7,802 research outputs found

    Myositis ossificans of the quadriceps femoris in a soccer player

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    A young soccer player was diagnosed with myositis ossificans 6 weeks after a muscle strain in the right thigh. Radiographic and sonographic investigations initially helped to confirm diagnosis and later supported clinical improvement. We present our approach to the case and discuss pathophysiology, prevention and treatment of this rare condition

    A lower energy intake contributes to a better cardiometabolic profile in adolescence: Data from the EPITeen cohort

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    Caloric restriction has been associated with improved cardiometabolic health. Available data in humans are commonly based on short follow-up periods, specific diets, or popu-lation groups. We hypothesized that participants of a population-based cohort (Epidemio-logical Health Investigation of Teenagers in Porto) with a dietary pattern characterized by a lower energy intake during adolescence have a better cardiometabolic profile in adolescence and young adulthood than other dietary patterns. At aged 13 and 21 year evaluations, diet, anthropometric, and cardiometabolic measures were assessed. Diet was assessed through a food frequency questionnaire and, at 13 years, summarized in dietary patterns identified by cluster analysis. The lower intake dietary pattern included 40% of the participants. The energy intake misreport was estimated using the Goldberg method. Analysis of variance and analysis of covariance were used to compare cardiometabolic risk factors according to dietary patterns. The mean energy intake was 2394 and 2242 Kcal/d for the total sample at aged 13 years (n = 962) and 21 years (n = 862), respectively. Those belonging to the lower intake dietary pattern showed a 25% and 5% lower energy intake, respectively. In the cross-sectional analysis at aged 13, adolescents belonging to the lower intake dietary pattern pre-sented lower glucose, insulin, triglycerides, and blood pressure values after adjusting for body mass index and parents' education level. Among the plausible reporters, differences were only statistically significant for glucose and systolic blood pressure. Our data support that a dietary pattern characterized by a lower energy intake may contribute to a better cardiometabolic profile in adolescents. However, no significant effect was found in young adulthood.(c) 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ )This study was based on the EPITeen cohort, funded by a project supported by national funding from the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology - FCT (Portuguese Ministry of Education and Science) FCOMP-01-0124-FEDER-015750 (PTDC/DTP-EPI/6506/2014) and by the funding for the Epidemiology Research Unit - Institute of Public Health, University of Porto (UIDB/04750/2020) . V. M. received an individual grant (SFRH/BD/143747/2019) from the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology; FCT is gratefully acknowledged. The funding sources had no role in the study

    Endogenous endophthalmitis secondary to erysipelas

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    A 64-year-old woman with chronic right arm lymphoedema presented with progressive and painful vision loss in the right eye following diagnosis of erysipelas in the ipsilateral arm. Visual acuity was light perception. Biomicroscopy revealed marked conjunctival injection, decreased corneal transparency and an inflammatory mass in the anterior chamber, which precluded fundoscopy. The ocular ultrasonography features were consistent with acute endophthalmitis, and the patient was admitted to the hospital. A systemic evaluation, including complete physical examination, echocardiography and blood tests, ruled out other sources of infection besides the cutaneous site. Blood cultures were positive for group A Streptococcus. A diagnosis of unilateral acute endophthalmitis due to group A Streptococcus bacteraemia secondary to erysipelas was made and successfully treated with optimal medical care, including prompt intravitreal and systemic antibiotic administration. Despite resolution of the infectious process, visual acuity did not improve.info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersio

    Low-dissipation data bus via coherent quantum dynamics

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    The transfer of information between two physical locations is an essential component of both classical and quantum computing. In quantum computing the transfer of information must be coherent to preserve quantum states and hence the quantum information. We establish a simple protocol for transferring one- and two-electron encoded logical qubits in quantum dot arrays. The theoretical energetic cost of this protocol is calculated - in particular, the cost of freezing and unfreezing tunneling between quantum dots. Our results are compared with the energetic cost of shuttling qubits in quantum dot arrays and transferring classical information using classical information buses. Only our protocol can manage constant dissipation for any chain length. This protocol could reduce the cooling requirements and constraints on scalable architectures for quantum dot quantum computers

    Sequential Morphological Changes in the CNV Net after Intravitreal Anti-VEGF Evaluated with OCT Angiography

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    PURPOSE: To assess and describe sequential morphological changes in the choroidal neovascularization (CNV) net using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in patients undergoing treatment with intravitreal antivascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). METHODS: Prospective cohort study. OCTA was performed sequentially: before (t0), 1 h (t1), 1 week (t2) and 1 month after the injection (t3), using Avanti RTVue XR equipped with the AngioVue® software (Optovue, Calif., USA). All images were classified by two independent graders. RESULTS: Ten eyes of 10 patients, with a mean age of 72.4 ± 10.5 years, were included. CNV morphology was described as tree-like in 5 eyes, glomerular in 1 and fragmented in 4. A fibrovascular capsule surrounding the CNV net was found in 4 eyes and a feeder trunk was noticed in 6. No changes were observed at t1. Loss of peripheral capillaries, vessel fragmentation and decreased vessel density were evident in 8 eyes at t2. The CNV capillary density and the peripheral anastomosis increased in all of these at t3. Two eyes remained unchanged through the whole length of follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Significant changes in the CNV net can be observable in OCTA at least 1 week after intravitreal anti-VEGF. The safety of frequent examinations may provide a method of gauging treatment effects

    Protocol for a randomised, double-masked, sham-controlled phase 4 study on the efficacy, safety and tolerability of intravitreal aflibercept monotherapy compared with aflibercept with adjunctive photodynamic therapy in polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy: the ATLANTIC study

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    PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy and safety of intravitreal aflibercept (IVA) with sham photodynamic therapy (sPDT) versus IVA with verteporfin PDT (vPDT) in a Caucasian population with treatment-naive polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV), enrolling into a treat and extend (T&E) regimen. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Randomised, double-masked, sham-controlled, multicentre phase 4 investigator-driven clinical trial. The primary outcomes are (1) change in best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) from baseline and (2) polyp regression at week 52, assessed by indocyanine green angiography (ICGA). Fifty patients with treatment-naive PCV will be recruited from Portuguese and Spanish clinical sites. Eligible patients will receive monthly IVA for 3 months (week 0, week 4 and week 8). At week 16, all patients will repeat ICGA and undergo central randomisation (1:1 ratio) into one of the following groups: Group 1-IVA T&E + vPDT; Group 2-IVA T&E + sPDT. PDT will be performed at week 16, week 28 and week 40 in the presence of active polyps. After week 16, the presence of macular fluid on optical coherence tomography will determine the schedule of observations. When present, the interval between visits/injections will decrease 2 weeks (minimum 6 weeks). When not, the interval between visits/injections will increase 2 weeks (maximum 12 weeks). Efficacy will be evaluated based on BCVA, central retinal thickness and polyp regression. Safety parameters will include assessment of intraocular pressure, adverse events and serious adverse events. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study was designed and shall be implemented and reported in accordance with the International Conference on Harmonisation (ICH) Harmonised Tripartite Guidelines for Good Clinical Practice, with applicable local regulations and with the ethical principles laid down in the Declaration of Helsinki. The study received approval from Comissão de Ética para a Investigação Clínica and Comité Ético de investigación Clínica del Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: This study is registered under the EudraCT number: 2015-001368-20 and the ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02495181.info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersio

    Trends in mortality by labour market position around retirement ages in three European countries with different welfare regimes

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    <p>Objectives: In the face of economic downturn and increasing life expectancy, many industrial nations are adopting a policy of postponing the retirement age. However, questions still remain around the consequence of working longer into old age. We examine mortality by work status around retirement ages in countries with different welfare regimes; Finland (social democratic), Turin (Italy; conservative), and England and Wales (liberal).</p> <p>Methods: Death rates and rate ratios (RRs) (reference rates = ‘in-work’), 1970 s–2000 s, were estimated for those aged 45–64 years using the England and Wales longitudinal study, Turin longitudinal study, and the Finnish linked register study.</p> <p>Results: Mortality of the not-in-work was consistently higher than the in-work. Death rates for the not-in-work were lowest in Turin and highest in Finland. Rate ratios were smallest in Turin (RR men 1972–76 1.73; 2002–06 1.63; women 1.22; 1.68) and largest in Finland (RR men 1991–95 3.03; 2001–05 3.80; women 3.62; 4.11). Unlike RRs for men, RRs for women increased in every country (greatest in Finland).</p> <p>Conclusions: These findings signal that overall, employment in later life is associated with lower mortality, regardless of welfare regime.</p&gt

    The SARS-CoV-2 Infection Among Students in the University of Porto: A Cross-Sectional Study

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    Objective: We aimed to quantify SARS-CoV-2 specific antibodies’ seroprevalence among university students in Porto. Methods: A rapid point of care testing for SARS-CoV-2 specific immunoglobulin (Ig) M and IgG antibodies was performed, and a questionnaire was applied to 6512 voluntary students from September to December 2020. We computed the apparent IgM, IgG, and IgM or IgG prevalence, and the true prevalence and 95% credible intervals (95% CI) using Bayesian inference. Results: We found an apparent prevalence (IgM or IgG) of 9.7%, the true prevalence being 7.9% (95% CI 4.9–11.1). Prevalence was significantly higher among males (10.9% vs. 9.2%), international students (18.1% vs. 10.4% local vs. 8.8% nationally displaced), and increased with age. Those with a known risk contact, that experienced quarantine, had symptoms, or a previous negative molecular test had a higher seroprevalence. Of the 91 (1.4%) students who reported a molecular diagnosis, 86.8% were reactive for IgM or IgG. Conclusion: Based on immunological evidence infection was 5.6-fold the reported molecular diagnosis. The higher seroprevalence among male, older, and international students emphasizes the importance of identifying particular groups. Copyright © 2022 Meireles, Costa, Novais, Miranda, Lopes, Severo and Barros.This study was funded by University of Porto and supported by national funds of Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia, under the scope of the projects UIDB/04750/2020—Research Unit of Epidemiology–Institute of Public Health of the University of Porto (EPIUnit) and LA/P/0064/2020–Laboratory for Integrative and Translational Research in Population Health (ITR). JPC was the recipient of PhD grant (DFA/BD/8562/2020) co-funded by the national funds of Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia and the Fundo Social Europeu
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