3,961 research outputs found

    Physical properties of the satellites of Saturn

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    The photometric and bulk parameters of the known and suspected satellites of Saturn are presented in updated tables and are compared. The surface compositions of all the satellites are discussed in terms of modern photometry and spectroscopy; most if not all of the inner bodies have water frost surfaces, but the outer three satellites have surfaces of unknown composition. The few reliable mass values of some inner satellites, together with the best current values for the satellite radii, suggest mean densities representative of bulk compositions dominated by frozen volatiles, though Titan may have a substantial volume fraction of silicates. The special case of Iapetus is considered in the light of new studies of its two distinct faces and polar cap

    Space infrared telescope facility project

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    The functions undertaken during this reporting period were: to inform the planetary science community of the progress and status of the Space Infrared Telescope Facility (SIRTF) Project; to solicit input from the planetary science community on needs and requirements of planetary science in the use of SIRTF at such time that it becomes an operational facility; and a white paper was prepared on the use of the SIRTF for solar system studies

    Research in planetary astronomy and operation of the Mauna Kea Observatory

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    Spectroscopic studies with ground-based telescopes at low resolution can give compositional information of the surfaces and atmospheres of planets, satellites, asteroids, and comets. Solid state absorptions in ices and minerals are measurable by the low-resolution spectrophotometric technique. This program includes spectroscopy of distant comets, asteroids of particular interest in various contexts (planet crossers, outer main belt, trojans, etc.), Pluto and Charon, and planetary satellites of particular interest (Iapetus, Io, Uranian satellites, etc.). In the case of planets, satellites, and comets, emphasis is placed on volatiles (ices and organics), while for asteroids the stress is on mineralogy and the connection with the meteorites. New spectra show that the IR signature of Triton has changed since 1980, in that the methane bands are significantly weaker. Spectral evidence for the presence of molecular nitrogen remains convincing. Also, the brightness of Triton throughout its orbital cycle was measured to higher precision than before and was found to be constant to better than 0.02 mag. Suggestive spectral evidence was found for the presence of the C-H stretching mode band in diffuse reflection on asteroid 130 Elektra

    Sulphur compounds in the atmosphere of Venus. 2 - Upper limits for the abundance of carbonyl sulfide and hydrogen sulfide

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    Carbonyl and hydrogen sulfide abundance in Venus atmosphere determined from infrared spectr

    Mutation and selection in a large population

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    In this paper we study a large, but finite population, in which mutation and selection occur at a single genetic locus in a diploid organism. We provide theoretical results for the equilibrium allele frequencies, their variances and covariances and their equilibrium distribution, when the population size is larger than the reciprocal of the mean mutation rate. [[We are also able to infer that the equilibrium distribution of allele frequencies takes the form of a constrained multivariate Gaussian distribution.]] Our results provide a rapid way of obtaining useful information in the case of complex mutation and selection schemes when the population size is large. We present numerical simulations to test the applicability of our theoretical formulations. The results of these simulations are in very reasonable agreement with the theoretical predictions

    Arizona-NASA Atlas of infrared solar spectrum, a preliminary report, number 123

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    Photometric tracings of infrared solar spectrum from NASA CV-990 jet during July-August 196

    Calibration of weak 1.4 and 1.9 mu water-vapor absorptions

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    Calibration of water absorption bands in near infrared regio

    A study of the Io-associated plasma and neutral sodium cloud

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    Narrow-band interference filter images were obtained for the Io torus at the S II wavelengths of 6716, 6731 and at the wavelenght of the S III, 9532 spectrum. The purpose of these observations is to study the short term temporal behavior of the torus and to gain a better understanding of the systematic morphology of the torus. From these images, estimates were obtained for the electron and ion densities and ion temperatures as a function of longitude, latitude, radius from Jupiter, and time. From the analysis of images taken in 1983 and 1984, extremely sharp longitudinal variations in plasma density were detected, subcorotational velocities were measures in the torus plasma, the presence of an optical east-west brightness asymmetry was confirmed in the ion emissions, and longitudinal variations were detected in torus ion temperatures
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