3 research outputs found

    Le donne nell’editoria del ‘900: fonti e casi di studio (Università degli studi di Milano, 8 marzo 2023)

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    The paper offers both a synthesis and a reflection on the topics addressed during the conference “Women in 20th century’s publishing: sources and case studies”, promoted by Apice Center and the Department of Historical Studies at the University of Milan. The conference aimed at enhancing a field of study that is still little explored, highlighting the challenges involved in the retrieval and use of sources and in the research methodologies applicable to the reconstruction of biographies and activities of female protagonists in 20th century publishing.The day was divided into two sessions, “Sources of the self” and “A room all for one’s self? Case studies and digitization projects”, both encompassing a rich and intensive program that revisited and delved deeper into the themes of feminization in the publishing industry and the use of publishing as a lens into women’s work, at the same time providing important methodological guidelines to approach sources such as the archives of publishing houses and authors, as well as autobiographies.What characterized the conference was the proposal of a complex and interdisciplinary path across history of gender, history of professions, and history of culture. Such path should present female authors, translators, editors, and publishers who show vibrant and multifaceted profiles, but whose narratives have often been obscured by their male counterparts. At the same time, attention should be given to the historical context, to pivotal moments, in the development of the publishing and cultural system at large, as well as to the treatment of sources, of which, in this circumstance, the complexity and criticality fully emerged.L’articolo propone una sintesi e una riflessione circa le tematiche affrontate durante il convegno “Le donne nell’editoria del ‘900: fonti e casi di studio”, iniziativa promossa dal Centro Apice e dal Dipartimento di Studi storici dell’UniversitĂ  degli studi di Milano che si Ăš posta l’obiettivo di valorizzare un ambito di studi ancora poco esplorato, sottolineando le sfide rappresentate dall’individuazione e dall’utilizzo di fonti e metodologie di ricerca applicabili alla ricostruzione delle biografie e delle attivitĂ  relative alle protagoniste femminili dell’editoria novecentesca.La giornata Ăš stata divisa in due sessioni, “Fonti del sĂ©â€ e “Una stanza tutta per sĂ©? Casi di studio e progetti di digitalizzazione”, a racchiudere un programma ricco e intenso che riprende e approfondisce il tema della femminilizzazione del lavoro editoriale e quello dell’utilizzo dell’editoria come sonda del lavoro femminile, fornendo importanti linee metodologiche relative all’approccio a fonti quali archivi editoriali e autoriali e autobiografie.A caratterizzare il convegno Ăš la proposta di un percorso complesso e interdisciplinare che attraversa la storia di genere, la storia delle professioni e la storia della cultura, e che presenta autrici, traduttrici, editrici, redattrici dal profilo vivace e sfaccettato, difficile da restituire poichĂ© soffocato spesso dagli uomini, rivolgendo lo sguardo ai tempi, agli snodi e allo sviluppo del sistema editoriale e culturale in generale, oltre che al trattamento di fonti di cui, in questa circostanza, emerge tutta la complessitĂ  e la criticitĂ 

    L’altra metà dell’editoria: le professioniste del libro e della lettura nel Novecento (Milano, 23-26 novembre 2020)

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    The paper proposes a synthesis and a reflection on the topics addressed during the conference “The other side of publishing: the women of books and reading in the 20th century”, organized by the Apice Center, with the collaboration of the Department of Historical studies of the University of Milan and the Arnoldo and Alberto Mondadori Foundation. On this occasion it was intended to shed light on the women’s role in the publishing during the 20th century, especially on those figures who, often without leaving any apparent trace, as editors, illustrators, translators and librarians, played a far from secondary role in discovering authors, in promoting works, in curating collections and disseminating good practices, such as reading. The conference days, organized in five sessions, were divided by themes: “Editorial work”; “In the workshop of translators”; “Promoting reading”; “Drawing the book”, and “Female militancy”. The event was characterized by the heterogeneity and the multidisciplinary approach of the young researchers involved, who were able to let communicate different skills, related to gender studies, literary, artistic and historical, preferring, from the point of view of the method, the exploitation of archive sources, the identification of new types of documents and the experimentation of new working tools, like digital databases. This strategy led to the articulation of an intense program, full of insights and discussion, branched out from the main topics identified, such as the importance of memory, the autobiographical writings, the ongoing transformation of editorial work and the ability of women to create strong institutions.Il saggio propone una sintesi e una riflessione circa le tematiche affrontate durante il convegno “L’altra metà dell’editoria: le professioniste del libro e della lettura nel Novecento”, organizzato dal Centro Apice, con la collaborazione del Dipartimento di studi storici dell’Università degli studi di Milano e della Fondazione Arnoldo e Alberto Mondadori. In quest’occasione si è inteso far luce sul ruolo delle donne nell’editoria del Novecento, in particolare su quelle figure che, spesso senza lasciare traccia apparente, in qualità di redattrici, illustratrici, traduttrici e bibliotecarie, hanno avuto un ruolo tutt’altro che secondario nello scoprire autori e autrici, nel promuovere opere, nel curare collane e divulgare buone pratiche, come quella della lettura. Il convegno si è articolato in cinque sessioni tematiche: “Il lavoro editoriale”, “Nel laboratorio delle traduttrici”, “Promuovere la lettura”, “Disegnare il libro” e “Militanze femminili”. L’evento è stato caratterizzato dall’eterogeneità e dall’approccio multidisciplinare dei giovani ricercatori coinvolti, che hanno saputo far comunicare competenze diverse, legate agli studi di genere, letterari, artistici e storici, preferendo, dal punto di vista metodologico, la valorizzazione delle fonti di archivio, l’identificazione di nuovi tipi di documenti e la sperimentazione di nuovi strumenti di lavoro, come le banche dati digitali. Questa strategia ha portato all’articolazione di un intenso programma, ricco di approfondimenti e discussioni, ramificato dai principali temi individuati, come l’importanza della memoria, scritti autobiografici, la continua trasformazione del lavoro editoriale e la capacità delle donne di creare istituzioni a cui dare vita e solidità

    Changes in gut microbiota in the acute phase after spinal cord injury correlate with severity of the lesion

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    Abstract After spinal cord injury (SCI), patients face many physical and psychological issues including intestinal dysfunction and comorbidities, strongly affecting quality of life. The gut microbiota has recently been suggested to influence the course of the disease in these patients. However, to date only two studies have profiled the gut microbiota in SCI patients, months after a traumatic injury. Here we characterized the gut microbiota in a large Italian SCI population, within a short time from a not only traumatic injury. Feces were collected within the first week at the rehabilitation center (no later than 60 days after SCI), and profiled by 16S rRNA gene-based next-generation sequencing. Microbial profiles were compared to those publicly available of healthy age- and gender-matched Italians, and correlated to patient metadata, including type of SCI, spinal unit location, nutrition and concomitant antibiotic therapies. The gut microbiota of SCI patients shows distinct dysbiotic signatures, i.e. increase in potentially pathogenic, pro-inflammatory and mucus-degrading bacteria, and depletion of short-chain fatty acid producers. While robust to most host variables, such dysbiosis varies by lesion level and completeness, with the most neurologically impaired patients showing an even more unbalanced microbial profile. The SCI-related gut microbiome dysbiosis is very likely secondary to injury and closely related to the degree of completeness and severity of the lesion, regardless of etiology and time interval. This microbial layout could variously contribute to increased gut permeability and inflammation, potentially predisposing patients to the onset of severe comorbidities