358 research outputs found

    Coherent Orthogonal Polynomials

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    We discuss as a fundamental characteristic of orthogonal polynomials like the existence of a Lie algebra behind them, can be added to their other relevant aspects. At the basis of the complete framework for orthogonal polynomials we put thus --in addition to differential equations, recurrence relations, Hilbert spaces and square integrable functions-- Lie algebra theory. We start here from the square integrable functions on the open connected subset of the real line whose bases are related to orthogonal polynomials. All these one-dimensional continuous spaces allow, besides the standard uncountable basis x>{|x>}, for an alternative countable basis n>{|n>}. The matrix elements that relate these two bases are essentially the orthogonal polynomials: Hermite polynomials for the line and Laguerre and Legendre polynomials for the half-line and the line interval, respectively. Differential recurrence relations of orthogonal polynomials allow us to realize that they determine a unitary representation of a non-compact Lie algebra, whose second order Casimir C{\cal C} gives rise to the second order differential equation that defines the corresponding family of orthogonal polynomials. Thus, the Weyl-Heisenberg algebra h(1)h(1) with C=0{\cal C}=0 for Hermite polynomials and su(1,1)su(1,1) with C=1/4{\cal C}=-1/4 for Laguerre and Legendre polynomials are obtained. Starting from the orthogonal polynomials the Lie algebra is extended both to the whole space of the L2{\cal L}^2 functions and to the corresponding Universal Enveloping Algebra and transformation group. Generalized coherent states from each vector in the space L2{\cal L}^2 and, in particular, generalized coherent polynomials are thus obtained.Comment: 11 page

    Inomogeneous Quantum Groups as Symmetries of Phonons

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    The quantum deformed (1+1) Poincare' algebra is shown to be the kinematical symmetry of the harmonic chain, whose spacing is given by the deformation parameter. Phonons with their symmetries as well as multiphonon processes are derived from the quantum group structure. Inhomogeneous quantum groups are thus proposed as kinematical invariance of discrete systems.Comment: 5 pags. 0 fig

    Heisenberg XXZ Model and Quantum Galilei Group

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    The 1D Heisenberg spin chain with anisotropy of the XXZ type is analyzed in terms of the symmetry given by the quantum Galilei group Gamma_q(1). We show that the magnon excitations and the s=1/2, n-magnon bound states are determined by the algebra. Thus the Gamma_q(1) symmetry provides a description that naturally induces the Bethe Ansatz. The recurrence relations determined by Gamma_q(1) permit to express the energy of the n-magnon bound states in a closed form in terms of Tchebischeff polynomials.Comment: (pag. 10

    Bases in Lie and Quantum Algebras

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    Applications of algebras in physics are related to the connection of measurable observables to relevant elements of the algebras, usually the generators. However, in the determination of the generators in Lie algebras there is place for some arbitrary conventions. The situation is much more involved in the context of quantum algebras, where inside the quantum universal enveloping algebra, we have not enough primitive elements that allow for a privileged set of generators and all basic sets are equivalent. In this paper we discuss how the Drinfeld double structure underlying every simple Lie bialgebra characterizes uniquely a particular basis without any freedom, completing the Cartan program on simple algebras. By means of a perturbative construction, a distinguished deformed basis (we call it the analytical basis) is obtained for every quantum group as the analytical prolongation of the above defined Lie basis of the corresponding Lie bialgebra. It turns out that the whole construction is unique, so to each quantum universal enveloping algebra is associated one and only one bialgebra. In this way the problem of the classification of quantum algebras is moved to the classification of bialgebras. In order to make this procedure more clear, we discuss in detail the simple cases of su(2) and su_q(2).Comment: 16 pages, Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Quantum Theory and Symmetries QTS5 (July 22-28, 2007, Valladolid (Spain)

    Identical Particles and Permutation Group

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    Second quantization is revisited and creation and annihilation operators areshown to be related, on the same footing both to the algebra h(1), and to the superalgebra osp(1|2) that are shown to be both compatible with Bose and Fermi statistics. The two algebras are completely equivalent in the one-mode sector but, because of grading of osp(1|2), differ in the many-particle case. The same scheme is straightforwardly extended to the quantum case h_q(1) and osp_q(1|2).Comment: 8 pages, standard TEX, DFF 205/5/94 Firenz