3,368 research outputs found

    Homogenization of nonlocal wire metamaterial via a renormalization approach

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    It is well known that defining a local refractive index for a metamaterial requires that the wavelength be large with respect to the scale of its microscopic structure (generally the period). However, the converse does not hold. There are simple structures, such as the infinite, perfectly conducting wire medium, which remain non-local for arbitrarily large wavelength-to-period ratios. In this work we extend these results to the more realistic and relevant case of finite wire media with finite conductivity. In the quasi-static regime the metamaterial is described by a non-local permittivity which is obtained analytically using a two-scale renormalization approach. Its accuracy is tested and confirmed numerically via full vector 3D finite element calculations. Moreover, finite wire media exhibit large absorption with small reflection, while their low fill factor allows considerable freedom to control other characteristics of the metamaterial such as its mechanical, thermal or chemical robustness.Comment: 8 pages on two columns, 7 figures, submitted to Phys. Rev.

    Experimental demonstration of sub-wavelength image channeling using capacitively loaded wire medium

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    In this letter we experimentally demonstrate a possibility to achieve significant sub-wavelength resolution of a near-field image channeled through a layer of an electromagnetic crystal. An image having radius of őĽ/10\lambda/10 has been realized using an electrically dense lattice of capacitively loaded wires. The loading allows to reduce the lattice period dramatically so that it is only a small fraction of the free-space wavelength. It is shown that losses in the structure only decrease the total amplitude of the image, but do not influence the resolution.Comment: 4 pages, 7 figures, submitted to PR

    Evaluation of noise immunity of high orbital satellite telecommunication systems with broadband noise-like sign

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    HIn with this regard article assesses the noise immunity of high-orbit satellite telecommunication systems with code division of addresses when using a number of broadband noise-like signals with linear frequency modulation as information carrier

    Global Spinors and Orientable Five-Branes

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    Fermion fields on an M-theory five-brane carry a representation of the double cover of the structure group of the normal bundle. It is shown that, on an arbitrary oriented Lorentzian six-manifold, there is always an Sp(2) twist that allows such spinors to be defined globally. The vanishing of the arising potential obstructions does not depend on spin structure in the bulk, nor does the six-manifold need to be spin or spin-C. Lifting the tangent bundle to such a generalised spin bundle requires picking a generalised spin structure in terms of certain elements in the integral and modulo-two cohomology of the five-brane world-volume in degrees four and five, respectively.Comment: 18 pages, LaTeX; v2: version to appear in JHE

    Lattice analogues of W-algebras and Classical Integrable Equations

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    We propose a regular way to construct lattice versions of WW-algebras, both for quantum and classical cases. In the classical case we write the algebra explicitly and derive the lattice analogue of Boussinesq equation from the Hamiltonian equations of motion. Connection between the lattice Faddeev-Takhtadjan-Volkov algebra [1] and q-deformed Virasoro is also discussed.Comment: LaTeX, ILG-TMP-93-01, (the problems caused by mailer are fixed

    Noncommutative Field Theories and (Super)String Field Theories

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    In this lecture notes we explain and discuss some ideas concerning noncommutative geometry in general, as well as noncommutative field theories and string field theories. We consider noncommutative quantum field theories emphasizing an issue of their renormalizability and the UV/IR mixing. Sen's conjectures on open string tachyon condensation and their application to the D-brane physics have led to wide investigations of the covariant string field theory proposed by Witten about 15 years ago. We review main ingredients of cubic (super)string field theories using various formulations: functional, operator, conformal and the half string formalisms. The main technical tools that are used to study conjectured D-brane decay into closed string vacuum through the tachyon condensation are presented. We describe also methods which are used to study the cubic open string field theory around the tachyon vacuum: construction of the sliver state, ``comma'' and matrix representations of vertices.Comment: 160 pages, LaTeX, 29 EPS figures. Lectures given by I.Ya.Aref'eva at the Swieca Summer School, Brazil, January 2001; Summer School in Modern Mathematical Physics, Sokobanja, Yugoslavia, August 2001; Max Born Symposium, Karpacz, Poland, September, 2001; Workshop "Noncommutative Geometry, Strings and Renormalization", Leipzig, Germany, September 2001. Typos corrected, references adde
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