144 research outputs found

    Supervisory Control of Fuzzy Discrete Event Systems

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    In order to cope with situations in which a plant's dynamics are not precisely known, we consider the problem of supervisory control for a class of discrete event systems modelled by fuzzy automata. The behavior of such discrete event systems is described by fuzzy languages; the supervisors are event feedback and can disable only controllable events with any degree. The concept of discrete event system controllability is thus extended by incorporating fuzziness. In this new sense, we present a necessary and sufficient condition for a fuzzy language to be controllable. We also study the supremal controllable fuzzy sublanguage and the infimal controllable fuzzy superlanguage when a given pre-specified desired fuzzy language is uncontrollable. Our framework generalizes that of Ramadge-Wonham and reduces to Ramadge-Wonham framework when membership grades in all fuzzy languages must be either 0 or 1. The theoretical development is accompanied by illustrative numerical examples.Comment: 12 pages, 2 figure

    Observability and Decentralized Control of Fuzzy Discrete Event Systems

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    Fuzzy discrete event systems as a generalization of (crisp) discrete event systems have been introduced in order that it is possible to effectively represent uncertainty, imprecision, and vagueness arising from the dynamic of systems. A fuzzy discrete event system has been modelled by a fuzzy automaton; its behavior is described in terms of the fuzzy language generated by the automaton. In this paper, we are concerned with the supervisory control problem for fuzzy discrete event systems with partial observation. Observability, normality, and co-observability of crisp languages are extended to fuzzy languages. It is shown that the observability, together with controllability, of the desired fuzzy language is a necessary and sufficient condition for the existence of a partially observable fuzzy supervisor. When a decentralized solution is desired, it is proved that there exist local fuzzy supervisors if and only if the fuzzy language to be synthesized is controllable and co-observable. Moreover, the infimal controllable and observable fuzzy superlanguage, and the supremal controllable and normal fuzzy sublanguage are also discussed. Simple examples are provided to illustrate the theoretical development.Comment: 14 pages, 1 figure. to be published in the IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy System

    A Fuzzy Petri Nets Model for Computing With Words

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    Motivated by Zadeh's paradigm of computing with words rather than numbers, several formal models of computing with words have recently been proposed. These models are based on automata and thus are not well-suited for concurrent computing. In this paper, we incorporate the well-known model of concurrent computing, Petri nets, together with fuzzy set theory and thereby establish a concurrency model of computing with words--fuzzy Petri nets for computing with words (FPNCWs). The new feature of such fuzzy Petri nets is that the labels of transitions are some special words modeled by fuzzy sets. By employing the methodology of fuzzy reasoning, we give a faithful extension of an FPNCW which makes it possible for computing with more words. The language expressiveness of the two formal models of computing with words, fuzzy automata for computing with words and FPNCWs, is compared as well. A few small examples are provided to illustrate the theoretical development.Comment: double columns 14 pages, 8 figure

    Similarity-Based Supervisory Control of Discrete Event Systems

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    Due to the appearance of uncontrollable events in discrete event systems, one may wish to replace the behavior leading to the uncontrollability of pre-specified language by some quite similar one. To capture this similarity, we introduce metric to traditional supervisory control theory and generalize the concept of original controllability to \ld-controllability, where \ld indicates the similarity degree of two languages. A necessary and sufficient condition for a language to be \ld-controllable is provided. We then examine some properties of \ld-controllable languages and present an approach to optimizing a realization.Comment: 22 pages, 5 figure

    On the quasi-heredity and the semi-simplicity of cellular algebras

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    AbstractSome simpler homological characterizations of quasi-hereditary algebras inside the class of cellular algebras are presented in terms of cell modules. Moreover, some new criteria for the semi-simplicity of cellular algebras are given by using the cohomology groups of cell modules and simple modules

    State-Based Control of Fuzzy Discrete Event Systems

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    To effectively represent possibility arising from states and dynamics of a system, fuzzy discrete event systems as a generalization of conventional discrete event systems have been introduced recently. Supervisory control theory based on event feedback has been well established for such systems. Noting that the system state description, from the viewpoint of specification, seems more convenient, we investigate the state-based control of fuzzy discrete event systems in this paper. We first present an approach to finding all fuzzy states that are reachable by controlling the system. After introducing the notion of controllability for fuzzy states, we then provide a necessary and sufficient condition for a set of fuzzy states to be controllable. We also find that event-based control and state-based control are not equivalent and further discuss the relationship between them. Finally, we examine the possibility of driving a fuzzy discrete event system under control from a given initial state to a prescribed set of fuzzy states and then keeping it there indefinitely.Comment: 14 double column pages; 4 figures; to be published in the IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics--Part B: Cybernetic
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