90,529 research outputs found

    A new puzzle for random interaction

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    We continue a series of numerical experiments on many-body systems with random two-body interactions, by examining correlations in ratios in excitation energies of yrast JJ = 0, 2, 4, 6, 8 states. Previous studies, limited only to JJ = 0,2,4 states, had shown strong correlations in boson systems but not fermion systems. By including J6J \ge 6 states and considering different scatter plots, strong and realistic correlations appear in both boson and fermion systems. Such correlations are a challenge to explanations of random interactions.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figure

    Coupled Mode Theory of Electron‐Beam Parametric Amplification

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    A theory of parametric amplification in a filamentary electron beam by transverse fields is developed in coupled mode form. Space charge effects are neglected. In addition to beam modes at the signal frequency, beam modes at frequencies ωn=ω+ω_p, n=0, ±1, ±2…, where ω_p is the pump frequency, are coupled together. A discussion of the general form of the equations is given and reveals the circumstances under which exponential gain or periodic energy transfer between various modes can occur. When applied to quadrupole electric pump fields, a description of the quadrupole amplifiers of Adler, Wade, and Gordon is obtained. This theory is then used to evaluate the noise contribution from synchronous beam modes and higher cyclotron idler modes. Coupling by axially symmetric electric fields and by axially symmetric magnetic fields is discussed, and other amplification schemes suggested. The theory of coupling by axially symmetric fields can also be used to study lens effects on noise in the gun region

    Brazing process using'al-Si filler alloy reliably bonds aluminum parts

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    Brazing process employs an aluminum-silicon filler alloy for diffusion bonding of aluminum parts in a vacuum or inert gas atmosphere. This process is carried out at temperatures substantially below those required in conventional process and produces bonds of greater strength and reliability