingly this crossover between one and two dimensions is not at all smooth. Ladders with an even number of legs have purely short range magnetic order and a finite energy gap to all magnetic excitations. Predictions of this novel groundstate have now been verified experimentally. Holes doped into these ladders are predicted to pair, and possibly superconduct.Comment: Review Article, Science, TeX file, 18 pages, 6 figures available upon reques

    Fragility of the A-type AF and CE Phases of Manganites: An Exotic Insulator-to-Metal Transition Induced by Quenched Disorder

    Full text link
    Using Monte Carlo simulations and the two eg-orbital model for manganites, the stability of the CE and A-type antiferromagnetic insulating states is analyzed when quenched disorder in the superexchange JAF between the t2g localized spins and in the on-site energies is introduced. At vanishing or small values of the electron-(Jahn-Teller)phonon coupling, the previously hinted "fragility" of these insulating states is studied in detail, focusing on their charge transport properties. This fragility is here found to induce a rapid transition from the insulator to a (poor) metallic state upon the introduction of disorder. A possible qualitative explanation is presented based on the close proximity in energy of ferromagnetic metallic phases, and also on percolative ideas valid at large disorder strength. The scenario is compared with previously discussed insulator-to-metal transitions in other contexts. It is argued that the effect unveiled here has unique properties that may define a new class of giant effects in complex oxides. This particularly severe effect of disorder must be present in other materials as well, in cases involving phases that arise as a compromise between very different tendencies, as it occurs with striped states in the cuprates.Comment: 13 pages, 17 figures, RevTex 4, submitted for publicatio

    Novel Phase Between Band and Mott Insulators in Two Dimensions

    Full text link
    We investigate the ground state phase diagram of the half-filled repulsive Hubbard model in two dimensions in the presence of a staggered potential Δ\Delta, the so-called ionic Hubbard model, using cluster dynamical mean field theory. We find that for large Coulomb repulsion, UΔU\gg \Delta, the system is a Mott insulator (MI). For weak to intermediate values of Δ\Delta, on decreasing UU, the Mott gap closes at a critical value Uc1(Δ)U_{c1}(\Delta) beyond which a correlated insulating phase with possible bond order (BO) is found. Further, this phase undergoes a first-order transition to a band insulator (BI) at Uc2(Δ)U_{c2}(\Delta) with a finite charge gap at the transition. For large Δ\Delta, there is a direct first-order transition from a MI to a BI with a single metallic point at the phase boundary

    Phase Diagram of the Two-Leg Kondo Ladder

    Full text link
    The phase diagram of the two-leg Kondo ladder is investigated using computational techniques. Ferromagnetism is present, but only at small conduction electron densities and robust Kondo coupling JJ. For densities n0.4n\gtrsim0.4 and any Kondo coupling, a paramagnetic phase is found. We also observed spin dimerization at densities nn=1/4 and nn=1/2. The spin structure factor at small JJ peaks at q\vec{q}=(2n,0)π(2n,0)\pi for n0.5n\lesssim0.5, and at q\vec{q}=(n,1)π(n,1)\pi for n0.5n\gtrsim0.5. The charge structure factor suggests that electrons behave as free particles with spin-1/2 (spin-0) for small (large) JJ.Comment: 5 pages, 4 fig

    Origin of the multiferroic spiral spin-order in the RMnO3 perovskites

    Full text link
    The origin of the spiral spin-order in perovskite multiferroic manganites RRMnO3_{3} (RE=RE= Tb or Dy) is here investigated using a two ege_{\rm g}-orbitals double-exchange model. Our main result is that the experimentally observed spiral phase can be stabilized by introducing a relatively weak next-nearest-neighbor superexchange coupling (10\sim10% of the nearest-neighbor superexchange). Moreover, the Jahn-Teller lattice distortion is also shown to be essential to obtain a realistic spiral period. Supporting our conclusions, the generic phase diagram of undoped perovskite manganites is obtained using Monte Carlo simulations, showing phase transitions from the A-type antiferromagnet, to the spiral phase, and finally to the E-type antiferromagnet, with decreasing size of the RR ions. These results are qualitatively explained by the enhanced relative intensity of the superexchanges.Comment: 6 pages, 4 figure

    Effect of Jahn-Teller coupling on Curie temperature in the Double Exchange Model

    Full text link
    We consider the two-band double exchange model for manganites with Jahn-Teller (JT) coupling and explore the suppression of the ferromagnetism because of the JT distortion. The localized spins of the \emph{t}_{2g} electrons are represented in terms of the Schwinger bosons, and two spin-singlet Fermion operators are introduced instead of the ege_{g} electrons' operators. In terms of the new Fermi fields the on-site Hund's interaction is in a diagonal form and one accounts for it exactly. Integrating out the spin-singlet fermions, we derive an effective Heisenberg model for a vector which describes the local orientations of the total magnetization. The exchange constants are different for different space directions and depend on the density nn of \emph{e}_{g} electrons and JT energy. At zero temperature, with increasing the density of the \emph{e}_{g} electrons the system undergoes phase transition from ferromagnetic phase (0<n<nc)(0<n<n_c) to A-type antiferromagnetic phase (nc<n)(n_c<n). The critical value ncn_c decreases as JT energy is increased. At finite temperature we calculate the Curie temperature as a function of electron density for different JT energy. The results show that JT coupling strongly suppresses the spin fluctuations and decreases the Curie temperature.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figure

    Study of ARPES data and d-wave superconductivity using electronic models in two dimensions

    Full text link
    We review the results of an extensive investigation of photoemission spectral weight using electronic models for the high-Tc superconductors. Here we show that some recently reported unusual features of the cuprates namely the presence of (i) flat bands, (ii) small quasiparticle bandwidths, and (iii) antiferromagnetically induced weight, have all a natural explanation within the context of holes moving in the presence of robust antiferromagnetic correlations. Introducing interactions among the hole carriers, a model is constructed which has dx2y2{\rm d_{x^2 - y^2}} superconductivity, an optimal doping of 15%\sim 15\% (caused by the presence of a large density of states at the top of the valence band), and a critical temperature 100K\sim 100K.Comment: 11 pages Z-compressed postscript, to appear in the Proceedings to the Stanford Conference on Spectroscopies in Novel superconductor
    corecore