383 research outputs found

    Beta Regression in R

    Get PDF
    The class of beta regression models is commonly used by practitioners to model variables that assume values in the standard unit interval (0, 1). It is based on the assumption that the dependent variable is beta-distributed and that its mean is related to a set of regressors through a linear predictor with unknown coefficients and a link function. The model also includes a precision parameter which may be constant or depend on a (potentially different) set of regressors through a link function as well. This approach naturally incorporates features such as heteroskedasticity or skewness which are commonly observed in data taking values in the standard unit interval, such as rates or proportions. This paper describes the betareg package which provides the class of beta regressions in the R system for statistical computing. The underlying theory is briefly outlined, the implementation discussed and illustrated in various replication exercises.Series: Research Report Series / Department of Statistics and Mathematic

    Beta Regression in R

    Get PDF
    The class of beta regression models is commonly used by practitioners to model variables that assume values in the standard unit interval (0, 1). It is based on the assumption that the dependent variable is beta-distributed and that its mean is related to a set of regressors through a linear predictor with unknown coefficients and a link function. The model also includes a precision parameter which may be constant or depend on a (potentially different) set of regressors through a link function as well. This approach naturally incorporates features such as heteroskedasticity or skewness which are commonly observed in data taking values in the standard unit interval, such as rates or proportions. This paper describes the betareg package which provides the class of beta regressions in the R system for statistical computing. The underlying theory is briefly outlined, the implementation discussed and illustrated in various replication exercises.

    A Generalization of the Exponential-Poisson Distribution

    Full text link
    The two-parameter distribution known as exponential-Poisson (EP) distribution, which has decreasing failure rate, was introduced by Kus (2007). In this paper we generalize the EP distribution and show that the failure rate of the new distribution can be decreasing or increasing. The failure rate can also be upside-down bathtub shaped. A comprehensive mathematical treatment of the new distribution is provided. We provide closed-form expressions for the density, cumulative distribution, survival and failure rate functions; we also obtain the density of the iith order statistic. We derive the rrth raw moment of the new distribution and also the moments of order statistics. Moreover, we discuss estimation by maximum likelihood and obtain an expression for Fisher's information matrix. Furthermore, expressions for the R\'enyi and Shannon entropies are given and estimation of the stress-strength parameter is discussed. Applications using two real data sets are presented

    HETEROGENEIDADE DO TRABALHO E TAXA DE LUCRO EM MARX

    Get PDF
    The purpose of this paper is to analyze the dynamic behavior of the rate of profit in a marxian framework, once human capital is incorporated as a production factor. In this context, a set of sufficient conditions for an increasing behavior of the rate of profit and the wage rate along the accumulation process is derived.O objetivo do presente artigo é o de analisar o comportamento dinâmico da taxa de lucro em uma estrutura marxista uma vez que o capital humano é incorporado como fator de produção. Neste novo contexto, deriva-se um conjunto de condições suficientes para um comportamento crescente não só da taxa de lucro, mas também da taxa salarial ao longo do processo de acumulação
    corecore