552 research outputs found

    Feshbach resonances in a quasi-2D atomic gas

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    Strongly confining an ultracold atomic gas in one direction to create a quasi-2D system alters the scattering properties of this gas. We investigate the effects of confinement on Feshbach scattering resonances and show that strong confinement results in a shift in the position of the Feshbach resonance as a function of the magnetic field. This shift, as well as the change of the width of the resonance, are computed. We find that the resonance is strongly damped in the thermal gas, but in the condensate the resonance remains sharp due to many-body effects. We introduce a 2D model system, suited for the study of resonant superfluidity, and having the same scattering properties as the tightly confined real system near a Feshbach resonance. Exact relations are derived between measurable quantities and the model parameters.Comment: 8 pages, 2 figure

    A general T-matrix approach applied to two-body and three-body problems in cold atomic gases

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    We propose a systematic T-matrix approach to solve few-body problems with s-wave contact interactions in ultracold atomic gases. The problem is generally reduced to a matrix equation expanded by a set of orthogonal molecular states, describing external center-of-mass motions of pairs of interacting particles; while each matrix element is guaranteed to be finite by a proper renormalization for internal relative motions. This approach is able to incorporate various scattering problems and the calculations of related physical quantities in a single framework, and also provides a physically transparent way to understand the mechanism of resonance scattering. For applications, we study two-body effective scattering in 2D-3D mixed dimensions, where the resonance position and width are determined with high precision from only a few number of matrix elements. We also study three fermions in a (rotating) harmonic trap, where exotic scattering properties in terms of mass ratios and angular momenta are uniquely identified in the framework of T-matrix.Comment: 14 pages, 4 figure

    Expansion of a Bose-Einstein Condensate in an atomic waveguide

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    The expansion of a Bose-Einstein condensate in an atomic waveguide is analyzed. We study different regimes of expansion, and identify a transient regime between one-dimensional and three-dimensional dynamics, in which the properties of the condensate and its further expansion can be well explained by reducing the transversal dynamics to a two-level system. The relevance of this regime in current experiments is discussed.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figs, Accepted for publication in Phys. Rev.

    Production of a Fermi gas of atoms in an optical lattice

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    We prepare a degenerate Fermi gas of potassium atoms by sympathetic cooling with rubidium atoms in a one-dimensional optical lattice. In a tight lattice we observe a change of the density of states of the system, which is a signature of quasi two dimensional confinement. We also find that the dipolar oscillations of the Fermi gas along the tight lattice are almost completely suppressed.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figures, revised versio

    Dimensional and Temperature Crossover in Trapped Bose Gases

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    We investigate the long-range phase coherence of homogeneous and trapped Bose gases as a function of the geometry of the trap, the temperature, and the mean-field interactions in the weakly interacting limit. We explicitly take into account the (quasi)condensate depletion due to quantum and thermal fluctuations, i.e., we include the effects of both phase and density fluctuations. In particular, we determine the phase diagram of the gas by calculating the off-diagonal one-particle density matrix and discuss the various crossovers that occur in this phase diagram and the feasibility of their experimental observation in trapped Bose gases.Comment: One figure added, typos corrected, refernces adde

    Using parallel computing in modeling and optimization of mineral reserves extraction systems

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    Annotation This article describes algorithm for solving ultimate pit limit problem (UPIT), or a maximum weight closure problem. There are several method for solving this problem. We provide new approach, for solving ultimate pit limit problem using precedence model. Block model of open pit can be easily represented as an oriented graph. Then to solve ultimate pit limit problem it is required to find such a sub graph in a graph whose sum of weights will be maximal. One of the possible solutions of this problem is using genetic algorithms. We use a parallel genetic algorithm for accelerating of computational process. In this version of algorithm fitness function of each individual calculating in different thread. It allows reducing running time of algorithm. Details of implementation parallel genetic algorithm for searching open pit limits are provided. Comparison with other methods and results of computational experiments provided.Keywords: open pit limits, genetics algorithms, high-performance computin

    Mean field effects in a trapped classical gas

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    In this article, we investigate mean field effects for a bosonic gas harmonically trapped above the transition temperature in the collisionless regime. We point out that those effects can play also a role in low dimensional system. Our treatment relies on the Boltzmann equation with the inclusion of the mean field term. The equilibrium state is first discussed. The dispersion relation for collective oscillations (monopole, quadrupole, dipole modes) is then derived. In particular, our treatment gives the frequency of the monopole mode in an isotropic and harmonic trap in the presence of mean field in all dimensions.Comment: 4 pages, no figure submitted to Phys. Rev.

    Universal physics of 2+1 particles with non-zero angular momentum

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    The zero-energy universal properties of scattering between a particle and a dimer that involves an identical particle are investigated for arbitrary scattering angular momenta. For this purpose, we derive an integral equation that generalises the Skorniakov - Ter-Martirosian equation to the case of non-zero angular momentum. As the mass ratio between the particles is varied, we find various scattering resonances that can be attributed to the appearance of universal trimers and Efimov trimers at the collisional threshold.Comment: 6 figure

    The Lieb-Liniger Model as a Limit of Dilute Bosons in Three Dimensions

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    We show that the Lieb-Liniger model for one-dimensional bosons with repulsive δ\delta-function interaction can be rigorously derived via a scaling limit from a dilute three-dimensional Bose gas with arbitrary repulsive interaction potential of finite scattering length. For this purpose, we prove bounds on both the eigenvalues and corresponding eigenfunctions of three-dimensional bosons in strongly elongated traps and relate them to the corresponding quantities in the Lieb-Liniger model. In particular, if both the scattering length aa and the radius rr of the cylindrical trap go to zero, the Lieb-Liniger model with coupling constant ga/r2g \sim a/r^2 is derived. Our bounds are uniform in gg in the whole parameter range 0g0\leq g\leq \infty, and apply to the Hamiltonian for three-dimensional bosons in a spectral window of size r2\sim r^{-2} above the ground state energy.Comment: LaTeX2e, 19 page