359 research outputs found

    Feynman path-integral approach to the QED3 theory of the pseudogap

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    In this work the connection between vortex condensation in a d-wave superconductor and the QED3_3 gauge theory of the pseudogap is elucidated. The approach taken circumvents the use of the standard Franz-Tesanovic gauge transformation, borrowing ideas from the path-integral analysis of the Aharonov-Bohm problem. An essential feature of this approach is that gauge-transformations which are prohibited on a particular multiply-connected manifold (e.g. a superconductor with vortices) can be successfully performed on the universal covering space associated with that manifold.Comment: 15 pages, 1 Figure. Int. J. Mod. Phys. B 17, 4509 (2003). Minor changes from previous versio

    Non-local order in gapless systems: Entanglement Spectrum in Spin Chains

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    We show that the entanglement spectrum can be used to define non-local order in gapless spin systems. We find a gap that fully separates a series of generic, high `entanglement energy' levels, from a flat band of levels with specific multiplicities that uniquely define the ground-state, and remains finite in the thermodynamic limit. We pick the appropriate set of quantum numbers, and then partition the system in this space. This partition corresponds to a very non-local real-space cut. Despite the fact that the Laughlin state is bulk gapped while the antiferromagnetic spin chain state is bulk gapless, we show that the S=1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet in one dimension has an entanglement spectrum almost identical to that of the Laughlin Fractional Quantum Hall state in two dimensions, revealing the similar field theory of their low-energy edge and bulk excitations respectively.Comment: 4.5 pages, 3 figures; submitted to PRL on 10/08/09; revised version plus supplementary materia

    Antiferromagnetism and phase separation in the t-J model at low doping: a variational study

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    Using Gutzwiller-projected wave functions, I estimate the ground-state energy of the t-J model for several variational states relevant for high-temperature cuprate superconductors. The results indicate antiferromagnetism and phase separation at low doping both in the superconducting state and in the staggered-flux normal state proposed for the vortex cores. While phase separation in the underdoped superconducting state may be relevant for the stripe formation mechanism, the results for the normal state suggest that similar charge inhomogeneities may also appear in vortex cores up to relatively high doping values.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figures, reference adde

    New Fermionic Description of Quantum S = 1/2 Antiferromargnet

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    A novel approach to S =1/2 antiferromagnets with strong fluctuations based on the representation of spin-1/2 operators as bylinear forms of real (Majorana) fermions is suggested. This representation has the advantage of being irreducible without any constraints on the fermionic Hilbert space. This property allows to derive an effective Hamiltonian for low-lying excitations in the spin liquid state. It is proven that these excitations are S = 1 real fermions.Comment: 4 page

    Scenario for Fractional Quantum Hall Effect in Bulk Isotropic Materials

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    We investigate the possibility of a strongly correlated Fractional Quantum Hall (FQH) state in bulk three dimensional isotropic (not layered) materials. We find that a FQH state can exist at low densities only if it is accompanied by a staging transition in which the electrons re-organize themselves in layers, perpendicular to the magnetic field, at distances of order the magnetic length apart. The Hartree energy associated to the staging transition is off-set by the correlation Fock energy of the 3D FQH state. We obtain the phase diagram of bulk electrons in a magnetic field subject to Coulomb interactions as a function of carrier density and lattice constant. At very low densities, the 3D FQH state exhibits a transition to a 3D Wigner crystal state stabilized by phonon correlations

    Comment on "Statistical Mechanics of Non-Abelian Chern-Simons Particles"

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    The second virial coefficient for non-Abelian Chern-Simons particles is recalculated. It is shown that the result is periodic in the flux parameter just as in the Abelian theory.Comment: 3 pages, latex fil

    Spin 3/2 dimer model

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    We present a parent Hamiltonian for weakly dimerized valence bond solid states for arbitrary half-integral S. While the model reduces for S=1/2 to the Majumdar-Ghosh Hamiltonian we discuss this model and its properties for S=3/2. Its degenerate ground state is the most popular toy model state for discussing dimerization in spin 3/2 chains. In particular, it describes the impurity induced dimer phase in Cr8Ni as proposed recently. We point out that the explicit construction of the Hamiltonian and its main features apply to arbitrary half-integral spin S.Comment: 5+ pages, 6 figures; to appear in Europhysics Letter

    Exact Study of the 1D Boson Hubbard Model with a Superlattice Potential

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    We use Quantum Monte Carlo simulations and exact diagonalization to explore the phase diagram of the Bose-Hubbard model with an additional superlattice potential. We first analyze the properties of superfluid and insulating phases present in the hard-core limit where an exact analytic treatment is possible via the Jordan-Wigner transformation. The extension to finite on-site interaction is achieved by means of quantum Monte Carlo simulations. We determine insulator/superfluid phase diagrams as functions of the on-site repulsive interaction, superlattice potential strength, and filling, finding that insulators with fractional occupation numbers, which are present in the hard-core case, extend deep into the soft-core region. Furthermore, at integer fillings, we find that the competition between the on-site repulsion and the superlattice potential can produce a phase transition between a Mott insulator and a charge density wave insulator, with an intermediate superfluid phase. Our results are relevant to the behavior of ultracold atoms in optical superlattices which are beginning to be studied experimentally.Comment: 13 pages, 23 figure

    Entanglement spectrum and Wannier center flow of the Hofstadter problem

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    We examine the quantum entanglement spectra and Wannier functions of the square lattice Hofstadter model. Consistent with previous work on entanglement spectra of topological band structures, we find that the entanglement levels exhibit a spectral flow similar to that of the full system's energy spectrum. While the energy spectra are continuous, with open boundary conditions the entanglement spectra exhibit discontinuities associated with the passage of an energy edge state through the Fermi level. We show how the entanglement spectrum can be understood by examining the band projectors of the full system and their behavior under adiabatic pumping. In so doing we make connections with the original TKNN work on topological two-dimensional band structures and their Chern numbers. Finally we consider Wannier states and their adiabatic flows, and draw connections to the entanglement properties.Comment: 14 + 4 pages, 12 figures. Introductory material expanded. Figures explained in more detail. New appendix added. Minor typographical errors corrected. Published versio
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