2,362 research outputs found

    How to Use Telephone Marketing to Improve Performance of Customers’ Development

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    Diversified information has indicated the technology of Telephone marketing has gradually become matured and popular. The purpose of this study is to research to find out a whole set of Telephone Marketing by which the staffs are able to accomplish their missions to closely talk to the policy holders and further succeed to get their sustained policies through telephone as well as accomplish the results mission of the company

    Modeling the dynamic characteristics of human ossicles

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    The dynamic characteristics of human ossicle responses to stimulus frequencies of 125 Hz, 250 Hz, 500 Hz, 750 Hz, 1 kHz, 2 kHz, 3 kHz, 4 kHz, 5 kHz, 6 kHz, 7 kHz and 8 kHz were analyzed using a 3D image model that was constructed using the finite element method. The 3D image model of the ossicle chain was based on images previously obtained from highresolution computed tomography (CT) scans of the middle ear region of patients. The displacement at the footplate in the 3D model showed essentially no response when the ossicles were subjected to sound stimuli with frequencies above 2 kHz. However, the ossicles responded to sound stimuli with frequencies below 1 kHz, and the vibration of the ossicles was equivalent to the amplitude of the sound stimuli

    Brain mechanisms associated with facial encoding of affective states

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    Affective states are typically accompanied by facial expressions, but these behavioral manifestations are highly variable. Even highly arousing and negative valent experiences, such as pain, show great instability in facial affect encoding. The present study investigated which neural mechanisms are associated with variations in facial affect encoding by focusing on facial encoding of sustained pain experiences. Facial expressions, pain ratings, and brain activity (BOLD-fMRI) during tonic heat pain were recorded in 27 healthy participants. We analyzed facial expressions by using the Facial Action Coding System (FACS) and examined brain activations during epochs of painful stimulation that were accompanied by facial expressions of pain. Epochs of facial expressions of pain were coupled with activity increase in motor areas (M1, premotor and SMA) as well as in areas involved in nociceptive processing, including primary and secondary somatosensory cortex, posterior and anterior insula, and the anterior part of the mid-cingulate cortex. In contrast, prefrontal structures (ventrolateral and medial prefrontal) were less activated during incidences of facial expressions, consistent with a role in down-regulating facial displays. These results indicate that incidences of facial encoding of pain reflect activity within nociceptive pathways interacting or possibly competing with prefrontal inhibitory systems that gate the level of expressiveness

    Key Users and Box Office Analysis in an Interest Based Virtual Community

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    In recent years, with the growth of the Internet technology, the users of virtual community not only play the role of the information receiver but also a very important one to provide information. However, there is large amount of information aggregated daily and therefore information overloading has become a very serious problem. Under this situation, how to find information efficiently is also a very important issue. In this paper, we believe users in a virtual community may affect each other, especially those with high influence who have been called as Key Users. Therefore, we observe the biggest virtual community of movies on the Internet which is named IMDb (The Internet Movie Database). An architecture also has been proposed that combines Social Networks Analysis and the features of IMDb to discover those users who have high influence in the virtual community. We collected 17 months (January 2010 to May 2011) from IMDb including 17 366 users and 243 074 reviews. By applying the method we proposed, there are about 22 key users and 111 reviews were discovered. We also use the box office of the movies to justify our results

    Fucosyltransferase 1 and 2 play pivotal roles in breast cancer cells.

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    FUT1 and FUT2 encode alpha 1, 2-fucosyltransferases which catalyze the addition of alpha 1, 2-linked fucose to glycans. Glycan products of FUT1 and FUT2, such as Globo H and Lewis Y, are highly expressed on malignant tissues, including breast cancer. Herein, we investigated the roles of FUT1 and FUT2 in breast cancer. Silencing of FUT1 or FUT2 by shRNAs inhibited cell proliferation in vitro and tumorigenicity in mice. This was associated with diminished properties of cancer stem cell (CSC), including mammosphere formation and CSC marker both in vitro and in xenografts. Silencing of FUT2, but not FUT1, significantly changed the cuboidal morphology to dense clusters of small and round cells with reduced adhesion to polystyrene and extracellular matrix, including laminin, fibronectin and collagen. Silencing of FUT1 or FUT2 suppressed cell migration in wound healing assay, whereas FUT1 and FUT2 overexpression increased cell migration and invasion in vitro and metastasis of breast cancer in vivo. A decrease in mesenchymal like markers such as fibronectin, vimentin, and twist, along with increased epithelial like marker, E-cadherin, was observed upon FUT1/2 knockdown, while the opposite was noted by overexpression of FUT1 or FUT2. As expected, FUT1 or FUT2 knockdown reduced Globo H, whereas FUT1 or FUT2 overexpression showed contrary effects. Exogenous addition of Globo H-ceramide reversed the suppression of cell migration by FUT1 knockdown but not the inhibition of cell adhesion by FUT2 silencing, suggesting that at least part of the effects of FUT1/2 knockdown were mediated by Globo H. Our results imply that FUT1 and FUT2 play important roles in regulating growth, adhesion, migration and CSC properties of breast cancer, and may serve as therapeutic targets for breast cancer

    Hepatic hydrothorax after blunt chest trauma

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    AbstractWe report a successful treatment result in a rare case of hepatitis C virus-related cirrhosis, who had sustained hydrothorax after blunt thoracoabdominal trauma. This was a female patient with liver cirrhosis, Child–Turcotte–Pugh class A, without ascites before injury. She sustained blunt thoracoabdominal trauma with a left clavicle fracture dislocation and right rib fractures. There was no hemopneumothorax at initial presentation. However, dyspnea and right pleural effusion developed gradually. We inserted a chest tube to relieve the patient's symptoms, and the daily drainage amount remained consistent. Hepatic hydrothorax was confirmed by the intraperitoneal injection of radioisotope 99mTc-sulfur colloid that demonstrated one-way transdiaphragmatic flow of fluid from the peritoneal cavity to pleural cavities. Finally, the hydrothorax was treated successfully by minocycline-induced pleural symphysis. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of hepatic hydrothorax developed after thoracoabdominal trauma

    Effects of phthalate exposure on asthma may be mediated through alterations in DNA methylation

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    Background: phthalates may increase the asthma risk in children. Mechanisms underlying this association remain to be addressed. This study assesses the effect of phthalate exposures on epigenetic changes and the role of epigenetic changes for asthma. In the first step, urine and blood samples from 256 children of the Childhood Environment and Allergic diseases Study (CEAS) were analyzed. Urine 5OH-MEHP levels were quantified as an indicator of exposure, and asthma information was collected. DNA methylation (DNA-M) was measured by quantitative PCR. In the screening part of step 1, DNA-M of 21 potential human candidate genes suggested by a toxicogenomic data were investigated in 22 blood samples. Then, in the testing part of step 1, positively screened genes were tested in a larger sample of 256 children and then validated by protein measurements. In step 2, we replicated the association between phthalate exposure and gene-specific DNA-M in 54 children in the phthalate contaminated food event. In step 3, the risk of DNA-M for asthma was tested in 256 children from CEAS and corroborated in 270 children from the Isle of Wight (IOW) birth cohort. Results: differential methylation in three genes (AR, TNF?, and IL-4) was identified through screening. Testing in 256 children showed that methylation of the TNF? gene promoter was lower when children had higher urine 5OH-MEHP values (??=??0.138, P?=?0.040). Functional validation revealed that TNF? methylation was inversely correlated with TNF? protein levels (??=??0.18, P?=?0.041). In an additional sample of 54 children, we corroborated that methylation of the TNF? gene promoter was lower when urine 5OH-MEHP concentrations were higher. Finally, we found that a lower methylation of 5?CGI region of TNF? was associated with asthma in 256 CEAS children (OR?=?2.15, 95% CI?=?1.01 to 4.62). We replicated this in 270 children from the IOW birth cohort study. Methylation of the CpG site cg10717214 was negatively associated with asthma, when children had ‘AA’ or ‘AG’ genotype of the TNF? single nucleotide rs1800610. Conclusions: effects of phthalate exposure on asthma may be mediated through alterations in DNA methylatio
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