2,812 research outputs found

    Dirichlet Boundary State in Linear Dilaton Background

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    Dirichlet-branes have emerged as important objects in studying nonperturbative string theory. It is important to generalize these objects to more general backgrounds other than the usual flat background. The simplest case is the linear dilaton condensate. The usual Dirichlet boundary condition violates conformal invariance in such a background. We show that by switching on a certain boundary interaction, conformal invariance is restored. An immediate application of this result is to two dimensional string theory.Comment: 6 pages, harvmac, some remarks are modified and one reference is added, formulas remain the sam

    Exact C=1 Boundary Conformal Field Theories

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    We present a solution of the problem of a free massless scalar field on the half line interacting through a periodic potential on the boundary. For a critical value of the period, this system is a conformal field theory with a non-trivial and explicitly calculable S-matrix for scattering from the boundary. Unlike all other exactly solvable conformal field theories, it is non-rational ({\it i.e.} has infinitely many primary fields). It describes the critical behavior of a number of condensed matter systems, including dissipative quantum mechanics and of barriers in ``quantum wires''.Comment: harvmac, 10 pages, PUPT-1432/IASSNS-HEP-93/7

    CT-duality as a local property of the world-sheet

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    In the present article, we study the local features of the world-sheet in the case when probe bosonic string moves in antisymmetric background field. We generalize the geometry of surfaces embedded in space-time to the case when the torsion is present. We define the mean extrinsic curvature for spaces with Minkowski signature and introduce the concept of mean torsion. Its orthogonal projection defines the dual mean extrinsic curvature. In this language, the field equation is just the equality of mean extrinsic curvature and extrinsic mean torsion, which we call CT-duality. To the world-sheet described by this relation we will refer as CT-dual surface.Comment: Latex, 15 pages, 2 Figure

    A class of non-singular gravi-dilaton backgrounds

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    We present a class of static, spherically symmetric, non-singular solutions of the tree-level string effective action, truncated to first order in αâ€Č\alpha'. In the string frame the solutions approach asymptotically (at r→0r\to 0 and r→∞r\to \infty) two different anti-de Sitter configurations, thus interpolating between two maximally symmetric states of different constant curvature. The radial-dependent dilaton defines a string coupling which is everywhere finite, with a peak value that can be chosen arbitrarily small so as to neglect quantum-loop corrections. This example stresses the possible importance of finite-size αâ€Č\alpha' corrections, typical of string theory, in avoiding space-time singularities.Comment: 9 pages, LATEX, four figure included using EPSFIG. Essay written for the 1997 Awards of the Gravity Research Foundation, and selected for "Honorable Mention". To appear in Mod. Phys. Lett.

    S-Wave Scattering of Charged Fermions by a Magnetic Black Hole

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    We argue that, classically, ss-wave electrons incident on a magnetically charged black hole are swallowed with probability one: the reflection coefficient vanishes. However, quantum effects can lead to both electromagnetic and gravitational backscattering. We show that, for the case of extremal, magnetically charged, dilatonic black holes and a single flavor of low-energy charged particles, this backscattering is described by a perturbatively computable and unitary SS-matrix, and that the Hawking radiation in these modes is suppressed near extremality. The interesting and much more difficult case of several flavors is also discussed.Comment: 9p

    Information Loss and Anomalous Scattering

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    The approach of 't Hooft to the puzzles of black hole evaporation can be applied to a simpler system with analogous features. The system is 1+11+1 dimensional electrodynamics in a linear dilaton background. Analogues of black holes, Hawking radiation and evaporation exist in this system. In perturbation theory there appears to be an information paradox but this gets resolved in the full quantum theory and there exists an exact SS-matrix, which is fully unitary and information conserving. 't Hooft's method gives the leading terms in a systematic approximation to the exact result.Comment: 18 pages, 3 figures (postscript files available soon on request), (earlier version got corrupted by mail system

    Junctions of three quantum wires and the dissipative Hofstadter model

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    We study a junction of three quantum wires enclosing a magnetic flux. This is the simplest problem of a quantum junction between Tomonaga-Luttinger liquids in which Fermi statistics enter in a non-trivial way. We present a direct connection between this problem and the dissipative Hofstadter problem, or quantum Brownian motion in two dimensions in a periodic potential and an external magnetic field, which in turn is connected to open string theory in a background electromagnetic field. We find non-trivial fixed points corresponding to a chiral conductance tensor leading to an asymmetric flow of the current.Comment: 4 pages, 1 figur

    Born-Regulated Gravity in Four Dimensions

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    Previous work involving Born-regulated gravity theories in two dimensions is extended to four dimensions. The action we consider has two dimensionful parameters. Black hole solutions are studied for typical values of these parameters. For masses above a critical value determined in terms of these parameters, the event horizon persists. For masses below this critical value, the event horizon disappears, leaving a ``bare mass'', though of course no singularity.Comment: LaTeX, 15 pages, 2 figure
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