431,639 research outputs found

    An Investigation on the Larval Habitat of Five Species of Tree-Hole Breeding Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae)

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    A two-year study on the larval habitat of five species of tree-hole breeding mosquitoes was conducted in the vicinity of Bowling Green, Wood County, Ohio. Ninety-eight tree holes containing mosquito larvae were studied. Larval collections (27,741 specimens) were comprised of Aedes rriseriarus (90.8%), Orrhopodomyia signifera (3.3%), Aedes hendersoni (3.2%), Anopheles barberi (2.7%) and Orrhopodomyia alba (\u3c 0.1%). Chemical parameters (BOD, tannin-lignin, pH, and conductivity) of different tree holes were evaluated. Although different tree-hole species were commonly found in association with one another at breeding sites, ecological differences between species were found in spatial, trophic, and temporal niche dimensions

    Bacteria as Ovipositional Attractants for \u3ci\u3eCulex Pipiens\u3c/i\u3e (Diptera: Culicidae)

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    (excerpt) The study of factors and mechanisms involving ovipositional attractants in mosquitoes is still a relatively new area of research. Some early workers in mosquito biology suggested that gravid mosquitoes simply scattered their eggs indiscriminately on available aquatic sites; however, numerous field studies have failed to provide any real evidence for indiscriminate oviposition. The current idea is that oviposition involves not only locating an aquatic site, but the selection of an environment containing the necessary physical, chemical, and biotic factors required for larval development. It is desirable for female mosquitoes to be able to detect a breeding site that can successfully provide an environment suitable for development of their own species. According to Kramer and Mulla (1979), it is most likely that gravid females of different species use different factors in cueing in on and selecting ovipositional sites

    Contactless pellet fabrication

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    A small object is coated by holding it in the pressure well of an acoustic standing wave pattern, and then applying a mist of liquid coating material at low velocity into the pressure well. The pressure gradient within the well forces the mist particles to be pushed against the object. A lower frequency acoustic wave also can be applied to the coated object, to vibrate it so as to evenly distribute the coated material. The same lower frequency vibrations can be applied to an object in the shape of a hollow sphere, to center the inner and outer surfaces of the sphere while it remains suspended
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