96 research outputs found

### Lifting a Realistic SO(10) Grand Unified Model to Five Dimensions

It has been shown recently that the problem of rapid proton decay induced by
dimension five operators arising from the exchange of colored Higgsinos can be
simply avoided in grand unified models where a fifth spatial dimension is
compactified on an orbifold. Here we demonstrate that this idea can be used to
solve the Higgsino-mediated proton decay problem in any realistic SO(10) model
by lifting that model to five dimensions. A particular SO(10) model that has
been proposed to explain the pattern of quark and lepton masses and mixings is
used as an example. The idea is to break the SO(10) down to the Pati-Salam
symmetry by the orbifold boundary conditions. The entire four-dimensional
SO(10) model is placed on the physical SO(10) brane except for the gauge
fields, the 45 and a single 10 of Higgs fields, which are placed in the
five-dimensional bulk. The structure of the Higgs superpotential can be
somewhat simplified in doing so, while the Yukawa superpotential and mass
matrices derived from it remain essentially unaltered.Comment: 17 pages, version to be published in Phys. Rev. D with expanded
discussion of the suppression of dim-5 proton decay operator

### Resonant leptogenesis in a predictive SO(10) grand unified model

An SO(10) grand unified model considered previously by the authors featuring
lopsided down quark and charged lepton mass matrices is successfully predictive
and requires that the lightest two right-handed Majorana neutrinons be nearly
degenerate in order to obtain the LMA solar neutrino solution. Here we use this
model to test its predictions for baryogenesis through resonant-enhanced
leptogenesis. With the conventional type I seesaw mechanism, the best
predictions for baryogenesis appear to fall a factor of three short of the
observed value. However, with a proposed type III seesaw mechanism leading to
three pairs of massive pseudo-Dirac neutrinos, resonant leptogenesis is
decoupled from the neutrino mass and mixing issues with successful baryogenesis
easily obtained.Comment: 22 pages including 1 figure; published version with reference adde

### Leptogenesis in the type III seesaw mechanism

It is shown that the type III seesaw mechanism proposed recently can have
certain advantages over the conventional (or type I) seesaw mechanism for
leptogenesis. In particular a resonant enhancement of leptogenesis via heavy
quasi-Dirac right-handed neutrino pairs can occur without a special flavor form
or "texture" of the mass matrices being assumed. Some of the requirements for
neutrino mixing and leptogenesis are effectively decoupled.Comment: 12 pages including one figure, several references adde

### Fermion masses in SO(10) with a single adjoint Higgs field

It has recently been shown how to break SO(10) down to the Standard Model in
a realistic way with only one adjoint Higgs. The expectation value of this
adjoint must point in the B-L direction. This has consequences for the possible
form of the quark and lepton mass matrices. These consequences are explored in
this paper, and it is found that one is naturally led to consider a particular
form for the masses of the heavier generations. This form implies typically
that there should be large (nearly maximal) mixing of the mu- and
tau-neutrinos. An explanation that does not involve large tan beta also emerges
for the fact that b and tau are light compared to the top quark.Comment: 20 pages, LaTeX, clarification of statements about multiple adjoint
Higgs fields in the context of superstring theor

### Natural relations among physical observables in the neutrino mass matrix

We find all possible relations among physical observables arising from
neutrino mass matrices that describe in a natural way the currently observed
pattern (tan_23 and tan_12 large, dm^2_Sun/dm^2_Atm and tan_13 small) in terms
of a minimum number of parameters. Natural here means due only to the relative
smallness (vanishing) of some parameters in the relevant lagrangian, without
special relations or accidental cancellations among them.Comment: 14 pages, 1 eps figur

### Charged lepton contributions to the solar neutrino mixing and theta_13

A charged lepton contribution to the solar neutrino mixing induces a
contribution to theta_13, barring cancellations/correlations, which is
independent of the model building options in the neutrino sector. We illustrate
two robust arguments for that contribution to be within the expected
sensitivity of high intensity neutrino beam experiments. We find that the case
in which the neutrino sector gives rise to a maximal solar angle (the natural
situation if the hierarchy is inverse) leads to a theta_13 close to or
exceeding the experimental bound depending on the precise values of theta_12,
theta_23, an unknown phase and possible additional contributions. We finally
discuss the possibility that the solar angle originates predominantly in the
charged lepton sector. We find that the construction of a model of this sort is
more complicated. We comment on a recent example of natural model of this type.Comment: 10 pages, 1 figur

### Horizontal symmetry in Higgs sector of GUT with U(1)_A symmetry

In a series of papers, we pointed out that an anomalous $U(1)_A$ gauge
symmetry naturally solves various problems in grand unified theories (GUTs) and
that a horizontal gauge symmetry, $SU(2)_H$ or $SU(3)_H$, not only realizes the
unification of three generation quarks and leptons in fewer multiplets but also
solves the supersymmetric flavor problem. In this paper, we examine the
possibility that the Higgs sectors of the GUT symmetry and of the horizontal
symmetry are unified, that is, there are some Higgs fields whose vacuum
expectation values (VEVs) break both the GUT gauge symmetry and the horizontal
symmetry at the same time. Although the scale of the VEVs become too large to
suppress the flavor changing neutral current processes sufficiently, the
unification is possible. In addition, for the $SU(3)_H$ models, the $SU(3)_H$
gauge anomaly is cancelled in the unified models without introducing additional
fields in contrast with the previous models in which the Higgs sectors are not
unified.Comment: 35 page

### Lepton Flavor Violation in the SUSY-GUT Models with Lopsided Mass Matrix

The tiny neutrino masses measured in the neutrino oscillation experiments can
be naturally explained by the supersymmetric see-saw mechanism. If the
supersymmetry breaking is mediated by gravity, the see-saw models may predict
observable lepton flavor violating effects. In this work, we investigate the
lepton flavor violating process $\mu\to e\gamma$ in the kind of neutrino mass
models based on the idea of the ``lopsided'' form of the charged lepton mass
matrix. The constraints set by the muon anomalous magnetic moment are taken
into account. We find the present models generally predict a much larger
branching ratio of $\mu\to e\gamma$ than the experimental limit. Conversely,
this process may give strong constraint on the lepton flavor structure.
Following this constraint we then find a new kind of the charged lepton mass
matrix. The feature of the structure is that both the elements between the 2-3
and 1-3 generations are ``lopsided''. This structure produces a very small 1-3
mixing and a large 1-2 mixing in the charged lepton sector, which naturally
leads to small $Br(\mu\to e\gamma)$ and the LMA solution for the solar neutrino
problem.Comment: 24 pages, 8 figure

### Neutrinos in 5D SO(10) Unification

We study neutrino physics in a 5D supersymmetric SO(10) GUT. We analyze
several different choices for realizing the See-Saw mechanism. We find that the
"natural" scale for the Majorana mass of right-handed neutrinos depends
critically on whether the right-handed neutrinos are located in the bulk or
localized on a brane. In the former case, the effective Majorana mass is
"naturally" of order the compactification scale, about 10^{14} GeV. Note, this
is the value necessary for obtaining a light tau neutrino mass approximately
10^{-2} eV which, within the context of hierarchical neutrino masses, is the
right order of magnitude to explain atmospheric neutrino oscillations. On the
other-hand when the right-handed neutrino is localized on the brane, the
effective Majorana mass is typically larger than the compactification scale.
Nevertheless with small parameters of order 1/10 - 1/30, an effective Majorana
mass of order 10^{14} GeV can be accommodated. We also discuss the constraints
on model building resulting from the different scenarios for locating the
right-handed neutrinos.Comment: 24 page

### Symmetric Textures in SO(10) and LMA Solution for Solar Neutrinos

We analyze a model based on SUSY SO(10) combined with SU(2) family symmetry
and symmetric mass matrices constructed by the authors recently. Previously,
only the parameter space for the LOW and vacuum oscillation (VO) solutions was
investigated. We indicate in this note the parameter space which leads to large
mixing angle (LMA) solution to the solar neutrino problem with a slightly
modified effective neutrino mass matrix. The symmetric mass textures arising
from the left-right symmetry breaking and the SU(2) symmetry breaking give rise
to very good predictions for the quark and lepton masses and mixing angles. The
prediction of our model for the |U_{e\nu_{3}}| element in the
Maki-Nakagawa-Sakata (MNS) matrix is close to the sensitivity of current
experiments; thus the validity of our model can be tested in the near future.
We also investigate the correlation between the |U_{e\nu_{3}}| element and
\tan^{2}\theta_{\odot} in a general two-zero neutrino mass texture.Comment: RevTeX4; 9 pages; 1 figur

- â€¦