507 research outputs found

### Jordan-Wigner Approach to Dynamic Correlations in 2D Spin-1/2 Models

We discuss the dynamic properties of the square-lattice spin-1/2 XY model
obtained using the two-dimensional Jordan-Wigner fermionization approach. We
argue the relevancy of the fermionic picture for interpreting the neutron
scattering measurements in the two-dimensional frustrated quantum magnet
Cs_2CuCl_4.Comment: Presented at 12-th Czech and Slovak Conference on Magnetism,
Ko\v{s}ice, 12-15 July 200

### Spin wave theory for antiferromagnetic XXZ spin model on a triangle lattice in the presence of an external magnetic field

Spin wave theory is applied to a quantum antiferromagnetic XXZ model on a
triangle lattice in the presence of an in-plane magnetic field. The effect of
the field is found to enhance the quantum fluctuation and to reduce the
sublattice magnetization at the intermediate field strength in the anisotropic
case. The possible implication to the field driven quantum phase transition
from a spin solid to a spin liquid is discussed.Comment: 5 pages,4 figure

### Quantum renormalization of high energy excitations in the 2D Heisenberg antiferromagnet

We find using Monte Carlo simulations of the spin-1/2 2D square lattice
nearest neighbour quantum Heisenberg antiferromagnet that the high energy peak
locations at (pi,0) and (pi/2,pi/2) differ by about 6%, (pi/2,pi/2) being the
highest. This is a deviation from linear spin wave theory which predicts equal
magnon energies at these points.Comment: Final version, Latex using iopart & epsfi

### The Quasi-1D S=1/2 Antiferromagnet Cs2CuCl4 in a Magnetic Field

Magnetic excitations of the quasi-1D S=1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet (HAF)
Cs2CuCl4 have been measured as a function of magnetic field using neutron
scattering. For T<0.62 K and B=0 T the weak inter-chain coupling produces 3D
incommensurate ordering. Fields greater than Bc =1.66 T, but less than the
field (~8 T) required to fully align the spins, are observed to decouple the
chains, and the system enters a disordered intermediate-field phase (IFP). The
IFP excitations are in agreement with the predictions of Muller et al. for the
1D S=1/2 HAF, and Talstra and Haldane for the related 1/r^2 chain (the
Haldane-Shastry model). This behaviour is inconsistent with linear spin-wave
theory.Comment: 10 pages, 4 encapsulated postscript figures, LaTeX, to be published
in PRL, e-mail comments to [email protected]

### Magnetoacoustics of the Low-Dimensional Quantum Antiferromagnet Cs2CuCl4 with Spin Frustration

We report on results of sound-velocity and sound-attenuation measurements in the triangular-lattice spin-1/2 antiferromagnet Csâ‚‚CuClâ‚„ (T<sub>N</sub> = 0.6 K), in external magnetic fields up to 14 T, applied along the <em>b</em> axis, and at temperatures down to 300 mK. The results are analyzed with a quasi-two-dimensional hard-core boson theory based on exchange-striction coupling. There is a good qualitative agreement between theoretical and experimental results.Citation: Sytcheva, A. et al. (2010). 'Magnetoacoustics of the low-dimensional quantum antiferromagnet Csâ‚‚CuClâ‚„', Journal of Low Temperature Physics, 159(1-2), 109-113. [Available at http://www.springer.com/materials/journal/10909]. Â© The Authors 2010. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License which permits any non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original authors and source are credited.

### Magnetic phase transitions in the two-dimensional frustrated quantum antiferromagnet Cs2CuCl4

We report magnetization and specific heat measurements in the 2D frustrated
spin-1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet Cs2CuCl4 at temperatures down to 0.05 K and
high magnetic fields up to 11.5 T applied along a, b and c-axes. The low-field
susceptibility chi (T) M/B shows a broad maximum around 2.8 K characteristic of
short-range antiferromagnetic correlations and the overall temperature
dependence is well described by high temperature series expansion calculations
for the partially frustrated triangular lattice with J=4.46 K and J'/J=1/3. At
much lower temperatures (< 0.4 K) and in in-plane field (along b and c-axes)
several new intermediate-field ordered phases are observed in-between the
low-field incommensurate spiral and the high-field saturated ferromagnetic
state. The ground state energy extracted from the magnetization curve shows
strong zero-point quantum fluctuations in the ground state at low and
intermediate fields

### Quasiparticle Breakdown and Spin Hamiltonian of the Frustrated Quantum Pyrochlore Yb$_2$Ti$_2$O$_7$ in Magnetic Field

The frustrated pyrochlore magnet Yb$_2$Ti$_2$O$_7$ has the remarkable
property that it orders magnetically, but has no propagating magnons over wide
regions of the Brillouin zone. Here we use inelastic neutron scattering to
follow how the spectrum evolves in cubic-axis magnetic fields. At high fields
we observe in addition to dispersive magnons also a two-magnon continuum, which
grows in intensity upon reducing the field and overlaps with the one-magnon
states at intermediate fields leading to strong renormalization of the
dispersion relations, and magnon decays. Using heat capacity measurements we
find that the low and high field regions are smoothly connected with no sharp
phase transition, with the spin gap increasing monotonically in field. Through
fits to an extensive data set we re-evaluate the spin Hamiltonian finding
dominant quantum exchange terms, which we propose are responsible for the
anomalously strong fluctuations and quasiparticle breakdown effects observed at
low fields.Comment: 5 pages main text + 19 pages supplemental materia

### Finite-temperature perturbation theory for quasi-one-dimensional spin-1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnets

We develop a finite-temperature perturbation theory for quasi-one-dimensional
quantum spin systems, in the manner suggested by H.J. Schulz (1996) and use
this formalism to study their dynamical response. The corrections to the
random-phase approximation formula for the dynamical magnetic susceptibility
obtained with this method involve multi-point correlation functions of the
one-dimensional theory on which the random-phase approximation expansion is
built. This ``anisotropic'' perturbation theory takes the form of a systematic
high-temperature expansion. This formalism is first applied to the estimation
of the N\'eel temperature of S=1/2 cubic lattice Heisenberg antiferromagnets.
It is then applied to the compound Cs$_2$CuCl$_4$, a frustrated S=1/2
antiferromagnet with a Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya anisotropy. Using the next leading
order to the random-phase approximation, we determine the improved values for
the critical temperature and incommensurability. Despite the non-universal
character of these quantities, the calculated values are different by less than
a few percent from the experimental values for both compounds.Comment: 11 pages, 6 figure

### Unconventional magnetic order on the hyperhoneycomb Kitaev lattice in $\beta$-Li2IrO3: full solution via magnetic resonant x-ray diffraction

The recently-synthesized iridate $\beta$-Li$_2$IrO$_3$ has been proposed as a
candidate to display novel magnetic behavior stabilized by frustration effects
from bond-dependent, anisotropic interactions (Kitaev model) on a
three-dimensional "hyperhoneycomb" lattice. Here we report a combined study
using neutron powder diffraction and magnetic resonant x-ray diffraction to
solve the complete magnetic structure. We find a complex, incommensurate
magnetic order with non-coplanar and counter-rotating Ir moments, which
surprisingly shares many of its features with the related structural polytype
"stripyhoneycomb" $\gamma$-Li$_2$IrO$_3$, where dominant Kitaev interactions
have been invoked to explain the stability of the observed magnetic structure.
The similarities of behavior between those two structural polytypes, which have
different global lattice topologies but the same local connectivity, is
strongly suggestive that the same magnetic interactions and the same underlying
mechanism governs the stability of the magnetic order in both materials,
indicating that both $\beta$- and $\gamma$-Li$_2$IrO$_3$ are strong candidates
to realize dominant Kitaev interactions in a solid state material.Comment: 14 pages, 9 figure

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