9,087 research outputs found

    Jet Quenching: the medium modification of the single and double fragmentation functions

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    The physics of the quenching of hard jets in dense matter is briefly reviewed. This is presented within the framework of the partonic medium modification of the fragmentation functions. Modifications in both deeply inelastic scattering (DIS) off large nuclei and high-energy heavy-ion collisions are presented.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figures, Proceedings of the First Meeting of the APS Topical Group on Hadronic Physics, Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, Oct 24-26, 200

    Suppression of the high pTp_T charged hadron RAAR_{AA} at the LHC

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    We present a parameter free postdiction of the high-pTp_T charged-hadron nuclear modification factor (RAAR_{AA}) in two centralities, measured by the CMS collaboration in PbPb-PbPb collisions at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The evolution of the bulk medium is modeled using viscous fluid dynamics, with parameters adjusted to describe the soft hadron yields and elliptic flow. Assuming the dominance of radiative energy loss, we compute the medium modification of the RAAR_{AA} using a perturbative QCD based formalism, the higher twist scheme. The transverse momentum diffusion coefficient q^\hat{q} is assumed to scale with the entropy density and normalized by fitting the RAAR_{AA} in the most central AuAu-AuAu collisions at the Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider (RHIC). This set up is validated in non-central AuAu-AuAu collisions at RHIC and then extrapolated to PbPb-PbPb collisions at the LHC, keeping the relation between q^\hat{q} and entropy density unchanged. We obtain a satisfactory description of the CMS RAAR_{AA} over the pTp_{T} range from 10-100 GeV.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figures, revtex4, new experimental data used, new calculations with systematic error bands, changed abstract and contents, conclusions unchange

    Extending Soft-Collinear-Effective-Theory to describe hard jets in dense QCD media

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    An extension to the Soft-Collinear-Effective Theory (SCET) description of hard jets is motivated to include the leading contributions between the propagating partons within the jet with partons radiated from a dense extended medium. The resulting effective Lagrangian, containing both a leading and a power suppressed (in the hard scale Q2Q^2) contribution, arises primarily from interactions between the hard collinear modes in the jet with Glauber modes from the medium. In this first attempt, the interactions between the hard jet and soft and collinear partonic modes have been ignored, in an effort to focus solely on the interactions with the Glauber modes. While the effect of such modes on vacuum cross sections are suppressed by powers of the hard scale compared to the terms from the SCET Lagrangian, such sub-leading contributions are enhanced by the extent of the medium and result in measurable corrections. The veracity of the derived Lagrangian is checked by direct comparison with known results from full QCD calculations of two physical observables: the transverse momentum broadening of hard jets in dense media and a reanalysis of the transverse momentum dependent parton distribution function (TMDPDF).Comment: 19 pages, 6 figures, revtex4, discussion on power counting updated, references adde

    A General Relativistic study of the neutrino path and calculation of minimum photosphere for different stars

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    A detailed general relativistic (GR) calculation of the neutrino path for a general metric describing a rotating star is studied. We have calculated the neutrino path along a plane, with the consideration that the neutrino does not at any time leave the plane. The expression for the minimum photosphere radius (MPR) is obtained and matched with the Schwarzschild limit. The MPR is calculated for the stars with two different equations of state (EOS) each rotating with two different velocities. The results shows that the MPR for the hadronic star is much greater than the quark star and the MPR increases as the rotational velocity of the star decreases. The MPR along the polar plane is larger than that along the equatorial plane.Comment: 13 pages, 5 figures and 1 tabl

    Dihadron fragmentation functions and high Pt hadron-hadron correlations

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    We propose the formulation of a dihadron fragmentation function in terms of parton matrix elements. Under the collinear factorization approximation and facilitated by the cut-vertex technique, the two hadron inclusive cross section at leading order (LO) in e+ e- annihilation is shown to factorize into a short distance parton cross section and the long distance dihadron fragmentation function. We also derive the DGLAP evolution equation of this function at leading log. The evolution equation for the non-singlet quark fragmentation function is solved numerically with a simple ansatz for the initial condition and results are presented for cases of physical interest.Comment: Latex, 4 pages, 4 figures, talk given at Quark Matter 2004, To appear in J. Phys.

    Squeezing lepton pairs out of broken symmetries

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    We discuss two possible signatures of symmetry breaking that can appear in dilepton spectra, as measured in relativistic heavy ion collisions. The first involves scalar-vector meson mixing and is related to the breaking of Lorentz symmetry by a hot medium. The second is related to the breaking of Furry's theorem by a charged quark-gluon plasma. Those signals will be accessible to upcoming measurements to be performed at the GSI, RHIC, and the LHC.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figures, talk given at the INPC 2001 (International Conference on Nuclear Physics), 30 July - 3 August 2001, Berkeley, C

    Jet modification in three dimensional fluid dynamics at next-to-leading twist

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    The modification of the single inclusive spectrum of high transverse momentum (pTp_T ) pions emanating from an ultra-relativistic heavy-ion collision is investigated. The deconfined sector is modelled using a full three dimensional (3-D) ideal fluid dynamics simulation. Energy loss of high pTp_T partons and the ensuing modification of their fragmentation is calculated within perturbative QCD at next-to-leading twist, where the magnitude of the higher twist contribution is modulated by the entropy density extracted from the 3-D fluid dynamics simulation. The nuclear modification factor (RAAR_{AA}) for pions with a pT8p_T \geq 8 GeV as a function of centrality as well as with respect to the reaction plane is calculated. The magnitude of contributions to the differential RAAR_{AA} within small angular ranges, from various depths in the dense matter is extracted from the calculation and demonstrate the correlation of the length integrated density and the RAAR_{AA} from a given depth. The significance of the mixed and hadronic phase to the overall magnitude of energy loss are explored.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figures, Revte
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