277 research outputs found

    Three-Body Scattering without Partial Waves

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    The Faddeev equation for three-body scattering at arbitrary energies is formulated in momentum space and directly solved in terms of momentum vectors without employing a partial wave decomposition. In its simplest form the Faddeev equation for identical bosons is a three-dimensional integral equation in five variables, magnitudes of relative momenta and angles. The elastic differential cross section, semi-exclusive d(N,N') cross sections and total cross sections of both elastic and breakup processes in the intermediate energy range up to about 1 GeV are calculated based on a Malfliet-Tjon type potential, and the convergence of the multiple scattering series is investigated in every case. In general a truncation in the first or second order in the two-body t-matrix is quite insufficient.Comment: 3 pages, Oral Contribution to the 19th European Few-Body Conference, Groningen Aug. 23-27, 200

    Model Study of Three-Body Forces in the Three-Body Bound State

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    The Faddeev equations for the three-body bound state with two- and three-body forces are solved directly as three-dimensional integral equation. The numerical feasibility and stability of the algorithm, which does not employ partial wave decomposition is demonstrated. The three-body binding energy and the full wave function are calculated with Malfliet-Tjon-type two-body potentials and scalar Fujita-Miyazawa type three-body forces. The influence of the strength and range of the three-body force on the wave function, single particle momentum distributions and the two-body correlation functions are studied in detail. The extreme case of pure three-body forces is investigated as well.Comment: 25 pages, 15 postscript figure

    Three-Body Scattering Below Breakup Threshold: An Approach without using Partial Waves

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    The Faddeev equation for three-body scattering below the three-body breakup threshold is directly solved without employing a partial wave decomposition. In the simplest form it is a three-dimensional integral equation in four variables. From its solution the scattering amplitude is obtained as function of vector Jacobi momenta. Based on Malfliet-Tjon type potentials differential and total cross sections are calculated. The numerical stability of the algorithm is demonstrated and the properties of the scattering amplitude discussed.Comment: 21 pages, 7 figures included, uses psfig, revised versio

    Two-Body T-Matrices without Angular Momentum Decomposition: Energy and Momentum Dependencies

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    The two-body t-matrix is calculated directly as function of two vector momenta for different Malfliet-Tjon type potentials. At a few hundred MeV projectile energy the total amplitude is quite a smooth function showing only a strong peak in forward direction. In contrast the corresponding partial wave contributions, whose number increases with increasing energy, become more and more oscillatory with increasing energy. The angular and momentum dependence of the full amplitude is studied and displayed on as well as off the energy shell as function of positive and negative energies. The behavior of the t-matrix in the vicinity of bound state poles and resonance poles in the second energy sheet is studied. It is found that the angular dependence of T exhibits a very characteristic behavior in the vicinity of those poles, which is given by the Legendre function corresponding to the quantum number either of the bound state or the resonance (or virtual) state. This behavior is illustrated with numerical examples.Comment: 19 pages (revtex), 15 figure
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