5 research outputs found

    Photometric studies of some starburst galaxies

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    We present the results of a detailed morphological analysis of ten starburst galaxies selected from the Markarian catalogue of uv-excess objects. CCD surface photometry of these galaxies was carried out based on observations made in B, V (Johnson) and R, I (Kron-Cousins) band passes. We present the radial variations of surface brightness, ellipticity, position angle and the colour indices for each galaxy obtained using ellipse fitting isophotal analysis. The residual images constructed for extracting the fine structure are also presented. A variety of morphological types are found to host the starburst phenomenon. The star formation activity is not confined to the nuclear region alone, but it also occurs at various locations in the galaxy and is seen as clumpy regions. The colour index and the residual images are used for deriving information about the sites of enhanced star formation activity and the triggers of the starburst. The luminosity profiles show an exponential behaviour in the outer region. The disk scale lengths and the half-light radii are derived. The contribution of the burst component has been estimated and the colours of the burst component are presented. Strong isophotal twisting is detected in all the S0 and E galaxies: Mrk 1002, Mrk 1308 and Mrk 14, in the sample. This is accompanied by boxiness in some cases, suggesting that a merger is responsible for the starburst activity in these galaxies. In case of isolated spirals, a bar or a central oval distortion appear to be the likely trigger for the starburst.Comment: 12 pages of text and 28 figures. Uses aastex. To be published in A&A

    Spiral-like Light Profiles but Elliptical-like Kinematics in Mergers of Galaxies

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    It is commonly accepted that a merger of two spiral galaxies results in a remnant with an elliptical-like surface-brightness profile. Surprisingly, our recent study (Chitre & Jog 2002) of the 2MASS data for twenty-seven advanced mergers of galaxies has shown that half of these have a light distribution that decreases exponentially with radius. Such a distribution normally characterizes a rotationally supported disk in a spiral galaxy. Here we show from kinematic data for two of these mergers, Arp 224 and Arp 214, that the main support against gravitational collapse comes from pressure due to random motion of stars as seen in an elliptical galaxy rather than from rotation. The origin of the unusual combination of properties seen here is a puzzle. The standard theoretical N-body models in the literature cannot account for these systems. Further observational and dynamical studies of this new class of merger remnants are needed, and would be important for understanding merger dynamics and galaxy evolution.Comment: 13 pages, 2 .eps figures, To appear in A & A Letters, Vol. 393, October 200