51 research outputs found

    On the blow-up structure for the generalized periodic Camassa-Holm and Degasperis-Procesi equations

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    Considered herein are the generalized Camassa-Holm and Degasperis-Procesi equations in the spatially periodic setting. The precise blow-up scenarios of strong solutions are derived for both of equations. Several conditions on the initial data guaranteeing the development of singularities in finite time for strong solutions of these two equations are established. The exact blow-up rates are also determined. Finally, geometric descriptions of these two integrable equations from non-stretching invariant curve flows in centro-equiaffine geometries, pseudo-spherical surfaces and affine surfaces are given.Comment: 26 page

    Massive Thirring Model: Inverse Scattering and Soliton Resolution

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    In this paper the long-time dynamics of the massive Thirring model is investigated. Firstly the nonlinear steepest descent method for Riemann-Hilbert problem is explored to obtain the soliton resolution of the solutions to the massive Thirring model whose initial data belong to some weighted-Sobolev spaces. Secondly, the asymptotic stability of multi-solitons follow as a corollary. The main difficulty in studying the massive Thirring model through inverse scattering is that the corresponding Lax pair has singularities at the origin and infinity. We overcome this difficulty by making use of two transforms that separate the singularities.Comment: arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:2009.04260, arXiv:1907.0711

    A new integrable two-component system with cubic nonlinearity

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    In this paper, a new integrable two-component system, mt=[m(uxvx−uv+uvx−uxv)]x,nt=[n(uxvx−uv+uvx−uxv)]x, where m=u−uxx and n=v−vxx, is proposed. Our system is a generalized version of the integrable system mt=[m(u2x−u2)]x, which was shown having cusped solution (cuspon) and W/M-shape soliton solutions by Qiao [J. Math. Phys. 47, 112701 (2006). The new system is proven integrable not only in the sense of Lax-pair but also in the sense of geometry, namely, it describes pseudospherical surfaces. Accordingly, infinitely many conservation laws are derived through recursion relations. Furthermore, exact solutions such as cuspons and W/M-shape solitons are also obtained

    Solutions to the SU(N\mathcal{N}) self-dual Yang-Mills equation

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    In this paper we aim to derive solutions for the SU(N\mathcal{N}) self-dual Yang-Mills (SDYM) equation with arbitrary N\mathcal{N}. A set of noncommutative relations are introduced to construct a matrix equation that can be reduced to the SDYM equation. It is shown that these relations can be generated from two different Sylvester equations, which correspond to the two Cauchy matrix schemes for the (matrix) Kadomtsev-Petviashvili hierarchy and the (matrix) Ablowitz-Kaup-Newell-Segur hierarchy, respectively. In each Cauchy matrix scheme we investigate the possible reductions that can lead to the SU(N)(\mathcal{N}) SDYM equation and also analyze the physical significance of some solutions, i.e. being Hermitian, positive-definite and of determinant being one.Comment: 26 page

    Talbot effect for the Manakov System on the torus

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    In this paper, the Talbot effect for the multi-component linear and nonlinear systems of the dispersive evolution equations on a bounded interval subject to periodic boundary conditions and discontinuous initial profiles is investigated. Firstly, for a class of two-component linear systems satisfying the dispersive quantization conditions, we discuss the fractal solutions at irrational times. Next, the investigation to nonlinear regime is extended, we prove that, for the concrete example of the Manakov system, the solutions of the corresponding periodic initial-boundary value problem subject to initial data of bounded variation are continuous but nowhere differentiable fractal-like curve with Minkowski dimension 3/23/2 at irrational times. Finally, numerical experiments for the periodic initial-boundary value problem of the Manakov system, are used to justify how such effects persist into the multi-component nonlinear regime. Furthermore, it is shown in the nonlinear multi-component regime that the interplay of different components may induce subtle different qualitative profile between the jump discontinuities, especially in the case that two nonlinearly coupled components start with different initial profile