607 research outputs found

    XMM-Newton observations of MR Vel/RX J0925.7-4758

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    We report on XMM-Newton observations of the galactic supersoft X-ray source RX J0925.7-4758. The RGS spectrum exhibits a wealth of spectral features from iron and oxygen. XMM-Newton data confirm the finding of previous Chandra HETGS/MEG observations that NLTE models of hot white dwarf atmospheres fail to represent the complex spectrum. There are clear evidences for P Cygni profiles with wind velocities of up to 2000 km/s. Small flux variations with time scales larger than 1000s are present. The strongest power is at ~ 0.21d, a period close to that seen in V band optical light curves. A detailed analysis of the associated changes in the RGS and EPIC pn spectra hint at a mostly grey mechanism suggesting a variation of the visibility of the white dwarf due to occulting material in the accretion disk. Finally, we detect radial velocity changes of 173 +/- 47 km/s between two RGS observations obtained half an orbital cycle apart. The amplitude of the RGS velocity shift is consistent with that of the optical He II 4686 and thus supports the idea that most of the He II optical line emission arises from the accretion disk.Comment: Accepted for publication in A&A (8 pages and 9 figures

    Magneto-asteroseismology of massive magnetic pulsators

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    Simultaneously and coherently studying the large-scale magnetic field and the stellar pulsations of a massive star provides strong complementary diagnostics suitable for detailed stellar modelling. This hybrid method is called magneto-asteroseismology and permits the determination of the internal structure and conditions within magnetic massive pulsators, for example the effect of magnetism on non-standard mixing processes. Here, we overview this technique, its requirements, and list the currently known suitable stars to apply the method.Comment: 5 pages, 1 table, IAUS 329 conference proceeding

    Discovery of a magnetic field in the B pulsating system HD 1976

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    The presence of a magnetic field can have a strong impact on the evolution of a binary star. However, only a dozen of magnetic OB binaries are known as of today and available to study this effect, including very few magnetic pulsating spectroscopic OB binaries. We aim at checking for the presence of a magnetic field in the B5IV hierarchical triple system HD 1976 with spectropolarimetric data obtained with Narval at the Bernard Lyot Telescope (TBL). We use orbital parameters of HD 1976 available in the literature to disentangle the Narval intensity spectra. We compute Stokes V profiles with the Least Square Deconvolution (LSD) technique to search for magnetic signatures. We then derive an estimate of the longitudinal magnetic field strength for each observation and for various line lists. Our disentangling of the intensity spectra shows that HD 1976 is a double-lined spectroscopic (SB2) binary, with the lines of the secondary component about twice broader than the ones of the primary component. We do not identify the third component. Moreover, we find that clear magnetic signatures are present in the spectropolarimetric measurements of HD 1976 and seem to be associated with the primary component. We conclude that HD 1976 is a magnetic slowly-pulsating double-lined spectroscopic binary star, with an undetected third component. It is the second such example known (with HD 25558).Comment: Accepted in A&A Letter to the Editor, 4 pages, 2 figures, 2 table

    The "Binarity and Magnetic Interactions in various classes of Stars" (BinaMIcS) project

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    The "Binarity and Magnetic Interactions in various classes of stars" (BinaMIcS) project is based on two large programs of spectropolarimetric observations with ESPaDOnS at CFHT and Narval at TBL. Three samples of spectroscopic binaries with two spectra (SB2) are observed: known cool magnetic binaries, the few known hot magnetic binaries, and a survey sample of hot binaries to search for additional hot magnetic binaries. The goal of BinaMIcS is to understand the complex interplay between stellar magnetism and binarity. To this aim, we will characterise and model the magnetic fields, magnetospheric structure and coupling of both components of hot and cool close binary systems over a significant range of evolutionary stages, to confront current theories and trigger new ones. First results already provided interesting clues, e.g. about the origin of magnetism in hot stars.Comment: 4 pages, 2 figures, proceedings of the SF2A conferenc

    Magnetic field topology of the unique chemically peculiar star CU Virginis

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    The late-B magnetic chemically peculiar star CU Vir is one of the fastest rotators among the intermediate-mass stars with strong fossil magnetic fields. It shows a prominent rotational modulation of the spectral energy distribution and absorption line profiles due to chemical spots and exhibits a unique strongly beamed variable radio emission. Little is known about the magnetic field topology of CU Vir. In this study we aim to derive, for the first time, detailed maps of the magnetic field distribution over the surface of this star. We use high-resolution spectropolarimetric observations covering the entire rotational period. These data are interpreted using a multi-line technique of least-squares deconvolution (LSD) and a new Zeeman Doppler imaging code based on detailed polarised radiative transfer modelling of the Stokes I and V LSD profiles. This new magnetic inversion approach relies on the spectrum synthesis calculations over the full wavelength range covered by observations and does not assume that the LSD profiles behave as a single spectral line with mean parameters. We present magnetic and chemical abundance maps derived from the Si and Fe lines. Mean polarisation profiles of both elements reveal a significant departure of the magnetic field topology of CU Vir from the commonly assumed axisymmetric dipolar configuration. The field of CU Vir is dipolar-like, but clearly non-axisymmetric, showing a large difference of the field strength between the regions of opposite polarity. The main relative abundance depletion features in both Si and Fe maps coincide with the weak-field region in the magnetic map. Detailed information on the distorted dipolar magnetic field topology of CU Vir provided by our study is essential for understanding chemical spot formation, radio emission, and rotational period variation of this star.Comment: 14 pages, 14 figures; accepted for publication in A&
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