210,627 research outputs found

    The Angular Momentum Distribution within Halos in Different Dark Matter Models

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    We study the angular momentum profile of dark matter halos for a statistical sample drawn from a set of high-resolution cosmological simulations of 2563256^3 particles. Two typical Cold Dark Matter (CDM) models have been analyzed, and the halos are selected to have at least 3×1043\times 10^4 particles in order to reliably measure the angular momentum profile. In contrast with the recent claims of Bullock et al., we find that the degree of misalignment of angular momentum within a halo is very high. About 50 percent of halos have more than 10 percent of halo mass in the mass of negative angular momentum jj. After the mass of negative jj is excluded, the cumulative mass function M(<j)M(<j) follows approximately the universal function proposed by Bullock et al., though we still find a significant fraction of halos (50\sim 50%) which exhibit systematic deviations from the universal function. Our results, however, are broadly in good agreement with a recent work of van den Bosch et al.. We also study the angular momentum profile of halos in a Warm Dark Matter (WDM) model and a Self-Interacting Dark Matter (SIDM) model. We find that the angular momentum profile of halos in the WDM is statistically indistinguishable from that in the CDM model, but the angular momentum of halos in the SIDM is reduced by the self-interaction of dark matter.Comment: 23 pages, 10 figures, 2 tables. Revised version, added a new table, accepted for publication in MNRA

    Decay rate of a Wannier exciton in low dimensional systems

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    The superradiant decay rate of Wannier exciton in one dimensional system is studied. The crossover behavior from 1D chain to 2D film is also examined. It is found that the decay rate shows oscillatory dependence on channel width L. When the quasi 1-D channel is embeded with planar microcavities, it is shown that the dark mode exciton can be examined experimentally.Comment: 12 pages, 1 figur

    Undercover EUV Solar Jets Observed by the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph

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    It is well-known that extreme ultraviolet emission emitted at the solar surface is absorbed by overlying cool plasma. Especially in active regions dark lanes in EUV images suggest that much of the surface activity is obscured. Simultaneous observations from IRIS, consisting of UV spectra and slit-jaw images give vital information with sub-arcsecond spatial resolution on the dynamics of jets not seen in EUV images. We studied a series of small jets from recently formed bipole pairs beside the trailing spot of active region 11991, which occurred on 2014 March 5 from 15:02:21 UT to 17:04:07 UT. There were collimated outflows with bright roots in the SJI 1400 {\AA} (transition region) and 2796 {\AA} (upper chromosphere) that were mostly not seen in AIA 304 {\AA} (transition region) and AIA 171 \AA\ (lower corona) images. The Si IV spectra show strong blue-wing but no red-wing enhancements in the line profiles of the ejecta for all recurrent jets indicating outward flows without twists. We see two types of Mg II line profiles produced by the jets spires: reversed and non-reversed. Mg II lines remain optically thick but turn into optically thin in the highly Doppler shifted wings.The energy flux contained in each recurrent jet is estimated using a velocity differential emission measure technique which measures the emitting power of the plasma as a function of line-of-sight velocity. We found that all the recurrent jets release similar energy (108^8 erg cm2^{-2} s1^{-1} ) toward the corona and the downward component is less than 3\%.Comment: Accepted for publication in ApJ, 6 fiugre