115,305 research outputs found

### Circumferences of 3-connected claw-free graphs, II

For a graph H , the circumference of H , denoted by c ( H ) , is the length of a longest cycle in H . It is proved in Chen (2016) that if H is a 3-connected claw-free graph of order n with δ ≥ 8 , then c ( H ) ≥ min { 9 δ − 3 , n } . In Li (2006), Li conjectured that every 3-connected k -regular claw-free graph H of order n has c ( H ) ≥ min { 10 k − 4 , n } . Later, Li posed an open problem in Li (2008): how long is the best possible circumference for a 3-connected regular claw-free graph? In this paper, we study the circumference of 3-connected claw-free graphs without the restriction on regularity and provide a solution to the conjecture and the open problem above. We determine five families F i ( 1 ≤ i ≤ 5 ) of 3-connected claw-free graphs which are characterized by graphs contractible to the Petersen graph and show that if H is a 3-connected claw-free graph of order n with δ ≥ 16 , then one of the following holds:
(a) either c ( H ) ≥ min { 10 δ − 3 , n } or H ∈ F 1 .
(b) either c ( H ) ≥ min { 11 δ − 7 , n } or H ∈ F 1 ∪ F 2 .
(c) either c ( H ) ≥ min { 11 δ − 3 , n } or H ∈ F 1 ∪ F 2 ∪ F 3 .
(d) either c ( H ) ≥ min { 12 δ − 10 , n } or H ∈ F 1 ∪ F 2 ∪ F 3 ∪ F 4 .
(e) if δ ≥ 23 then either c ( H ) ≥ min { 12 δ − 7 , n } or H ∈ F 1 ∪ F 2 ∪ F 3 ∪ F 4 ∪ F 5 .
This is also an improvement of the prior results in Chen (2016), Lai et al. (2016), Li et al. (2009) and Mathews and Sumner (1985)

### Degree and neighborhood conditions for hamiltonicity of claw-free graphs

For a graph H , let σ t ( H ) = min { Σ i = 1 t d H ( v i ) | { v 1 , v 2 , … , v t } is an independent set in H } and let U t ( H ) = min { | ⋃ i = 1 t N H ( v i ) | | { v 1 , v 2 , ⋯ , v t } is an independent set in H } . We show that for a given number ϵ and given integers p ≥ t \u3e 0 , k ∈ { 2 , 3 } and N = N ( p , ϵ ) , if H is a k -connected claw-free graph of order n \u3e N with δ ( H ) ≥ 3 and its Ryjác̆ek’s closure c l ( H ) = L ( G ) , and if d t ( H ) ≥ t ( n + ϵ ) ∕ p where d t ( H ) ∈ { σ t ( H ) , U t ( H ) } , then either H is Hamiltonian or G , the preimage of L ( G ) , can be contracted to a k -edge-connected K 3 -free graph of order at most max { 4 p − 5 , 2 p + 1 } and without spanning closed trails. As applications, we prove the following for such graphs H of order n with n sufficiently large:
(i) If k = 2 , δ ( H ) ≥ 3 , and for a given t ( 1 ≤ t ≤ 4 ), then either H is Hamiltonian or c l ( H ) = L ( G ) where G is a graph obtained from K 2 , 3 by replacing each of the degree 2 vertices by a K 1 , s ( s ≥ 1 ). When t = 4 and d t ( H ) = σ 4 ( H ) , this proves a conjecture in Frydrych (2001).
(ii) If k = 3 , δ ( H ) ≥ 24 , and for a given t ( 1 ≤ t ≤ 10 ) d t ( H ) \u3e t ( n + 5 ) 10 , then H is Hamiltonian. These bounds on d t ( H ) in (i) and (ii) are sharp. It unifies and improves several prior results on conditions involved σ t and U t for the hamiltonicity of claw-free graphs. Since the number of graphs of orders at most max { 4 p − 5 , 2 p + 1 } are fixed for given p , improvements to (i) or (ii) by increasing the value of p are possible with the help of a computer

### Spanning Eulerian subgraphs and Catlin’s reduced graphs

A graph G is collapsible if for every even subset R ⊆ V (G), there is a spanning connected subgraph HR of G whose set of odd degree vertices is R. A graph is reduced if it has no nontrivial collapsible subgraphs. Catlin [4] showed that the existence of spanning Eulerian subgraphs in a graph G can be determined by the reduced graph obtained from G by contracting all the collapsible subgraphs of G. In this paper, we present a result on 3-edge-connected reduced graphs of small orders. Then, we prove that a 3-edge-connected graph G of order n either has a spanning Eulerian subgraph or can be contracted to the Petersen graph if G satisfies one of the following:
(i) d(u) + d(v) \u3e 2(n/15 − 1) for any uv 6∈ E(G) and n is large;
(ii) the size of a maximum matching in G is at most 6;
(iii) the independence number of G is at most 5.
These are improvements of prior results in [16], [18], [24] and [25]

### Robust 3D Action Recognition through Sampling Local Appearances and Global Distributions

3D action recognition has broad applications in human-computer interaction
and intelligent surveillance. However, recognizing similar actions remains
challenging since previous literature fails to capture motion and shape cues
effectively from noisy depth data. In this paper, we propose a novel two-layer
Bag-of-Visual-Words (BoVW) model, which suppresses the noise disturbances and
jointly encodes both motion and shape cues. First, background clutter is
removed by a background modeling method that is designed for depth data. Then,
motion and shape cues are jointly used to generate robust and distinctive
spatial-temporal interest points (STIPs): motion-based STIPs and shape-based
STIPs. In the first layer of our model, a multi-scale 3D local steering kernel
(M3DLSK) descriptor is proposed to describe local appearances of cuboids around
motion-based STIPs. In the second layer, a spatial-temporal vector (STV)
descriptor is proposed to describe the spatial-temporal distributions of
shape-based STIPs. Using the Bag-of-Visual-Words (BoVW) model, motion and shape
cues are combined to form a fused action representation. Our model performs
favorably compared with common STIP detection and description methods. Thorough
experiments verify that our model is effective in distinguishing similar
actions and robust to background clutter, partial occlusions and pepper noise

### An elastic net orthogonal forward regression algorithm

In this paper we propose an efficient two-level model identification method for a large class of linear-in-the-parameters models from the observational data. A new elastic net orthogonal forward regression (ENOFR) algorithm is employed at the lower level to carry out simultaneous model selection and elastic net parameter estimation. The two regularization parameters in the elastic net are optimized using a particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm at the upper level by minimizing the leave one out (LOO) mean square error (LOOMSE). Illustrative examples are included to demonstrate the effectiveness of the new approaches

### Quantized Consensus ADMM for Multi-Agent Distributed Optimization

Multi-agent distributed optimization over a network minimizes a global
objective formed by a sum of local convex functions using only local
computation and communication. We develop and analyze a quantized distributed
algorithm based on the alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM) when
inter-agent communications are subject to finite capacity and other practical
constraints. While existing quantized ADMM approaches only work for quadratic
local objectives, the proposed algorithm can deal with more general objective
functions (possibly non-smooth) including the LASSO. Under certain convexity
assumptions, our algorithm converges to a consensus within
$\log_{1+\eta}\Omega$ iterations, where $\eta>0$ depends on the local
objectives and the network topology, and $\Omega$ is a polynomial determined by
the quantization resolution, the distance between initial and optimal variable
values, the local objective functions and the network topology. A tight upper
bound on the consensus error is also obtained which does not depend on the size
of the network.Comment: 30 pages, 4 figures; to be submitted to IEEE Trans. Signal
Processing. arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:1307.5561 by other
author

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