4 research outputs found

    Electrospun Microfibrous Membranes Based on PIM-1/POSS with High Oil Wettability for Separation of Oil–Water Mixtures and Cleanup of Oil Soluble Contaminants

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    A series of PIM-1/POSS microfibrous membranes were fabricated by electrospinning technology. The addition of POSS particles could greatly enhance the hydrophobicity, and a superhydrophobic–superoleophilic membrane was obtained as the POSS concentration increased to 40 wt %. The scanning electron microscopy images indicate that the incorporation of POSS particles results in formations of hierarchical structures on the surface of the PIM-1/POSS fibers. Both the intrinsic hydrophobic nature of POSS and the increase in the fiber surface roughness led to the superhydrophobicity and superoleophilicity. The 40 wt % PIM-1/POSS fibrous membrane could not only separate a wide range of immiscible oil–water mixtures with efficiencies higher than 99.95% but also separate water-in-oil emulsions with efficiencies higher than 99.97%. Furthermore, because of the ultrahigh intrinsic microporosity of the PIM-1 polymer, the PIM-1 fibrous membrane exhibited the ability to adsorb a large amount of contaminants such as oil red O and solvent blue 35 from oils. Therefore, these membranes are multifunctional and can be applied to treating immiscible water–oil mixtures, water-in-oil emulsions, and cleanup of oil soluble contaminants

    Fabrication of Superhydrophobic–Superoleophilic Fabrics by an Etching and Dip-Coating Two-Step Method for Oil–Water Separation

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    A dual-scale roughness structure superhydrophobic–superoleophilic fabric was fabricated by first etching the microscale fibers with alkali and then dip-coating in a mixed solution of a polymer of intrinsic microporosity (PIM-1) and fluorinated alkylsilane (PTES). Scanning electron microscopy analysis showed that the etching process created nanoscale pits on the fiber surface and subsequently formed hierarchical structures on the fabric surface. Coating of PIM-1–PTES on the etched fibers significantly lowered the surface energy of the fibers, thus causing the fabric surface to possess superhydrophobicity with a water contact angle of 158° and superoleophilicity with an oil contact angle of 0°. The obtained superwettable fabric was mounted in a leak-proof manner on the open-end glass bottle, like an oil skimmer container. Such a new surface-tension-driven, gravity-assisted, one-step, oil–water separation device was used to separate the oil–water mixture with a separation efficiency as high as 99.96% after 30 recycles

    Adsorption of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (Fluoranthene and Anthracenemethanol) by Functional Graphene Oxide and Removal by pH and Temperature-Sensitive Coagulation

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    A new kind of functional graphene oxide with fine stability in water was fabricated by mixing graphene oxide (GO) and brilliant blue (BB) with a certain weight ratio. The adsorption performance of this mixture of BB and GO (BBGO) to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (anthracenemethanol (AC) and fluoranthene (FL)) was investigated, and the results indicated BBGO possessed adsorption capacity of 1.676 mmol/g and removal efficiency of 72.7% as to AC and adsorption capacity of 2.212 mmol/g and removal efficiency of 93.2% as to FL. After adsorption, pH and temperature-sensitive coagulation (PTC) method was used to remove the AC/BBGO or FL/BBGO complex and proved to be an effective approach to flocculate the AC/BBGO or FL/BBGO complex into large flocs, which tended to be removed from the aqueous solution

    Molecular Design of Tröger’s Base-Based Polymers Containing Spirobichroman Structure for Gas Separation

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    Gas separation performance of glassy polymers can be improved by enhancing the polymer backbone stiffness to decrease the chain packing and increase the free volume and gas permeabilities. In this work, two Tröger’s base (TB)-based polymers were prepared by polymerization from two spirobichroman-containing diamine monomers, MSBC and SBC. The obtained TB-based polymers show good solubility in polar aprotic solvents including DMF, DMAc, NMP, and DMSO, high molecular weight, and high thermal stability. Gas separation performance of TB-MSBC and TB-SBC are much better than those of the 6FDA-MSBC and 6FDA-SBC, especially for H<sub>2</sub>/N<sub>2</sub> and H<sub>2</sub>/CH<sub>4</sub> gas pairs. Furthermore, the CO<sub>2</sub> permeability of TB-MSBC is about 7.6 times higher than that of 6FDA-MSBC. The much-improved separation performance of TB-based polymers can be mainly attributed to the ineffective chain packing via the incorporation of the spriobichroman structure and a ladder-type bridged bicyclic TB unit