4,567 research outputs found

### Application of convolve-multiply-convolve SAW processor for satellite communications

There is a need for a satellite communications receiver than can perform simultaneous multi-channel processing of single channel per carrier (SCPC) signals originating from various small (mobile or fixed) earth stations. The number of ground users can be as many as 1000. Conventional techniques of simultaneously processing these signals is by employing as many RF-bandpass filters as the number of channels. Consequently, such an approach would result in a bulky receiver, which becomes impractical for satellite applications. A unique approach utilizing a realtime surface acoustic wave (SAW) chirp transform processor is presented. The application of a Convolve-Multiply-Convolve (CMC) chirp transform processor is described. The CMC processor transforms each input channel into a unique timeslot, while preserving its modulation content (in this case QPSK). Subsequently, each channel is individually demodulated without the need of input channel filters. Circuit complexity is significantly reduced, because the output frequency of the CMC processor is common for all input channel frequencies. The results of theoretical analysis and experimental results are in good agreement

### Statistically Preserved Structures and Anomalous Scaling in Turbulent Active Scalar Advection

The anomalous scaling of correlation functions in the turbulent statistics of
active scalars (like temperature in turbulent convection) is understood in
terms of an auxiliary passive scalar which is advected by the same turbulent
velocity field. While the odd-order correlation functions of the active and
passive fields differ, we propose that the even-order correlation functions are
the same to leading order (up to a trivial multiplicative factor). The leading
correlation functions are statistically preserved structures of the passive
scalar decaying problem, and therefore universality of the scaling exponents of
the even-order correlations of the active scalar is demonstrated.Comment: 4 pages, 5 figures, submitted to Phys. Rev. Let

### A centrosomal target of human t-cell leukemia virus oncoprotein tax

published_or_final_versio

### Near-Field Noise Computation for a Supersonic Circular Jet

A fully expanded, high-Reynolds-number, supersonic circular jet of Mach number 1.4 is simulated, using a 3-D finite-volume Navier-Stokes solver, with emphasis on the near field noise. The numerical results are generally in good agreement with existing experimental findings

### Passive Scalar: Scaling Exponents and Realizability

An isotropic passive scalar field $T$ advected by a rapidly-varying velocity
field is studied. The tail of the probability distribution $P(\theta,r)$ for
the difference $\theta$ in $T$ across an inertial-range distance $r$ is found
to be Gaussian. Scaling exponents of moments of $\theta$ increase as $\sqrt{n}$
or faster at large order $n$, if a mean dissipation conditioned on $\theta$ is
a nondecreasing function of $|\theta|$. The $P(\theta,r)$ computed numerically
under the so-called linear ansatz is found to be realizable. Some classes of
gentle modifications of the linear ansatz are not realizable.Comment: Substantially revised to conform with published version. Revtex (4
pages) with 2 postscript figures. Send email to [email protected]

### High-Order Contamination in the Tail of Gravitational Collapse

It is well known that the late-time behaviour of gravitational collapse is
{\it dominated} by an inverse power-law decaying tail. We calculate {\it
higher-order corrections} to this power-law behaviour in a spherically
symmetric gravitational collapse. The dominant ``contamination'' is shown to
die off at late times as $M^2t^{-4}\ln(t/M)$. This decay rate is much {\it
slower} than has been considered so far. It implies, for instance, that an
`exact' (numerical) determination of the power index to within $\sim 1 %$
requires extremely long integration times of order $10^4 M$. We show that the
leading order fingerprint of the black-hole electric {\it charge} is of order
$Q^2t^{-4}$.Comment: 12 pages, 2 figure

### Probability Density Function of Longitudinal Velocity Increment in Homogeneous Turbulence

Two conditional averages for the longitudinal velocity increment u_r of the
simulated turbulence are calculated: h(u_r) is the average of the increment of
the longitudinal Laplacian velocity field with u_r fixed, while g(u_r) is the
corresponding one of the square of the difference of the gradient of the
velocity field. Based on the physical argument, we suggest the formulae for h
and g, which are quite satisfactorily fitted to the 512^3 DNS data. The
predicted PDF is characterized as
(1) the Gaussian distribution for the small amplitudes,
(2) the exponential distribution for the large ones, and (3) a prefactor
before the exponential function for the intermediate ones.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figures, using RevTeX3.

### Active and Passive Fields in Turbulent Transport: the Role of Statistically Preserved Structures

We have recently proposed that the statistics of active fields (which affect
the velocity field itself) in well-developed turbulence are also dominated by
the Statistically Preserved Structures of auxiliary passive fields which are
advected by the same velocity field. The Statistically Preserved Structures are
eigenmodes of eigenvalue 1 of an appropriate propagator of the decaying
(unforced) passive field, or equivalently, the zero modes of a related
operator. In this paper we investigate further this surprising finding via two
examples, one akin to turbulent convection in which the temperature is the
active scalar, and the other akin to magneto-hydrodynamics in which the
magnetic field is the active vector. In the first example, all the even
correlation functions of the active and passive fields exhibit identical
scaling behavior. The second example appears at first sight to be a
counter-example: the statistical objects of the active and passive fields have
entirely different scaling exponents. We demonstrate nevertheless that the
Statistically Preserved Structures of the passive vector dominate again the
statistics of the active field, except that due to a dynamical conservation law
the amplitude of the leading zero mode cancels exactly. The active vector is
then dominated by the sub-leading zero mode of the passive vector. Our work
thus suggests that the statistical properties of active fields in turbulence
can be understood with the same generality as those of passive fields.Comment: 13 pages, 13 figures, submitted to Phys. Rev.

### Physical Electronics and Surface Physics

Contains reports on one research project.Joint Services Electronics Program (Contract DAAB07-74-C-0630

### Pressure-induced polarization reversal in multiferroic $YMn_2O_5$

The low-temperature ferroelectric polarization of multiferroic $YMn_2O_5$ is
completely reversed at a critical pressure of 10 kbar and the phase transition
from the incommensurate to the commensurate magnetic phase is induced by
pressures above 14 kbar. The high-pressure data correlate with thermal
expansion measurements indicating a significant lattice strain at the
low-temperature transition into the incommensurate phase. The results support
the exchange striction model for the ferroelectricity in multiferroic
$RMn_2O_5$ compounds and they show the importance of magnetic frustration as
well as the spin-lattice coupling

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