1,719 research outputs found

    A Fuzzy Petri Nets Model for Computing With Words

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    Motivated by Zadeh's paradigm of computing with words rather than numbers, several formal models of computing with words have recently been proposed. These models are based on automata and thus are not well-suited for concurrent computing. In this paper, we incorporate the well-known model of concurrent computing, Petri nets, together with fuzzy set theory and thereby establish a concurrency model of computing with words--fuzzy Petri nets for computing with words (FPNCWs). The new feature of such fuzzy Petri nets is that the labels of transitions are some special words modeled by fuzzy sets. By employing the methodology of fuzzy reasoning, we give a faithful extension of an FPNCW which makes it possible for computing with more words. The language expressiveness of the two formal models of computing with words, fuzzy automata for computing with words and FPNCWs, is compared as well. A few small examples are provided to illustrate the theoretical development.Comment: double columns 14 pages, 8 figure

    State-Based Control of Fuzzy Discrete Event Systems

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    To effectively represent possibility arising from states and dynamics of a system, fuzzy discrete event systems as a generalization of conventional discrete event systems have been introduced recently. Supervisory control theory based on event feedback has been well established for such systems. Noting that the system state description, from the viewpoint of specification, seems more convenient, we investigate the state-based control of fuzzy discrete event systems in this paper. We first present an approach to finding all fuzzy states that are reachable by controlling the system. After introducing the notion of controllability for fuzzy states, we then provide a necessary and sufficient condition for a set of fuzzy states to be controllable. We also find that event-based control and state-based control are not equivalent and further discuss the relationship between them. Finally, we examine the possibility of driving a fuzzy discrete event system under control from a given initial state to a prescribed set of fuzzy states and then keeping it there indefinitely.Comment: 14 double column pages; 4 figures; to be published in the IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics--Part B: Cybernetic

    Optimized Hierarchical Power Oscillations Control for Distributed Generation Under Unbalanced Conditions

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    Control structures have critical influences on converter-interfaced distributed generations (DG) under unbalanced conditions. Most of previous works focus on suppressing active power oscillations and ripples of DC bus voltage. In this paper, the relationship between amplitudes of the active power oscillations and the reactive power oscillations are firstly deduced and the hierarchical control of DG is proposed to reduce power oscillations. The hierarchical control consists of primary and secondary levels. Current references are generated in primary control level and the active power oscillations can be suppressed by a dual current controller. Secondary control reduces the active power and reactive power oscillations simultaneously by optimal model aiming for minimum amplitudes of oscillations. Simulation results show that the proposed secondary control with less injecting negative-sequence current than traditional control methods can effectively limit both active power and reactive power oscillations.Comment: Accepted by Applied Energ

    Discovering Fuzzy Functional Dependencies as Semantic Knowledge in Large Databases

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    Fuzzy functional dependency (FFD) is a kind of semantic knowledge and can be discovered from a large volume of business data. Sectional FFD and Attribute FFD are discussed so as to reflect semantics of the business world and express useful information that is natural for people to comprehend. The experimental results on an insurance data set show that the proposed method can extract knowledge efficiently and effectively

    Temporal Association Rule Mining in China’s Closed-end Fund Data

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    Financial market plays an important role in economy. Although funds developed only a few years in China, it has been a focal point in research and practice. The conventional methods analyzing fund data are fundamental analysis and technical analysis. Data mining can extract implicit, previously unknown and potentially useful knowledge from data. This paper presents the new technique to analyze China’s closed-end fund data and temporal association rules (TAR) are discovered which reflect the relationship among open price, close price, trading volume and grail index. Experimental results show some interesting outcomes