5,609 research outputs found

    On the Hilbert scheme of curves in higher-dimensional projective space

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    In this paper we prove that, for any n≥3n\ge 3, there exist infinitely many r∈Nr\in \N and for each of them a smooth, connected curve CrC_r in ¶r\P^r such that CrC_r lies on exactly nn irreducible components of the Hilbert scheme \hilb(\P^r). This is proven by reducing the problem to an analogous statement for the moduli of surfaces of general type.Comment: latex, 12 pages, no figure

    Geodesic Completeness for Sobolev Metrics on the Space of Immersed Plane Curves

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    We study properties of Sobolev-type metrics on the space of immersed plane curves. We show that the geodesic equation for Sobolev-type metrics with constant coefficients of order 2 and higher is globally well-posed for smooth initial data as well as initial data in certain Sobolev spaces. Thus the space of closed plane curves equipped with such a metric is geodesically complete. We find lower bounds for the geodesic distance in terms of curvature and its derivatives

    Impurity in a bosonic Josephson junction: swallowtail loops, chaos, self-trapping and the poor man's Dicke model

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    We study a model describing NN identical bosonic atoms trapped in a double-well potential together with a single impurity atom, comparing and contrasting it throughout with the Dicke model. As the boson-impurity coupling strength is varied, there is a symmetry-breaking pitchfork bifurcation which is analogous to the quantum phase transition occurring in the Dicke model. Through stability analysis around the bifurcation point, we show that the critical value of the coupling strength has the same dependence on the parameters as the critical coupling value in the Dicke model. We also show that, like the Dicke model, the mean-field dynamics go from being regular to chaotic above the bifurcation and macroscopic excitations of the bosons are observed. Overall, the boson-impurity system behaves like a poor man's version of the Dicke model.Comment: 17 pages, 16 figure

    Dicke-type phase transition in a multimode optomechanical system

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    We consider the "membrane in the middle" optomechanical model consisting of a laser pumped cavity which is divided in two by a flexible membrane that is partially transmissive to light and subject to radiation pressure. Steady state solutions at the mean-field level reveal that there is a critical strength of the light-membrane coupling above which there is a symmetry breaking bifurcation where the membrane spontaneously acquires a displacement either to the left or the right. This bifurcation bears many of the signatures of a second order phase transition and we compare and contrast it with that found in the Dicke model. In particular, by studying limiting cases and deriving dynamical critical exponents using the fidelity susceptibility method, we argue that the two models share very similar critical behaviour. For example, the obtained critical exponents indicate that they fall within the same universality class. Away from the critical regime we identify, however, some discrepancies between the two models. Our results are discussed in terms of experimentally relevant parameters and we evaluate the prospects for realizing Dicke-type physics in these systems.Comment: 14 pages, 6 figure

    Isomonodromic deformatiion with an irregular singularity and hyperelliptic curve

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    In this paper, we extend the result of Kitaev and Korotkin to the case where a monodromy-preserving deformation has an irregular singularity. For the monodromy-preserving deformation, we obtain the τ\tau-function whose deformation parameters are the positions of regular singularities and the parameter tt of an irregular singularity. Furthermore, the τ\tau-function is expressed by the hyperelliptic Θ\Theta function moving the argument \z and the period \B, where tt and the positions of regular singularities move zz and \B, respectively.Comment: 23 pages, 2 figure

    Elliptic fibrations associated with the Einstein spacetimes

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    Given a conformally nonflat Einstein spacetime we define a fibration PP over it. The fibres of this fibration are elliptic curves (2-dimensional tori) or their degenerate counterparts. Their topology depends on the algebraic type of the Weyl tensor of the Einstein metric. The fibration PP is a double branched cover of the bundle of null direction over the spacetime and is equipped with six linearly independent 1-forms which satisfy certain relatively simple system of equations.Comment: 15 pages, Late

    Quotients of E^n by A_{n+1} and Calabi-Yau manifolds

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    We give a simple construction, starting with any elliptic curve E, of an n-dimensional Calabi-Yau variety of Kummer type (for any n>1), by considering the quotient Y of the n-fold self-product of E by a natural action of the alternating group A_{n+1} (in n+1 variables). The vanishing of H^m(Y, O_Y) for 0<m<n follows from the non-existence of (non-zero) fixed points in certain representations of A_{n+1}. For n<4 we provide an explicit crepant resolution X in characteristics different from 2,3. The key point is that Y can be realized as a double cover of P^n branched along a hypersurface of degree 2(n+1).Comment: 9 page

    On compatibility between isogenies and polarisations of abelian varieties

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    We discuss the notion of polarised isogenies of abelian varieties, that is, isogenies which are compatible with given principal polarisations. This is motivated by problems of unlikely intersections in Shimura varieties. Our aim is to show that certain questions about polarised isogenies can be reduced to questions about unpolarised isogenies or vice versa. Our main theorem concerns abelian varieties B which are isogenous to a fixed abelian variety A. It establishes the existence of a polarised isogeny A to B whose degree is polynomially bounded in n, if there exist both an unpolarised isogeny A to B of degree n and a polarised isogeny A to B of unknown degree. As a further result, we prove that given any two principally polarised abelian varieties related by an unpolarised isogeny, there exists a polarised isogeny between their fourth powers. The proofs of both theorems involve calculations in the endomorphism algebras of the abelian varieties, using the Albert classification of these endomorphism algebras and the classification of Hermitian forms over division algebras

    100,000 Genomes Pilot on Rare-Disease Diagnosis in Health Care - Preliminary Report

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