26 research outputs found

    The impact of hypoglycaemia on quality of life among adults with type 1 diabetes:Results from “YourSAY: Hypoglycaemia”

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    Aims Research on hypoglycaemia and quality of life (QoL) has focused mostly on severe hypoglycaemia and psychological outcomes, with less known about other aspects of hypoglycaemia (e.g., self-treated episodes) and impacts on other QoL domains (e.g., relationships). Therefore, we examined the impact of all aspects of hypoglycaemia on QoL in adults with type 1 diabetes (T1DM). Methods Participants completed an online survey, including assessment of hypoglycaemia-specific QoL (using the 12-item Hypoglycaemia Impact Profile). Mann-Whitney U tests examined differences in hypoglycaemia-specific QoL by hypoglycaemia frequency, severity, and awareness. Hierarchical linear regression examined associations with QoL. Results Participants were 1028 adults with T1DM (M ± SD age: 47 ± 15 years; diabetes duration: 27 ± 16 years). Severe and self-treated hypoglycaemia and impaired awareness negatively impacted on overall QoL and several QoL domains, including leisure activities, physical health, ability to keep fit/be active, sleep, emotional well-being, spontaneity, independence, work/studies, and dietary freedom. Diabetes distress was most strongly associated with hypoglycaemia-specific QoL, followed by generic emotional well-being, fear of hypoglycaemia, and confidence in managing hypoglycaemia. Hypoglycaemia frequency and awareness were no longer significantly associated with QoL once psychological factors were considered. Conclusions Hypoglycaemia negatively impacts on several QoL domains. Psychological factors supersede the effect of hypoglycaemia frequency and awareness in accounting for this negative impact