229 research outputs found

    Code diversity in multiple antenna wireless communication

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    The standard approach to the design of individual space-time codes is based on optimizing diversity and coding gains. This geometric approach leads to remarkable examples, such as perfect space-time block codes, for which the complexity of Maximum Likelihood (ML) decoding is considerable. Code diversity is an alternative and complementary approach where a small number of feedback bits are used to select from a family of space-time codes. Different codes lead to different induced channels at the receiver, where Channel State Information (CSI) is used to instruct the transmitter how to choose the code. This method of feedback provides gains associated with beamforming while minimizing the number of feedback bits. It complements the standard approach to code design by taking advantage of different (possibly equivalent) realizations of a particular code design. Feedback can be combined with sub-optimal low complexity decoding of the component codes to match ML decoding performance of any individual code in the family. It can also be combined with ML decoding of the component codes to improve performance beyond ML decoding performance of any individual code. One method of implementing code diversity is the use of feedback to adapt the phase of a transmitted signal as shown for 4 by 4 Quasi-Orthogonal Space-Time Block Code (QOSTBC) and multi-user detection using the Alamouti code. Code diversity implemented by selecting from equivalent variants is used to improve ML decoding performance of the Golden code. This paper introduces a family of full rate circulant codes which can be linearly decoded by fourier decomposition of circulant matrices within the code diversity framework. A 3 by 3 circulant code is shown to outperform the Alamouti code at the same transmission rate.Comment: 9 page

    Coherence-Based Performance Guarantees of Orthogonal Matching Pursuit

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    In this paper, we present coherence-based performance guarantees of Orthogonal Matching Pursuit (OMP) for both support recovery and signal reconstruction of sparse signals when the measurements are corrupted by noise. In particular, two variants of OMP either with known sparsity level or with a stopping rule are analyzed. It is shown that if the measurement matrix X∈CnΓ—pX\in\mathbb{C}^{n\times p} satisfies the strong coherence property, then with n≳O(klog⁑p)n\gtrsim\mathcal{O}(k\log p), OMP will recover a kk-sparse signal with high probability. In particular, the performance guarantees obtained here separate the properties required of the measurement matrix from the properties required of the signal, which depends critically on the minimum signal to noise ratio rather than the power profiles of the signal. We also provide performance guarantees for partial support recovery. Comparisons are given with other performance guarantees for OMP using worst-case analysis and the sorted one step thresholding algorithm.Comment: appeared at 2012 Allerton conferenc

    Boolean Functions, Projection Operators and Quantum Error Correcting Codes

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    This paper describes a fundamental correspondence between Boolean functions and projection operators in Hilbert space. The correspondence is widely applicable, and it is used in this paper to provide a common mathematical framework for the design of both additive and non-additive quantum error correcting codes. The new framework leads to the construction of a variety of codes including an infinite class of codes that extend the original ((5,6,2)) code found by Rains [21]. It also extends to operator quantum error correcting codes.Comment: Submitted to IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, October 2006, to appear in IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, 200
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