158 research outputs found

    Spin-orbit coupled Bose-Einstein condensates in a double well

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    We study the quantum dynamics of a spin-orbit (SO) coupled Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) in a double-well potential inspired by the experimental protocol recently developed by NIST group. We focus on the regime where the number of atoms is very large and perform a two-mode approximation. An analytical solution of the two-site Bose-Hubbard-like Hamiltonian is found for several limiting cases, which range from a strong Raman coupling to a strong Josephson coupling, ending with the complete model in the presence of weak nonlinear interactions. Depending on the particular limit, different approaches are chosen: a mapping onto an SU(2) spin problem together with a Holstein-Primakoff transformation in the first two cases and a rotating wave approximation (RWA) when dealing with the complete model. The quantum evolution of the number difference of bosons with equal or different spin between the two wells is investigated in a wide range of parameters; finally the corresponding total atomic current and the spin current are computed. We show a spin Josephson effect which could be detected in experiments and employed to build up realistic devices.Comment: 18 page

    Incompressible states of a two-component Fermi gas in a double-well optical lattice

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    We propose a scheme to investigate the effect of frustration on the magnetic phase transitions of cold atoms confined in an optical lattice. We also demonstrate how to get two-leg spin ladders with frustrated spin-exchange coupling which display a phase transition from a spin liquid to a fully incompressible state. Various experimental quantities are further analyzed for describing this phase.Comment: 10 pages, 7 figures. Published in Phys. Rev.

    Fractional quantization of the topological charge pumping in a one-dimensional superlattice

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    A one-dimensional quantum charge pump transfers a quantized charge in each pumping cycle. This quantization is topologically robust being analogous to the quantum Hall effect. The charge transferred in a fraction of the pumping period is instead generally unquantized. We show, however, that with specific symmetries in parameter space the charge transferred at well-defined fractions of the pumping period is quantized as integer fractions of the Chern number. We illustrate this in a one-dimensional Harper-Hofstadter model and show that the fractional quantization of the topological charge pumping is independent of the specific boundary conditions taken into account. We further discuss the relevance of this phenomenon for cold atomic gases in optical superlattices.Comment: 8 pages, 7 figures, new material adde

    Nonequilibrium properties of an atomic quantum dot coupled to a Bose-Einstein condensate

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    We study nonequilibrium properties of an atomic quantum dot (AQD) coupled to a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) within Keldysh-Green's function formalism when the AQD level is varied harmonically in time. Nonequilibrium features in the AQD energy absorption spectrum are the side peaks that develop as an effect of photon absorption and emission. We show that atoms can be efficiently transferred from the BEC into the AQD for the parameter regime of current experiments with cold atoms.Comment: 8 pages, 2 figures, to appear in the special issue "Novel Quantum Phases and Mesoscopic Physics in Quantum Gases" of The European Physical Journal - Special Topic

    Superfluidity and Anderson localisation for a weakly interacting Bose gas in a quasiperiodic potential

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    Using exact diagonalisation and Density Matrix Renormalisation group (DMRG) approach, we analyse the transition to a localised state of a weakly interacting quasi-1D Bose gas subjected to a quasiperiodic potential. The analysis is performed by calculating the superfluid fraction, density profile, momentum distribution and visibility for different periodicities of the second lattice and in the presence (or not) of a weak repulsive interaction. It is shown that the transition is sharper towards the maximally incommensurate ratio between the two lattice periodicities, and shifted to higher values of the second lattice strength by weak repulsive interactions. We also relate our results to recent experiments.Comment: 12 pages, 9 figures, RevTeX

    Polar bosons in one-dimensional disordered optical lattices

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    We analyze the effects of disorder and quasi-disorder on the ground-state properties of ultra-cold polar bosons in optical lattices. We show that the interplay between disorder and inter-site interactions leads to rich phase diagrams. A uniform disorder leads to a Haldane-insulator phase with finite parity order, whereas the density-wave phase becomes a Bose-glass at very weak disorder. For quasi-disorder, the Haldane insulator connects with a gapped generalized incommesurate density wave without an intermediate critical region.Comment: 5 pages + 2 pages, 8 figure

    Quantum Bose Josephson Junction with binary mixtures of BECs

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    We study the quantum behaviour of a binary mixture of Bose-Einstein condensates (BEC) in a double-well potential starting from a two-mode Bose-Hubbard Hamiltonian. We focus on the small tunneling amplitude regime and apply perturbation theory up to second order. Analytical expressions for the energy eigenvalues and eigenstates are obtained. Then the quantum evolution of the number difference of bosons between the two potential wells is fully investigated for two different initial conditions: completely localized states and coherent spin states. In the first case both the short and the long time dynamics is studied and a rich behaviour is found, ranging from small amplitude oscillations and collapses and revivals to coherent tunneling. In the second case the short-time scale evolution of number difference is determined and a more irregular dynamics is evidenced. Finally, the formation of Schroedinger cat states is considered and shown to affect the momentum distribution.Comment: 14 pages, 4 figure

    Persisting Meissner state and incommensurate phases of hard-core boson ladders in a flux

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    The phase diagram of a half-filled hard core boson two-leg ladder in a flux is investigated by means of numerical simulations based on the Density Matrix Renormalization Group (DMRG) algorithm and bosonization. We calculate experimentally accessible observables such as the momentum distribution, as well as rung current, density wave and bond-order wave correlation functions, allowing us to identify the Mott Meissner and Mott Vortex states. We follow the transition from commensurate Meissner to incommensurate Vortex state at increasing interchain hopping till the critical value [Piraud et al. Phys. Rev. B v. 91, p. 140406 (2015)] above which the Meissner state is stable at any flux. For flux close to π\pi, and below the critical hopping, we observe the formation of a second incommensuration in the Mott Vortex state that could be detectable in current experiments.Comment: RevTeX 4, 5 pages + 8 pages supplemental, 6 EPS figures; (v2) references added, corrected the discussion of the Meissner state at high interchain hoppin
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