22 research outputs found

    GANGLIOSIDES INHIBIT SEROLOGICAL REACTIONS FOR THE DETECTION OF CHOLERA AND HEAT-LABILE ENTEROTOXINS OF ESCHERICHIA-COLI

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    GM1 ganglioside has been identified as the receptor for cholera toxin (CT) and heat-labile (LT) enterotoxin of Escherichia coli in many cell types. Using the radial immune hemolysis (RIH) and indirect hemagglutination (IH) tests described for the detection of these enterotoxins, a study was conducted on the 100% inhibition of these reactions by pre-incubating these enterotoxins with GM1, GD1 a and GT1 gangliosides. GM1 was found to be much more efficient than the other two. With respect to the RIH test, GT1 was more efficient than GD1 a as an inhibitor of enterotoxin binding. Similar results were obtained with the IH test. These data also showed that sheep red blood cells provide a good model system for the study of receptors for CT, LT and probably other enterotoxins which bind to gangliosides.25880580

    Clonal distribution of an atypical MRP+, EF*, and suilysin(+) phenotype of virulent Streptococcus suis serotype 2 strains in Brazil

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    Streptococcus suis is considered one of the most important bacterial swine pathogens worldwide. The distribution of the 35 described serotypes in diseased animals may vary in different regions. Data regarding S. suis isolation from pigs in South America is not available. In the present study, 51 isolates of S. suis recovered in pure culture or as the predominant species from diseased animals in Brazil, were analyzed. These isolates were classified as serotypes 2 (58.8%), 3 (21.5%), 7 (13.7%), 1 (3.9%), and 14 (2%). Serotype 2 isolates were further studied for their production of virulence-related proteins muramidase-released protein (MRP), extracellular factor (EF), and suilysin. In addition, the genetic diversity was studied by randomly amplified polymorphic DNA. All but 1 of the serotype 2 isolates showed a clonal distribution of an atypical phenotype (MRP+, EF*, suilysin(+)), different from the known European (MRP+, EF+, suilysin(+)), and North American (MRPv, EF-, suilysin(-)), phenotypes.671525

    Adhesion properties, fimbrial expression and PCR detection of adhesin-related genes of avian Escherichia coli strains

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    Forty-nine avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) strains obtained from chickens suffering from septicemia (24), swollen head syndrome (14) and omphalitis (11), isolated from individuals in different regions of Brazil and from different outbreaks, were studied for their adhesion to trachea epithelial cells, fimbrial expression and hemagglutination capacity to different erythrocyte types. These results were compared with their content of fimbriae-related genes as detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using specific pair of primers. The aim of these assays was to determine the importance of expression of adhesins in the pathogenic strains and to evaluate the presence of adhesin genes either previously described or not yet recognized for APEC strain. Thirty commensal strains isolated from poultry showing no signs of any of the above diseases were used to compare the results with the pathogenic isolates. The PCR assay demonstrated that septicaemic and swollen head syndrome strains had the highest number of adhesion-related genes of recognized importance in pathogenicity. Using different media for growth conditions, 40 different D-mannose resistant haemagglutination patterns were observed in this study, what indicates the expression of a great variability of surface agglutinins in these bacterial strains. Our results also showed that adhesion, whether D-mannose resistant (MRA) or D-mannose sensitive (MSA), is a characteristic observed in both pathogenic and commensal strains. Several strains with positive adherence had no genetic sequences related to the studied adhesin genes what indicates that our APEC strains probably possess a genome with adhesins genes besides those describe elsewhere and that have not yet been described. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.1064173227528

    Pathogenic characteristics of Escherichia coli strains isolated from newborn piglets with diarrhea in Brazil

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    Ninety-one Escherichia coli isolates obtained from diarrheic and normal feces of newborn piglets (0-11 days of age) from three states of Brazil were assessed for phenotypic and genotypic characteristics associated with pathogenic processes. These isolates expressed fimbriae F18ac and type 1, but not fimbriae K88, K99, 987P or F41, Genes for toxins (LT-I, STa, SLT-I, SLT-II, SLT-IIv) either individually or combined were found to be present in most of the diarrheic strains (65.7%) and in 42.8% of the non-diarrheic ones. The eaeA gene was present in 25.7% of the diarrheic isolates and in 9.5% of the non-diarrheic ones. Colicin, hemolysin and aerobactin were also found to be produced by some strains from both sources. Because of the great variety of biological characteristics associated with different illness processes, we suggest that, in Brazil, pigs may act as a reservoir for transmission of Escherichia coli strains to other animals. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.761515

    Determination of the clonal structure of avian Escherichia coli strains by isoenzyme and ribotyping analysis

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    Forty-nine avian Escherichia coli strains isolated from different outbreak cases of septicemia (24), swollen head syndrome (14) and omphalitis (11), and 20 strains isolated from poultry with no signs of the mentioned illnesses, for a total of 69 strains, were typed by isoenzyme profile and ribotyping analysis by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). Isoenzyme analysis discriminated better among strains (0-0.07 degree of genetic dissimilarity) than ribotyping analysis (0- 0.02 degree of genetic dissimilarity). The enzyme profiles of the E. coli isolates allowed the identification of 33 clones that were organized into six main clusters (A-F). Cluster A comprised 87% of the pathogenic strains and had no commensal strains, while commensal strains were assigned to clusters B-F. The ribotyping analysis resulted in a more heterogenous distribution of strains but most of those that cause the same type of infection were kept close together. Taken as a whole, these results demonstrate that pathogenic clones are more similar to one another when compared with commensal strains and suggest a correlation between the genetic background and the pathogenic characteristics of avian pathogenic E. coli strains.502636

    Frequency of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) isolates among diarrheic and non-diarrheic calves in Brazil

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    The occurrence of Shiga toxin (Stx) gene sequences was examined in 344 fecal samples from diarrheic (n = 139) and non-diarrheic (n = 205) calves from 12 beef farms in Sao Paulo State, Brazil to study the prevalence of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) strains. Forty-four (12.7%) animals were found to be positive for stx. The frequency of carriage of stx was higher in diarrheic calves (28/139, 20%) than in non-diarrheic animals (16/205, 7.8%) (P < 0.001). Among the 24 STEC strains recovered from the animals, 12 isolates carried stx1, four stx2, and 8 carried both stx1 and stx2 genes. The eae and the enterohaemolysin (Ehly) gene sequences occurred at high frequencies in these STEC strains (41.6 and 50.0%, respectively). A total of 16 serotypes were identified. The serotypes O111:NM (four isolates), O111:H8 (two) and O118:H16 (one), currently described as enterohaemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC), were isolated from cattle in Brazil for the first time. These findings reinforce the importance of cattle as a reservoir of EHEC strains in Brazil. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.974167110310
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