460 research outputs found

### Born-Infeld strings between D-branes

We examine the solutions of world-volume action for a D3-brane being put near
other D3-brane which is replaced by the background configuration of bulk space.
It is shown that the BPS solutions are not affected by the D3-brane background,
and they are interpreted as dyonic strings connecting two branes. On the
contrary, the non-BPS configurations are largely influenced by the background
D-brane, and we find that the solutions with pure electric charge cannot
connect two branes. These solutions are corresponding to the bound state of
brane and anti-brane which has been found by Callan and MaldacenaComment: 14 pages, 8 figure

### Fermionic Zero Modes on Domain Walls

We study fermionic zero modes in the domain wall background. The fermions
have Dirac and left- and right-handed Majorana mass terms. The source of the
Dirac mass term is the coupling to a scalar field $\Phi$. The source of the
Majorana mass terms could also be the coupling to a scalar field $\Phi$ or a
vacuum expectation value of some other field acquired in a phase transition
well above the phase transition of the field $\Phi$. We derive the fermionic
equations of motion and find the necessary and sufficient conditions for a zero
mode to exist. We also find the solutions numerically. In the absence of the
Majorana mass terms, the equations are solvable analytically. In the case of
massless fermions a zero energy solution exists and we show that although this
mode is not discretely normalizable it is Dirac delta function normalizable and
should be viewed as part of a continuum spectrum rather than as an isolated
zero mode.Comment: 6 pages, 3 figures, matches version published in PR

### Extended QCD(2) from dimensional projection of QCD(4)

We study an extended QCD model in (1+1) dimensions obtained from QCD in 4D by
compactifying two spatial dimensions and projecting onto the zero-mode
subspace. We work out this model in the large $N_c$ limit and using light cone
gauge but keeping the equal-time quantization. This system is found to induce a
dynamical mass for transverse gluons -- adjoint scalars in QCD(2), and to
undergo a chiral symmetry breaking with the full quark propagators yielding
non-tachyonic, dynamical quark masses, even in the chiral limit. We study
quark-antiquark bound states which can be classified in this model by their
properties under Lorentz transformations inherited from 4D. The scalar and
pseudoscalar sectors of the theory are examined and in the chiral limit a
massless ground state for pseudoscalars is revealed with a wave function
generalizing the so called 't Hooft pion solution.Comment: JHEP class, 16 pages, 3 figures. Change in the title, some
improvements in section 2, minors changes and comments added in introduction
and conclusions. References added. Version appearing in JHE

### Properties of Intersecting p-branes in Various Dimensions

General properties of intersecting extremal p-brane solutions of gravity
coupled with dilatons and several different d-form fields in arbitrary
space-time dimensions are considered. It is show that heuristically expected
properties of the intersecting p-branes follow from the explicit formulae for
solutions. In particular, harmonic superposition and S-duality hold for all
p-brane solutions. Generalized T-duality takes place under additional
restrictions on the initial theory parameters .Comment: 14 pages, RevTeX, misprints are corrected and more Comments are
added, information about one of the authors (M.G.I.) available at
http://www.geocities.com/CapeCanaveral/Lab/419

### Linear Sigma Models of H and KK Monopoles

We propose a gauged linear sigma model of k H-monopoles. We also consider the
T-dual of this model describing KK-monopoles and clarify the meaning of
"winding coordinate" studied recently in hep-th/0507204.Comment: 13 pages, lanlmac; V3:added argument on the nature of disk instanto

### The geometrical form for the string space-time action

In the present article, we derive the space-time action of the bosonic string
in terms of geometrical quantities. First, we study the space-time geometry
felt by probe bosonic string moving in antisymmetric and dilaton background
fields. We show that the presence of the antisymmetric field leads to the
space-time torsion, and the presence of the dilaton field leads to the
space-time nonmetricity. Using these results we obtain the integration measure
for space-time with stringy nonmetricity, requiring its preservation under
parallel transport. We derive the Lagrangian depending on stringy curvature,
torsion and nonmetricity.Comment: 13 page

### Fermion Propagators in Type II Fivebrane Backgrounds

The fermion propagators in the fivebrane background of type II superstring
theories are calculated. The propagator can be obtained by explicitly
evaluating the transition amplitude between two specific NS-R boundary states
by the propagator operator in the non-trivial world-sheet conformal field
theory for the fivebrane background. The propagator in the field theory limit
can be obtained by using point boundary states. We can explicitly investigate
the lowest lying fermion states propagating in the non-trivial ten-dimensional
space-time of the fivebrane background: M^6 x W_k^(4), where W_k^(4) is the
group manifold of SU(2)_k x U(1). The half of the original supersymmetry is
spontaneously broken, and the space-time Lorentz symmetry SO(9,1) reduces to
SO(5,1) in SO(5,1) x SO(4) \subset SO(9,1) by the fivebrane background. We find
that there are no propagations of SO(4) (local Lorentz) spinor fields, which is
consistent with the arguments on the fermion zero-modes in the fivebrane
background of low-energy type II supergravity theories.Comment: 15 page

### Boundary states as exact solutions of (vacuum) closed string field theory

We show that the boundary states are idempotent B*B=B with respect to the
star product of HIKKO type closed string field theory. Variations around the
boundary state correctly reproduce the open string spectrum with the gauge
symmetry. We explicitly demonstrate it for the tachyonic and massless vector
modes. The idempotency relation may be regarded as the equation of motion of
closed string field theory at a possible vacuum.Comment: 30 pages, 2 figures, v3:regularization improve

### Thermodynamics of doubly charged CGHS model and D1-D5-KK black holes of IIB supergravity

We study the doubly charged Callan-Giddings-Harvey-Strominger (CGHS) model,
which has black hole solutions that were found to be U-dual to the D1-D5-KK
black holes of the IIB supergravity. We derive the action of the model via a
spontaneous compactification on S^3 of the IIB supergravity on S^1*T^4 and
obtain the general static solutions including black holes corresponding to
certain non-asymptotically flat black holes in the IIB supergravity.
Thermodynamics of them is established by computing the entropy, temperature,
chemical potentials, and mass in the two-dimensional setup, and the first law
of thermodynamics is explicitly verified. The entropy is in precise agreement
with that of the D1-D5-KK black holes, and the mass turns out to be consistent
with the infinite Lorentz boost along the M theory circle that is a part of the
aforementioned U-dual chain.Comment: 21 pages, Revte

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