1,353 research outputs found

    On Maximal Cliques with Connectivity Constraints in Directed Graphs

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    Finding communities in the form of cohesive subgraphs is a fundamental problem in network analysis. In domains that model networks as undirected graphs, communities are generally associated with dense subgraphs, and many community models have been proposed. Maximal cliques are arguably the most widely studied among such models, with early works dating back to the \u2760s, and a continuous stream of research up to the present. In domains that model networks as directed graphs, several approaches for community detection have been proposed, but there seems to be no clear model of cohesive subgraph, i.e., of what a community should look like. We extend the fundamental model of clique to directed graphs, adding the natural constraint of strong connectivity within the clique. We characterize the problem by giving a tight bound for the number of such cliques in a graph, and highlighting useful structural properties. We then exploit these properties to produce the first algorithm with polynomial delay for enumerating maximal strongly connected cliques

    Sublinear-Space Bounded-Delay Enumeration for Massive Network Analytics: Maximal Cliques

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    Due to the sheer size of real-world networks, delay and space become quite relevant measures for the cost of enumeration in network analytics. This paper presents efficient algorithms for listing maximum cliques in networks, providing the first sublinear-space bounds with guaranteed delay per enumerated clique, thus comparing favorably with the known literature

    Enumeration of s-d Separators in DAGs with Application to Reliability Analysis in Temporal Graphs

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    Another Time-Complexity Analysis for Maximal Clique Enumeration Algorithm CLIQUES

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    We revisit the maximal clique enumeration algorithm CLIQUES that appeared in Theoretical Computer Science 2006. It is proved to work in O(3n/3)-time in the worst-case for an n vertex graph. In this note, we extend the time-complexity analysis with respect to the number of maximal cliques, an issue that was left as an open problem since TCS 2006

    Listing Subgraphs by Cartesian Decomposition

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    We investigate a decomposition technique for listing problems in graphs and set systems. It is based on the Cartesian product of some iterators, which list the solutions of simpler problems. Our ideas applies to several problems, and we illustrate one of them in depth, namely, listing all minimum spanning trees of a weighted graph G. Here iterators over the spanning trees for unweighted graphs can be obtained by a suitable modification of the listing algorithm by [Shioura et al., SICOMP 1997], and the decomposition of G is obtained by suitably partitioning its edges according to their weights. By combining these iterators in a Cartesian product scheme that employs Gray coding, we give the first algorithm which lists all minimum spanning trees of G in constant delay, where the delay is the time elapsed between any two consecutive outputs. Our solution requires polynomial preprocessing time and uses polynomial space
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