964 research outputs found

    Nuclear spin driven resonant tunnelling of magnetisation in Mn12 acetate

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    Current theories still fail to give a satisfactory explanation of the observed quantum phenomena in the relaxation of the magnetisation of the molecular cluster Mn12 acetate. In the very low temperature regime, Prokof'ev and Stamp recently proposed that slowly changing dipolar fields and rapidly fluctuating hyperfine fields play a major role in the tunnelling process. By means of a faster relaxing minor species of Mn12ac and a new experimental 'hole digging' method, we measured the intrinsic line width broadening due to local fluctuating fields, and found strong evidence for the influence of nuclear spins on resonance tunnelling at very low temperatures (0.04 - 0.3K). At higher temperature (1.5 - 4K), we observed a homogeneous line width broadening of the resonance transitions being in agreement with a recent calculation of Leuenberger and Loss.Comment: 7 pages, 6 figures, submitted to Europhys. Let

    Towards the chemical tuning of entanglement in molecular nanomagnets

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    Antiferromagnetic spin rings represent prototypical realizations of highly correlated, low-dimensional systems. Here we theoretically show how the introduction of magnetic defects by controlled chemical substitutions results in a strong spatial modulation of spin-pair entanglement within each ring. Entanglement between local degrees of freedom (individual spins) and collective ones (total ring spins) are shown to coexist in exchange-coupled ring dimers, as can be deduced from general symmetry arguments. We verify the persistence of these features at finite temperatures, and discuss them in terms of experimentally accessible observables.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figure

    Dynamical Monte Carlo investigation of spin reversals and nonequilibrium magnetization of single-molecule magnets

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    In this paper, we combine thermal effects with Landau-Zener (LZ) quantum tunneling effects in a dynamical Monte Carlo (DMC) framework to produce satisfactory magnetization curves of single-molecule magnet (SMM) systems. We use the giant spin approximation for SMM spins and consider regular lattices of SMMs with magnetic dipolar interactions (MDI). We calculate spin reversal probabilities from thermal-activated barrier hurdling, direct LZ tunneling, and thermal-assisted LZ tunnelings in the presence of sweeping magnetic fields. We do systematical DMC simulations for Mn12_{12} systems with various temperatures and sweeping rates. Our simulations produce clear step structures in low-temperature magnetization curves, and our results show that the thermally activated barrier hurdling becomes dominating at high temperature near 3K and the thermal-assisted tunnelings play important roles at intermediate temperature. These are consistent with corresponding experimental results on good Mn12_{12} samples (with less disorders) in the presence of little misalignments between the easy axis and applied magnetic fields, and therefore our magnetization curves are satisfactory. Furthermore, our DMC results show that the MDI, with the thermal effects, have important effects on the LZ tunneling processes, but both the MDI and the LZ tunneling give place to the thermal-activated barrier hurdling effect in determining the magnetization curves when the temperature is near 3K. This DMC approach can be applicable to other SMM systems, and could be used to study other properties of SMM systems.Comment: Phys Rev B, accepted; 10 pages, 6 figure

    Theory of severe slowdown in the relaxation of rings and clusters with antiferromagnetic interactions

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    We show that in the severe slowing down temperature regime the relaxation of antiferromagnetic rings and similar magnetic nanoclusters is governed by the quasi-continuum portion of their quadrupolar fluctuation spectrum and not by the lowest excitation lines. This is at the heart of the intriguing near-universal power-law temperature dependence of the electronic correlation frequency ωc\omega_c with an exponent close to 4. The onset of this behavior is defined by an energy scale which is fixed by the lowest spin gap Δ0\Delta_0. This explains why experimental curves of ωc\omega_c for different cluster sizes and spins nearly coincide when TT is rescaled by Δ0\Delta_0.Comment: new slightly extended version (6 pages, 1 fig. added

    Mechanisms of decoherence in weakly anisotropic molecular magnets

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    Decoherence mechanisms in crystals of weakly anisotropic magnetic molecules, such as V15, are studied. We show that an important decohering factor is the rapid thermal fluctuation of dipolar interactions between magnetic molecules. A model is proposed to describe the influence of this source of decoherence. Based on the exact solution of this model, we show that at relatively high temperatures, about 0.5 K, the quantum coherence in a V15 molecule is not suppressed, and, in principle, can be detected experimentally. Therefore, these molecules may be suitable prototype systems for study of physical processes taking place in quantum computers.Comment: 4 pages RevTeX, 1 figure (PostScript
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