888 research outputs found

    High Density Effective Theory Confronts the Fermi Liquid

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    The high density effective theory recently introduced by Hong and Hsu to describe ultradense relativistic fermionic matter is used to calculate the tree-level forward scattering amplitude between two particles at the Fermi surface. While the direct term correctly reproduces that of the underlying gauge theory, the exchange term has the wrong sign. The physical consequences are discussed in the context of Landau's theoretical description of the Fermi liquid.Comment: 15 pages, 2 figures; conclusion expanded, reference adde

    How the quark self-energy affects the color-superconducting gap

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    We consider color superconductivity with two flavors of massless quarks which form Cooper pairs with total spin zero. We solve the gap equation for the color-superconducting gap parameter to subleading order in the QCD coupling constant gg at zero temperature. At this order in gg, there is also a previously neglected contribution from the real part of the quark self-energy to the gap equation. Including this contribution leads to a reduction of the color-superconducting gap parameter \f_0 by a factor b_0'=\exp \big[ -(\p ^2+4)/8 \big]\simeq 0.177. On the other hand, the BCS relation T_c\simeq 0.57\f_0 between \f_0 and the transition temperature TcT_c is shown to remain valid after taking into account corrections from the quark self-energy. The resulting value for TcT_c confirms a result obtained previously with a different method.Comment: Revtex, 8 pages, no figur

    Positivity of High Density Effective Theory

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    We show that the effective field theory of low energy modes in dense QCD has positive Euclidean path integral measure. The complexity of the measure of QCD at finite chemical potential can be ascribed to modes which are irrelevant to the dynamics at sufficiently high density. Rigorous inequalities follow at asymptotic density. Lattice simulation of dense QCD should be possible using the quark determinant calculated in the effective theory.Comment: 10 pages, Revised version, to appear in Rapid Communications of Physical Review

    Holographic Construction of Technicolor Theory

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    We construct a dual description of technicolor theory based on the D4/D8 brane configuration. A strongly-coupled technicolor theory is identified as the effective theory on D-branes, and from the gauge/gravity correspondence, we explore the weakly-coupled holographic description of dynamical electroweak symmetry breaking. It is found from the D-brane probe action that the masses of W and Z bosons are given by the decay constant of technipion, and the technimesons become hierarchically heavy. Moreover, the couplings of heavier modes to standard model fermions are rather suppressed. The oblique correction parameters are also evaluated and found to be small except for the S parameter, which can be reduced by modifying the model. The fermion fields are introduced at the intersections of D-branes and their masses are generated via massive gauge bosons from open strings stretching between D-branes.Comment: 23 pages; references added, minor change

    Aspects of the Color Flavor Locking phase of QCD in the Nambu-Jona Lasinio approximation

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    We study two aspects of the CFL phase of QCD in the NJL approximation. The first one is the issue of the dependence on \mu of the ultraviolet cutoff in the gap equation, which is solved allowing a running coupling constant. The second one is the dependence of the gap on the strange quark mass; using the high density effective theory we perform an expansion in the parameter (m_s/\mu)^2 after checking that its numerical validity is very good already at first order.Comment: LaTeX file, 6 figure

    Longitudinal gluons and Nambu-Goldstone bosons in a two-flavor color superconductor

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    In a two-flavor color superconductor, the SU(3)_c gauge symmetry is spontaneously broken by diquark condensation. The Nambu-Goldstone excitations of the diquark condensate mix with the gluons associated with the broken generators of the original gauge group. It is shown how one can decouple these modes with a particular choice of 't Hooft gauge. We then explicitly compute the spectral density for transverse and longitudinal gluons of adjoint color 8. The Nambu-Goldstone excitations give rise to a singularity in the real part of the longitudinal gluon self-energy. This leads to a vanishing gluon spectral density for energies and momenta located on the dispersion branch of the Nambu-Goldstone excitations.Comment: 16 pages, 4 figures, minor revisions to text, one ref. adde

    A note on fermions in holographic QCD

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    We study the fermionic sector of a probe D8-brane in the supergravity background made of D4-branes compactified on a circle with supersymmetry broken explicitly by the boundary conditions. At low energies the dual field theory is effectively four-dimensional and has proved surprisingly successful in recovering qualitative and quantitative properties of QCD. We investigate fluctuations of the fermionic fields on the probe D8-brane and interpret these as mesinos (fermionic superpartners of mesons). We demonstrate that the masses of these modes are comparable to meson masses and show that their interactions with ordinary mesons are not suppressed.Comment: 21+1 pp, 1 figure; v2: typos corrected, refs. adde

    Scalar-isoscalar excitation in dense quark matter

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    We study the spectrum of scalar-isoscalar excitations in the color-flavor locked phase of dense quark matter. The sigma meson in this phase appears as a four-quark state (of diquark and anti-diquark) with a well-defined mass and extremely small width, as a consequence of it's small coupling to two pions. The quark particle/hole degrees of freedom also contribute significantly to the correlator just above the threshold 2\Delta where \Delta is the superconducting gap.Comment: RevTeX, 11 pages, 4 fig

    Mass Generation in the Supersymmetric Nambu--Jona--Lasinio Model in an External Magnetic Field

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    The mass generation in the (3+1)-dimensional supersymmetric Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model in a constant magnetic field is studied. It is shown that the external magnetic field catalyzes chiral symmetry breaking.Comment: LaTeX file, 6 pages. Talk given at the International Seminar dedicated to the memory of Dmitrij Volkov "Supersymmetry and Quantum Field Theory", Kharkov, Ukraine, January 5-7, 199
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