460 research outputs found

    Born-Infeld strings between D-branes

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    We examine the solutions of world-volume action for a D3-brane being put near other D3-brane which is replaced by the background configuration of bulk space. It is shown that the BPS solutions are not affected by the D3-brane background, and they are interpreted as dyonic strings connecting two branes. On the contrary, the non-BPS configurations are largely influenced by the background D-brane, and we find that the solutions with pure electric charge cannot connect two branes. These solutions are corresponding to the bound state of brane and anti-brane which has been found by Callan and MaldacenaComment: 14 pages, 8 figure

    Fermionic Zero Modes on Domain Walls

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    We study fermionic zero modes in the domain wall background. The fermions have Dirac and left- and right-handed Majorana mass terms. The source of the Dirac mass term is the coupling to a scalar field Φ\Phi. The source of the Majorana mass terms could also be the coupling to a scalar field Φ\Phi or a vacuum expectation value of some other field acquired in a phase transition well above the phase transition of the field Φ\Phi. We derive the fermionic equations of motion and find the necessary and sufficient conditions for a zero mode to exist. We also find the solutions numerically. In the absence of the Majorana mass terms, the equations are solvable analytically. In the case of massless fermions a zero energy solution exists and we show that although this mode is not discretely normalizable it is Dirac delta function normalizable and should be viewed as part of a continuum spectrum rather than as an isolated zero mode.Comment: 6 pages, 3 figures, matches version published in PR

    Extended QCD(2) from dimensional projection of QCD(4)

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    We study an extended QCD model in (1+1) dimensions obtained from QCD in 4D by compactifying two spatial dimensions and projecting onto the zero-mode subspace. We work out this model in the large NcN_c limit and using light cone gauge but keeping the equal-time quantization. This system is found to induce a dynamical mass for transverse gluons -- adjoint scalars in QCD(2), and to undergo a chiral symmetry breaking with the full quark propagators yielding non-tachyonic, dynamical quark masses, even in the chiral limit. We study quark-antiquark bound states which can be classified in this model by their properties under Lorentz transformations inherited from 4D. The scalar and pseudoscalar sectors of the theory are examined and in the chiral limit a massless ground state for pseudoscalars is revealed with a wave function generalizing the so called 't Hooft pion solution.Comment: JHEP class, 16 pages, 3 figures. Change in the title, some improvements in section 2, minors changes and comments added in introduction and conclusions. References added. Version appearing in JHE

    Properties of Intersecting p-branes in Various Dimensions

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    General properties of intersecting extremal p-brane solutions of gravity coupled with dilatons and several different d-form fields in arbitrary space-time dimensions are considered. It is show that heuristically expected properties of the intersecting p-branes follow from the explicit formulae for solutions. In particular, harmonic superposition and S-duality hold for all p-brane solutions. Generalized T-duality takes place under additional restrictions on the initial theory parameters .Comment: 14 pages, RevTeX, misprints are corrected and more Comments are added, information about one of the authors (M.G.I.) available at http://www.geocities.com/CapeCanaveral/Lab/419

    Linear Sigma Models of H and KK Monopoles

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    We propose a gauged linear sigma model of k H-monopoles. We also consider the T-dual of this model describing KK-monopoles and clarify the meaning of "winding coordinate" studied recently in hep-th/0507204.Comment: 13 pages, lanlmac; V3:added argument on the nature of disk instanto

    The geometrical form for the string space-time action

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    In the present article, we derive the space-time action of the bosonic string in terms of geometrical quantities. First, we study the space-time geometry felt by probe bosonic string moving in antisymmetric and dilaton background fields. We show that the presence of the antisymmetric field leads to the space-time torsion, and the presence of the dilaton field leads to the space-time nonmetricity. Using these results we obtain the integration measure for space-time with stringy nonmetricity, requiring its preservation under parallel transport. We derive the Lagrangian depending on stringy curvature, torsion and nonmetricity.Comment: 13 page

    Fermion Propagators in Type II Fivebrane Backgrounds

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    The fermion propagators in the fivebrane background of type II superstring theories are calculated. The propagator can be obtained by explicitly evaluating the transition amplitude between two specific NS-R boundary states by the propagator operator in the non-trivial world-sheet conformal field theory for the fivebrane background. The propagator in the field theory limit can be obtained by using point boundary states. We can explicitly investigate the lowest lying fermion states propagating in the non-trivial ten-dimensional space-time of the fivebrane background: M^6 x W_k^(4), where W_k^(4) is the group manifold of SU(2)_k x U(1). The half of the original supersymmetry is spontaneously broken, and the space-time Lorentz symmetry SO(9,1) reduces to SO(5,1) in SO(5,1) x SO(4) \subset SO(9,1) by the fivebrane background. We find that there are no propagations of SO(4) (local Lorentz) spinor fields, which is consistent with the arguments on the fermion zero-modes in the fivebrane background of low-energy type II supergravity theories.Comment: 15 page

    Boundary states as exact solutions of (vacuum) closed string field theory

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    We show that the boundary states are idempotent B*B=B with respect to the star product of HIKKO type closed string field theory. Variations around the boundary state correctly reproduce the open string spectrum with the gauge symmetry. We explicitly demonstrate it for the tachyonic and massless vector modes. The idempotency relation may be regarded as the equation of motion of closed string field theory at a possible vacuum.Comment: 30 pages, 2 figures, v3:regularization improve

    Thermodynamics of doubly charged CGHS model and D1-D5-KK black holes of IIB supergravity

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    We study the doubly charged Callan-Giddings-Harvey-Strominger (CGHS) model, which has black hole solutions that were found to be U-dual to the D1-D5-KK black holes of the IIB supergravity. We derive the action of the model via a spontaneous compactification on S^3 of the IIB supergravity on S^1*T^4 and obtain the general static solutions including black holes corresponding to certain non-asymptotically flat black holes in the IIB supergravity. Thermodynamics of them is established by computing the entropy, temperature, chemical potentials, and mass in the two-dimensional setup, and the first law of thermodynamics is explicitly verified. The entropy is in precise agreement with that of the D1-D5-KK black holes, and the mass turns out to be consistent with the infinite Lorentz boost along the M theory circle that is a part of the aforementioned U-dual chain.Comment: 21 pages, Revte
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