850 research outputs found

    Dileptons from the strongly-interacting Quark-Gluon Plasma within the Parton-Hadron-String-Dynamics (PHSD) approach

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    Dilepton production in In+In collisions at 158 AGeV is studied within the microscopic Parton-Hadron-Strings Dynamics (PHSD) transport approach, which is based on a dynamical quasiparticle model (DQPM) matched to reproduce lattice QCD results in thermodynamic equilibrium. A comparison to the data of the NA60 Collaboration shows that the low mass dilepton spectra are well described by including a collisional broadening of vector mesons, while the spectra in the intermediate mass range are dominated by off-shell quark-antiquark annihilation in the nonperturbative QGP. In particular, the observed softening of the mT spectra at intermediate masses is reproduced.Comment: talk given at the 21st International Conference on Ultra-Relativistic Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions (Quark Matter 2009), to be published in Nucl.Phys.A, 4 pages, 3 figures, elsarticle styl

    The hot non-perturbative gluon plasma is an almost ideal colored liquid

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    We study properties of a gluon plasma above the critical temperature TcT_c in a generalized quasi-particle approach with a Lorentz spectral function. The model parameters are determined by a fit of the entropy ss to lattice QCD data. The effective degrees of freedom are found to be rather heavy and of a sizeable width. With the spectral width being closely related to the interaction rate, we find a large effective cross section, which is comparable to the typical distance squared of the quasiparticles. This suggests that the system should be viewed as a liquid as also indicated by an estimate of the plasma parameter őď\Gamma. Furthermore, within the quasiparticle approach we find a very low viscosity to entropy ratio, ő∑/s‚ąľ0.2\eta/s \sim 0.2 for T>1.05TcT > 1.05 T_c, supporting the recent conjecture of an almost ideal quark-gluon liquid seen at RHIC.Comment: 4 pages, 2 eps figures, published versio

    Correlations and Equilibration in Relativistic Quantum Systems

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    In this article we study the time evolution of an interacting field theoretical system, i.e. \phi^4-field theory in 2+1 space-time dimensions, on the basis of the Kadanoff-Baym equations for a spatially homogeneous system including the self-consistent tadpole and sunset self-energies. We find that equilibration is achieved only by inclusion of the sunset self-energy. Simultaneously, the time evolution of the scalar particle spectral function is studied for various initial states. We also compare associated solutions of the corresponding Boltzmann equation to the full Kadanoff-Baym theory. This comparison shows that a consistent inclusion of the spectral function has a significant impact on the equilibration rates only if the width of the spectral function becomes larger than 1/3 of the particle mass. Furthermore, based on these findings, the conventional transport of particles in the on-shell quasiparticle limit is extended to particles of finite life time by means of a dynamical spectral function A(X,\vec{p},M^2). The off-shell propagation is implemented in the Hadron-String-Dynamics (HSD) transport code and applied to the dynamics of nucleus-nucleus collisions.Comment: 20 pages, 7 figures to appear in "Nonequilibrium at short time scales - Formation of correlations", edited by K. Morawetz, Springer, Berlin (2003), p16
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