7,847 research outputs found

    Quantum Antiferromagnetism in Quasicrystals

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    The antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model is studied on a two-dimensional bipartite quasiperiodic lattice. The distribution of local staggered magnetic moments is determined on finite square approximants with up to 1393 sites, using the Stochastic Series Expansion Quantum Monte Carlo method. A non-trivial inhomogeneous ground state is found. For a given local coordination number, the values of the magnetic moments are spread out, reflecting the fact that no two sites in a quasicrystal are identical. A hierarchical structure in the values of the moments is observed which arises from the self-similarity of the quasiperiodic lattice. Furthermore, the computed spin structure factor shows antiferromagnetic modulations that can be measured in neutron scattering and nuclear magnetic resonance experiments. This generic model is a first step towards understanding magnetic quasicrystals such as the recently discovered Zn-Mg-Ho icosahedral structure.Comment: RevTex, 4 pages with 5 figure

    Many Body Effects on the Transport Properties of Single-Molecule Devices

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    The conductance through a molecular device including electron-electron and electron-phonon interactions is calculated using the Numerical Renormalization Group method. At low temperatures and weak electron-phonon coupling the properties of the conductance can be explained in terms of the standard Kondo model with renormalized parameters. At large electron-phonon coupling a charge analog of the Kondo effect takes place that can be mapped into an anisotropic Kondo model. In this regime the molecule is strongly polarized by a gate voltage which leads to rectification in the current-voltage characteristics of the molecular junction.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figures, minor changes, added reference

    Use of a single bipolar electrode in the posterior arytenoid muscles for bilateral monitoring of the recurrent laryngeal nerves in thyroid surgery

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    The aims were to assess the technical feasibility of using a single electrode in the posterior arytenoid muscles (PAM) for intraoperative monitoring of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) in thyroid surgery, to validate the new method against the insertion of electrodes placed in the vocal cord muscle, and to report the results of the clinical application of the new concept. A total of 52 patients were enrolled. The handling and safety of RLN monitoring was tested by simultaneous registration of the EMG response from vocal fold electrodes and PAM electrodes. Acoustically and electromyographically we found nearly the same values for the arytenoid muscles as for the vocal folds, although the signals taken from the vocal folds were slightly stronger. PAM recording using a single bipolar electrode is technically feasible and as reliable compared to the standard vocal cord monitorin

    Drude weight and total optical weight in a t-t'-J model

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    We study the Drude weight D and the total optical weight K for a t-t'-J model on a square lattice that exhibits a metallic phase-modulated antiferromagnetic ground state close to half-filling. Within a suitable 1/N expansion that includes leading quantum-fluctuation effects, D and K are found to increase linearly with small hole doping away from the Mott metal-insulator transition point at half-filling. The slow zero-sound velocity near the latter transition identifies with the velocity of the lower-energy branch of the twofold excitation spectrum. At higher doping values, D and K eventually saturate and then start to decrease. These features are in qualitative agreement with optical conductivity measurements in doped antiferromagnets.Comment: 7 pages, REVTEX file (3 Postscript figures). To appear in J. Phys.: Condens. Mattte

    Resonant coupling of a Bose-Einstein condensate to a micromechanical oscillator

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    We report experiments in which the vibrations of a micromechanical oscillator are coupled to the motion of Bose-condensed atoms in a trap. The interaction relies on surface forces experienced by the atoms at about one micrometer distance from the mechanical structure. We observe resonant coupling to several well-resolved mechanical modes of the condensate. Coupling via surface forces does not require magnets, electrodes, or mirrors on the oscillator and could thus be employed to couple atoms to molecular-scale oscillators such as carbon nanotubes.Comment: 9 pages, 4 figure
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