90 research outputs found

    A combination of tryptophan, Satureja montana, Tribulus terrestris, Phyllanthus emblica extracts is able to improve sexual quality of life in patient with premature ejaculation

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    Objective: The management of patient affected by premature ejaculation (PE) is nowadays not highly satisfactory. Here, we aimed to evaluate the tolerability and efficacy of a combination of tryptophan, Satureja montana, Tribulus terrestris, Phyllanthus emblica extracts in order to improve sexual quality of life in patients with premature ejaculation. Materials and methods: All patients attending to 5 urological centers from January 2015 to March 2015, due to premature ejaculation were enrolled in this study. At the enrolment visit, all subjects underwent self-administered IIEF-5, Male Sexual Health Questionnaire-Ejaculation Disorder (MSHQ-EjD), PEDT and IELTS (calculated as mean from that perceived by partner and that perceived by patient) and underwent urological visit and laboratory examinations. All patients received one tablet per day of a combination of tryptophan, Satureja montana, Tribulus terrestris, Phyllanthus emblica extracts for 3 months (Group A). After 3 months all patients underwent follow-up visit with the same investigations that have been carried out in the enrolment visit. The results were compared with a cohort of patients enrolled in the same period in another urological center and considered as a control group (Group B). All patients in the control group underwent counseling and sexual behavioral treatment without any pharmacological compound. Results: At the follow-up analysis, significant changes in terms of IELT in the Group A (mean difference: 31.90; p < 0.05) at 3 months and versus Group B at the intergroup analysis (mean difference: 30.30; p < 0.05) were reported. In the group A, significant differences from baseline to last follow-up were observed relative to IIEF-5 (mean difference: 1.04; p < 0.05), PEDT (mean difference: -2.57; p < 0.05) and FSH (mean difference: -16.46; p < 0.05). Conclusion: In conclusion, patients affected by PE may significantly benefit from oral therapy with a combination of tryptophan, Satureja montana, Tribulus terrestris, Phyllanthus emblica extracts in terms of IELT and PEDT scores improvement

    Safe introduction of laparoscopic and retroperitoneoscopic nephrectomy in clinical practice: impact of a modular training program

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    Purpose: To describe and validate a novel modular training scheme (MTS) for trans-peritoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy (LN) and retroperitoneoscopic nephrectomy (RN). Methods: Four consultant urologists attended a Masterclass in âAdvanced Laparoscopic and Robotic Surgery,â certified by the University of Turin (IT). The Masterclass was based on a supervised MTS, which involved progressive, proficiency-based training through nine and seven steps for LN and RN, respectively. After becoming proficient in all the steps, each trainee performed a minimum of five procedures as first operator under direct observation of the mentor in the training centre. Then, each trainee independently performed 10 LN and 10 RN at his home institution. The surgical outcomes were compared with those from a contemporary series of procedures performed by the mentor. Results: All trainees successfully completed the 12-week MTS program. Median number of training cases to become competent in trans-peritoneal LN and RN was 13.0 (IQR 11.5â20.5) and 23.5 (IQR 19.5â32.0), respectively. A significantly higher rate of conversion to open surgery was observed for RNs independently performed by the trainees in their hospital compared to the mentor (p = 0.033). Failure to progress due to difficult anatomical orientation and abdominal wall bleeding during dissection of retroperitoneal space were the most frequent reasons of conversion. Conclusions: A 12-week intensive modular program allows to achieve proficiency in performing independently LN and a RN after a median of 13 and 23.5 cases, respectively. Therefore, these procedures can be safely introduced and implemented in clinical practice within a relatively short time

    Presence and severity of lower urinary tract symptoms are inversely correlated with the risk of prostate cancer on prostate biopsy

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    BACKGROUND: The assessment of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) is common part of urological investigation. Furthermore, patients bother of prostate cancer (PCa) when they are affected of LUTS. This study was aimed to determine whether the presence and severity of LUTS, as assessed by the International Prostate Symptoms Score (IPSS), could help to identify patients at higher risk of prostate cancer (PCa) on prostate biopsy (PBx). In this effort, an initial PCa predictive model was calculated and IPSS was subsequently added. The diagnostic accuracy of both models was compared. METHODS: The analysis of prospectively collected data of patients scheduled for PBx at four academic hospitals between January 2012 and June 2015 was performed. Univariate and multivariate analysis assessed the correlation between the IPSS and the risk of being diagnosed with PCa; Receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC) analysis evaluated the predictive models including or not the IPSS. RESULTS: Of the 1366 enrolled patients, 706 (52%) were diagnosed with PCa. Patients with PCa had a significantly lower IPSS (10.6 +/- 7.4 vs. 12.7 +/- 8.1) than those with benign diagnosis. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age, prostate-specific antigen (PSA), prostate volume and IPSS were the most significant predictors of PBx outcome, (OR 1.61, P=0.001; OR 1.20, P=0.001; OR 0.97, P=0.001; OR 0.74, P=0.004; respectively). ROC curve analysis showed that the addition of IPSS to the predictive model based on age, PSA, DRE and prostate volume significantly improved the model diagnostic accuracy (AUC: 0.776 vs. 0.652; P=0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Presence and severity of LUTS are inversely correlated with the risk of being diagnosed with PCa at PBx. Incorporating the IPSS into predictive models may reduce the risk of unnecessary PBxs.info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersio

    Prognostic accuracy of Prostate Health Index and urinary Prostate Cancer Antigen 3 in predicting pathologic features after radical prostatectomy

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    Objective: To compare the prognostic accuracy of Prostate Health Index (PHI) and Prostate Cancer Antigen 3 in predicting pathologic features in a cohort of patients who underwent radical prostatectomy (RP) for prostate cancer (PCa). Methods and materials: We evaluated 156 patients with biopsy-proven, clinically localized PCa who underwent RP between January 2013 and December 2013 at 2 tertiary care institutions. Blood and urinary specimens were collected before initial prostate biopsy for [-2] pro-prostate-specific antigen (PSA), its derivates, and PCA3 measurements. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were carried out to determine the variables that were potentially predictive of tumor volume >0.5. ml, pathologic Gleason sum 657, pathologically confirmed significant PCa, extracapsular extension, and seminal vesicles invasions. Results: On multivariate analyses and after bootstrapping with 1,000 resampled data, the inclusion of PHI significantly increased the accuracy of a baseline multivariate model, which included patient age, total PSA, free PSA, rate of positive cores, clinical stage, prostate volume, body mass index, and biopsy Gleason score (GS), in predicting the study outcomes. Particularly, to predict tumor volume>0.5, the addition of PHI to the baseline model significantly increased predictive accuracy by 7.9% (area under the receiver operating characteristics curve [AUC] = 89.3 vs. 97.2, P>0.05), whereas PCA3 did not lead to a significant increase.Although both PHI and PCA3 significantly improved predictive accuracy to predict extracapsular extension compared with the baseline model, achieving independent predictor status (all P's<0.01), only PHI led to a significant improvement in the prediction of seminal vesicles invasions (AUC = 92.2, P<0.05 with a gain of 3.6%).In the subset of patients with GS 646, PHI significantly improved predictive accuracy by 7.6% compared with the baseline model (AUC = 89.7 vs. 97.3) to predict pathologically confirmed significant PCa and by 5.9% compared with the baseline model (AUC = 83.1 vs. 89.0) to predict pathologic GS 657. For these outcomes, PCA3 did not add incremental predictive value. Conclusions: In a cohort of patients who underwent RP, PHI is significantly better than PCA3 in the ability to predict the presence of both more aggressive and extended PCa

    Ureteroscopy in pregnant women with complicated colic pain: Is there any risk of premature labor?

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    Objective: Clinical presentation of ureteral stones during pregnancy is generally with renal colic pain. The aim of this study is to present our experience in the management of renal colic during pregnancy in emergency settings. Materials and methods: 208 pregnant patients who presented to emergency department with renal colic pain and underwent ureteroscopy (URS) due to failed conservative therapy were enrolled in the study. Urinary tract stones were diagnosed either with ultrasound (US) examination or during URS. Laser lithotripsy and double J (DJ) stent placement were routinely done in all patients with ureteral stones. The incidence of infective complications and premature uterine contractions (PUC) due to URS were compared. Results: No stone was identified in 36.1% (n = 75) of patients with using US and diagnostic URS. Of the remaining 133 patients, 30 (22.6%) had no stone at US but stones were diagnosed during diagnostic URS. The type of anesthesia had no significant effect on PUC. An increased risk of sepsis and PUC was found in patients with fever at the initial presentation. Interestingly, PUC was more frequent in patients with lower serum magnesium levels. There was a significant correlation with time delay until the intervention and the risk of urosepsis and PUC, individually. Conclusions: Ureteroscopy is a safe option for evaluation of pregnant patients with unresolved renal colic. According to the current findings, timing of the operation is the most important factor affecting the septic risks and abortion threat. Surgical intervention with URS must be planned as soon as possible

    The molecular analysis of BRCA1 and BRCA2: Next-generation sequencing supersedes conventional approaches

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    Abstract Background Accurate and sensitive detection of BRCA 1/2 germ-line mutations is crucial for the clinical management of women affected by breast cancer, for prevention and, notably, also for the identification of at-risk healthy relatives. The most widely used methods for BRCA1 / 2 molecular analysis are Sanger sequencing, and denaturing high performance liquid chromatography (dHPLC) followed by the Sanger method. However, recent findings suggest that next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based approaches may be an efficient tool for diagnostic purposes. In this context, we evaluated the effectiveness of NGS for BRCA gene analysis compared with dHPLC/Sanger sequencing. Methods Seventy women were screened for BRCA1/2 mutations by both dHPLC/Sanger sequencing and NGS, and the data were analyzed using a bioinformatic pipeline. Results Sequence data analysis showed that NGS is more sensitive in detecting BRCA 1/2 variants than the conventional procedure, namely, dHPLC/Sanger. Conclusion Next-generation sequencing is more sensitive, faster, easier to use and less expensive than the conventional Sanger method. Consequently, it is a reliable procedure for the routine molecular screening of the BRCA 1/2 genes

    Artificial intelligence and radiomics in evaluation of kidney lesions: a comprehensive literature review

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    : Radiomics and artificial intelligence (AI) may increase the differentiation of benign from malignant kidney lesions, differentiation of angiomyolipoma (AML) from renal cell carcinoma (RCC), differentiation of oncocytoma from RCC, differentiation of different subtypes of RCC, to predict Fuhrman grade, to predict gene mutation through molecular biomarkers and to predict treatment response in metastatic RCC undergoing immunotherapy. Neural networks analyze imaging data. Statistical, geometrical, textural features derived are giving quantitative data of contour, internal heterogeneity and gray zone features of lesions. A comprehensive literature review was performed, until July 2022. Studies investigating the diagnostic value of radiomics in differentiation of renal lesions, grade prediction, gene alterations, molecular biomarkers and ongoing clinical trials have been analyzed. The application of AI and radiomics could lead to improved sensitivity, specificity, accuracy in detecting and differentiating between renal lesions. Standardization of scanner protocols will improve preoperative differentiation between benign, low-risk cancers and clinically significant renal cancers and holds the premises to enhance the diagnostic ability of imaging tools to characterize renal lesions

    Low serum total testosterone level as a predictor of upstaging and upgrading in low-risk prostate cancer patients meeting the inclusion criteria for active surveillance

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    Active surveillance (AS) is currently a widely accepted treatment option for men with clinically localized prostate cancer (PCa). Several reports have highlighted the association of low serum testosterone levels with high-grade, high-stage PCa. However, the impact of serum testosterone as a predictor of progression in men with low-risk PCa has been little assessed.In this study, we evaluated the association of circulating testosterone concentrations with a staging/grading reclassification in a cohort of low-risk PCa patients meeting the inclusion criteria for the AS protocol but opting for radical prostatectomy.Radical prostatectomy (RP) was performed in 338 patients, eligible for AS according to the following criteria: clinical stage T2a or less, PSApT2) and upgrading (GS≥7; primary Gleason pattern 4) disease. Unfavorable disease was defined as the occurrence of pathological stage>pT2 and predominant Gleason score 4. Total testosterone was measured before surgery.Low serum testosterone levels (<300 ng/dL) were significantly associated with upgrading, upstaging, unfavorable disease and positive surgical margins. The addition of testosterone to a base model, including age, PSA, PSA density, clinical stage and positive cancer involvement in cores, showed a significant independent influence of this variable on upstaging, upgrading and unfavorable disease.In conclusion, our results support the idea that total testosterone should be a selection criterion for inclusion of low-risk PCa patients in AS programs and suggest that testosterone level less than 300 ng/dL should be considered a discouraging factor when a close AS program is considered as treatment option
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