3,450 research outputs found

    The effect of the lateral interactions on the critical behavior of long straight rigid rods on two-dimensional lattices

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    Using Monte Carlo simulations and finite-size scaling analysis, the critical behavior of attractive rigid rods of length k (k-mers) on square lattices at intermediate density has been studied. A nematic phase, characterized by a big domain of parallel k-mers, was found. This ordered phase is separated from the isotropic state by a continuous transition occurring at a intermediate density \theta_c, which increases linearly with the magnitude of the lateral interactions.Comment: 7 pages, 6 figure

    Critical behavior of long straight rigid rods on two-dimensional lattices: Theory and Monte Carlo simulations

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    The critical behavior of long straight rigid rods of length kk (kk-mers) on square and triangular lattices at intermediate density has been studied. A nematic phase, characterized by a big domain of parallel kk-mers, was found. This ordered phase is separated from the isotropic state by a continuous transition occurring at a intermediate density θc\theta_c. Two analytical techniques were combined with Monte Carlo simulations to predict the dependence of θc\theta_c on kk, being θc(k)k1\theta_c(k) \propto k^{-1}. The first involves simple geometrical arguments, while the second is based on entropy considerations. Our analysis allowed us also to determine the minimum value of kk (kmin=7k_{min}=7), which allows the formation of a nematic phase on a triangular lattice.Comment: 23 pages, 5 figures, to appear in The Journal of Chemical Physic

    Critical behavior of self-assembled rigid rods on triangular and honeycomb lattices

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    Using Monte Carlo simulations and finite-size scaling analysis, the critical behavior of self-assembled rigid rods on triangular and honeycomb lattices at intermediate density has been studied. The system is composed of monomers with two attractive (sticky) poles that, by decreasing temperature or increasing density, polymerize reversibly into chains with three allowed directions and, at the same time, undergo a continuous isotropic-nematic (IN) transition. The determination of the critical exponents, along with the behavior of Binder cumulants, indicate that the IN transition belongs to the q=1 Potts universality class.Comment: 6 pages, 5 figure

    Entropy-driven phase transition in a system of long rods on a square lattice

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    The isotropic-nematic (I-N) phase transition in a system of long straight rigid rods of length k on square lattices is studied by combining Monte Carlo simulations and theoretical analysis. The process is analyzed by comparing the configurational entropy of the system with the corresponding to a fully aligned system, whose calculation reduces to the 1D case. The results obtained (1) allow to estimate the minimum value of k which leads to the formation of a nematic phase and provide an interesting interpretation of this critical value; (2) provide numerical evidence on the existence of a second phase transition (from a nematic to a non-nematic state) occurring at density close to 1 and (3) allow to test the predictions of the main theoretical models developed to treat the polymers adsorption problem.Comment: 14 pages, 6 figures. Accepted for publication in JSTA

    Breaking the AMSP mould: the increasingly strange case of HETE J1900.1-2455

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    We present ongoing Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) monitoring observations of the 377.3 Hz accretion-powered pulsar, HETE J1900.1-2455 Activity continues in this system more than 3 years after discovery, at a mean luminosity of 4.4e36 erg/s (for d=5 kpc), although pulsations were present only within the first 70 days. X-ray variability has increased each year, notably with a brief interval of nondetection in 2007, during which the luminosity dropped to below 1e-3 of the mean level. A deep search of data from the intervals of nondetection in 2005 revealed evidence for extremely weak pulsations at an amplitude of 0.29% rms, a factor of ten less than the largest amplitude seen early in the outburst. X-ray burst activity continued through 2008, with bursts typically featuring strong radius expansion. Spectral analysis of the most intense burst detected by RXTE early in the outburst revealed unusual variations in the inferred photospheric radius, as well as significant deviations from a blackbody. We obtained much better fits instead with a comptonisation model.Comment: 8 pages, 3 figures, one table; to appear in the proceedings of the workshop "A Decade of Accreting Millisecond X-ray Pulsars", Amsterdam, April 2008, eds. R. Wijnands et al. (AIP Conf. Proc.

    Mapping the QCD Phase Transition with Accreting Compact Stars

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    We discuss an idea for how accreting millisecond pulsars could contribute to the understanding of the QCD phase transition in the high-density nuclear matter equation of state (EoS). It is based on two ingredients, the first one being a ``phase diagram'' of rapidly rotating compact star configurations in the plane of spin frequency and mass, determined with state-of-the-art hybrid equations of state, allowing for a transition to color superconducting quark matter. The second is the study of spin-up and accretion evolution in this phase diagram. We show that the quark matter phase transition leads to a characteristic line in the Omega-M plane, the phase border between neutron stars and hybrid stars with a quark matter core. Along this line a change in the pulsar's moment of inertia entails a waiting point phenomenon in the accreting millisecond X-ray pulsar (AMXP) evolution: most of these objects should therefore be found along the phase border in the Omega-M plane, which may be viewed as the AMXP analog of the main sequence in the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram for normal stars. In order to prove the existence of a high-density phase transition in the cores of compact stars we need population statistics for AMXP's with sufficiently accurate determination of their masses and spin frequencies.Comment: 8 pages, 3 figures, to appear in Proceedings of the Conference on "A Decade of Accreting Millisecond X-Ray Pulsars, Amsterdam, April 14-18, 200

    Phase diagram of self-assembled rigid rods on two-dimensional lattices: Theory and Monte Carlo simulations

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    Monte Carlo simulations and finite-size scaling analysis have been carried out to study the critical behavior in a two-dimensional system of particles with two bonding sites that, by decreasing temperature or increasing density, polymerize reversibly into chains with discrete orientational degrees of freedom and, at the same time, undergo a continuous isotropic-nematic (IN) transition. A complete phase diagram was obtained as a function of temperature and density. The numerical results were compared with mean field (MF) and real space renormalization group (RSRG) analytical predictions about the IN transformation. While the RSRG approach supports the continuous nature of the transition, the MF solution predicts a first-order transition line and a tricritical point, at variance with the simulation results.Comment: 12 pages, 10 figures, supplementary informatio
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