6,197 research outputs found


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    I give a simple argument that demonstrates that the state |0>|1>+|1>|0>, with |0> denoting a state with 0 particles and |1> a 1-particle state, is entangled in spite of recent claims to the contrary. I also discuss new viewpoints on the old controversy about whether the above state can be said to display single-particle or single-photon nonlocality.Comment: A more serious version, almost 2.36 pages, but still an unnormalized titl

    Dipole induced transparency in drop-filter cavity-waveguide systems

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    We show that a waveguide that is normally opaque due to interaction with a drop-filter cavity can be made transparent when the drop filter is also coupled to a dipole. A transparency condition is derived between the cavity lifetime and vacuum Rabi frequency of the dipole. This condition is much weaker than strong coupling, and amounts to simply achieving large Purcell factors. Thus, we can observe transparency in the weak coupling regime. We describe how this effect can be useful for designing quantum repeaters for long distance quantum communication

    Single photon absorption and dynamic control of a coupled quantum dot-cavity system

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    We theoretically investigate the dynamic interaction of a quantum dot in a nanocavity with timesymmetric single photon pulses. The simulations, based on a wavefunction approach, reveal that almost perfect single photon absorption occurs for quantum dot-cavity systems operating on the edge between strong and weak coupling regime. The computed maximum absorptions probability is close to unity for pulses with a typical length comparable to the half of the Rabi period. Furthermore, the dynamic control of the quantum dot energy via electric fields allows the freezing of the light-matter interaction leaving the quantum dot in its excited state. Shaping of single photon wavepackets by the electric field control is limited by the occurrence of chirping of the single photon pulse. This understanding of the interaction of single photon pulses with the quantum dot-cavity system provides the basis for the development of advanced protocols for quantum information processing in the solid state.Comment: 7 pages, 4 figure

    Adiabatic State Conversion and Pulse Transmission in Optomechanical Systems

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    Optomechanical systems with strong coupling can be a powerful medium for quantum state engineering. Here, we show that quantum state conversion between cavity modes with different wavelengths can be realized with high fidelity by adiabatically varying the effective optomechanical couplings. The fidelity for the conversion of gaussian states is derived by solving the Langevin equation in the adiabatic limit. We also show that photon pulses can be transmitted between input-output channels with different wavelengths via the effective optomechanical couplings and the output pulse shape can also be manipulated.Comment: 5 pages, 2 figures. Supplementary Materials at http://prl.aps.org/supplemental/PRL/v108/i15/e15360

    Entanglement detection by Bragg scattering

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    We show how to measure the structural witnesses proposed in [P. Krammer et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 100502 (2009)] for detecting entanglement in a spin chain using photon scattering. The procedure, moreover, allows one to measure the two-point correlation function of the spin array. This proposal could be performed in existing experimental platforms realizing ion chains in Paul traps or atomic arrays in optical lattices.Comment: 4 pages, 2 figures, final version (refs added + minor changes

    Long-lived selective spin echoes in dipolar solids under periodic and aperiodic pi-pulse trains

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    The application of Carr-Purcell-Meiboom-Gill (CPMG) π\pi-trains for dynamically decoupling a system from its environment has been extensively studied in a variety of physical systems. When applied to dipolar solids, recent experiments have demonstrated that CPMG pulse trains can generate long-lived spin echoes. While there still remains some controversy as to the origins of these long-lived spin echoes under the CPMG sequence, there is a general agreement that pulse errors during the π\pi-pulses are a necessary requirement. In this work, we develop a theory to describe the spin dynamics in dipolar coupled spin-1/2 system under a CPMG(ϕ1,ϕ2\phi_{1},\phi_{2}) pulse train, where ϕ1\phi_{1} and ϕ2\phi_{2} are the phases of the π\pi-pulses. From our theoretical framework, the propagator for the CPMG(ϕ1,ϕ2\phi_{1},\phi_{2}) pulse train is equivalent to an effective ``pulsed'' spin-locking of single-quantum coherences with phase ±ϕ23ϕ12\pm\frac{\phi_{2}-3\phi_{1}}{2}, which generates a periodic quasiequilibrium that corresponds to the long-lived echoes. Numerical simulations, along with experiments on both magnetically dilute, random spin networks found in C60_{60} and C70_{70} and in non-dilute spin systems found in adamantane and ferrocene, were performed and confirm the predictions from the proposed theory.Comment: 25 pages, 12 figures, submitted to Physical Review

    Distributing fully optomechanical quantum correlations

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    We present a scheme to prepare quantum correlated states of two mechanical systems based on the pouring of pre-available all-optical entanglement into the state of two micro-mirrors belonging to remote and non-interacting optomechanical cavities. We show that, under realistic experimental conditions, the protocol allows for the preparation of a genuine quantum state of a composite mesoscopic system whose non-classical features extend far beyond the occurrence of entanglement. We finally discuss a way to access such mechanical correlations.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figures, to appear in Physical Review

    General linewidth formula for steady-state multimode lasing in arbitrary cavities

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    A formula for the laser linewidth of arbitrary cavities in the multimode non-linear regime is derived from a scattering analysis of the solutions to semiclassical laser theory. The theory generalizes previous treatments of the effects of gain and openness described by the Petermann factor. The linewidth is expressed using quantities based on the non-linear scattering matrix, which can be computed from steady-state ab initio laser theory; unlike previous treatments, no passive cavity or phenomenological parameters are involved. We find that low cavity quality factor, combined with significant dielectric dispersion, can cause substantial deviations from the Schawlow-Townes-Petermann theory.Comment: 5 pages, 2 figure

    Optical wavelength conversion of quantum states with optomechanics

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    An optomechanical interface that converts quantum states between optical fields with distinct wavelengths is proposed. A mechanical mode couples to two optical modes via radiation pressure and mediates the quantum state mapping between the two optical modes. A sequence of optomechanical π/2\pi/2 pulses enables state-swapping between optical and mechanical states as well as the cooling of the mechanical mode. Theoretical analysis shows that high fidelity conversion can be realized for states with small photon numbers in systems with experimentally achievable parameters. The pulsed conversion process also makes it possible to maintain high conversion fidelity at elevated bath temperatures.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figures, Fig. 4 looks weird (possible latex style problem