29 research outputs found

    Spherical collapse of a heat conducting fluid in higher dimensions without horizon

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    We consider a scenario where the interior spacetime,described by a heat conducting fluid sphere is matched to a Vaidya metric in higher dimensions.Interestingly we get a class of solutions, where following heat radiation the boundary surface collapses without the appearance of an event horizon at any stage and this happens with reasonable properties of matter field.The non-occurrence of a horizon is due to the fact that the rate of mass loss exactly counterbalanced by the fall of boundary radius.Evidently this poses a counter example to the so-called cosmic censorship hypothesis.Two explicit examples of this class of solutions are also given and it is observed that the rate of collapse is delayed with the introduction of extra dimensions.The work extends to higher dimensions our previous investigation in 4D.Comment: 6 page

    Qualitative Analysis of Causal Anisotropic Viscous Fluid Cosmological Models

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    The truncated Israel-Stewart theory of irreversible thermodynamics is used to describe the bulk viscous pressure and the anisotropic stress in a class of spatially homogeneous viscous fluid cosmological models. The governing system of differential equations is written in terms of dimensionless variables and a set of dimensionless equations of state is utilized to complete the system. The resulting dynamical system is then analyzed using standard geometric techniques. It is found that the presence of anisotropic stress plays a dominant role in the evolution of the anisotropic models. In particular, in the case of the Bianchi type I models it is found that anisotropic stress leads to models that violate the weak energy condition and to the creation of a periodic orbit in some instances. The stability of the isotropic singular points is analyzed in the case with zero heat conduction; it is found that there are ranges of parameter values such that there exists an attracting isotropic Friedmann-Robertson-Walker model. In the case of zero anisotropic stress but with non-zero heat conduction the stability of the singular points is found to be the same as in the corresponding case with zero heat conduction; hence the presence of heat conduction does not apparently affect the global dynamics of the model.Comment: 35 pages, REVTeX, 3 Encapsulated PostScript Figure

    Symmetries of Bianchi I space-times

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    All diagonal proper Bianchi I space-times are determined which admit certain important symmetries. It is shown that for Homotheties, Conformal motions and Kinematic Self-Similarities the resulting space-times are defined explicitly in terms of a set of parameters whereas Affine Collineations, Ricci Collineations and Curvature Collineations, if they are admitted, they determine the metric modulo certain algebraic conditions. In all cases the symmetry vectors are explicitly computed. The physical and the geometrical consequences of the results are discussed and a new anisitropic fluid, physically valid solution which admits a proper conformal Killing vector, is given.Comment: 19 pages, LaTex, Accepted for publication in Journal of Mathematical Physic

    Sound Speeds, Cracking and Stability of Self-Gravitating Anisotropic Compact Objects

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    Using the the concept of cracking we explore the influence of density fluctuations and local anisotropy have on the stability of local and non-local anisotropic matter configurations in general relativity. This concept, conceived to describe the behaviour of a fluid distribution just after its departure from equilibrium, provides an alternative approach to consider the stability of selfgravitating compact objects. We show that potentially unstable regions within a configuration can be identify as a function of the difference of propagations of sound along tangential and radial directions. In fact, it is found that these regions could occur when, at particular point within the distribution, the tangential speed of sound is greater than radial one.Comment: 17 pages, 8 figures, 4 new references added. typos correcte

    Equation of state and transport processes in self--similar spheres

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    We study the effect of transport processes (diffusion and free--streaming) on a collapsing spherically symmetric distribution of matter in a self--similar space--time. A very simple solution shows interesting features when it is matched with the Vaidya exterior solution. In the mixed case (diffusion and free--streaming), we find a barotropic equation of state in the stationary regime. In the diffusion approximation the gravitational potential at the surface is always constant; if we perturb the stationary state, the system is very stable, recovering the barotropic equation of state as time progresses. In the free--streaming case the self--similar evolution is stationary but with a non--barotropic equation of state.Comment: 9 pages, 2 figure

    Inhomogeneous cosmologies, the Copernican principle and the cosmic microwave background: More on the EGS theorem

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    We discuss inhomogeneous cosmological models which satisfy the Copernican principle. We construct some inhomogeneous cosmological models starting from the ansatz that the all the observers in the models view an isotropic cosmic microwave background. We discuss multi-fluid models, and illustrate how more general inhomogeneous models may be derived, both in General Relativity and in scalar-tensor theories of gravity. Thus we illustrate that the cosmological principle, the assumption that the Universe we live in is spatially homogeneous, does not necessarily follow from the Copernican principle and the high isotropy of the cosmic microwave background.Comment: 17 pages; to appear in GR

    Radiating Shear-Free Gravitational Collapse with Charge

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    We present a new shear free model for the gravitational collapse of a spherically symmetric charged body. We propose a dissipative contraction with radiation emitted outwards. The Einstein field equations, using the junction conditions and an ansatz, are integrated numerically. A check of the energy conditions is also performed. We obtain that the charge delays the black hole formation and it can even halt the collapse.Comment: 22 pages, 9 figures. It has been corrected several typos and included several references. Accepted for publication in GR

    Gravitational collapse without a remnant

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    We investigate the gravitational collapse of a spherically symmetric, inhomogeneous star, which is described by a perfect fluid with heat flow and satisfies the equation of state p=¤ü/3p=\rho/3 or p=C\rho^\ga at its center. Different from the ordinary process of gravitational collapsing, the energy of the whole star is emitted into space. And the remaining spacetime is a Minkowski one at the end of the process.Comment: 9 pages, 9 figures, to appear in Int. J. Theor. Phy


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    The gravitational collapse of a radiating sphere consisting of a heat-conducting fluid with shear-free and radial motion is considered. In the exterior of the sphere we assume VaidyaÔÇÖs outgoing metric, while in the interior we have a neutrino flux described by a pure radiation term in the energy-momentum tensor. At first, a brief review including some new considerations of a similar, previously studied model, is given. Then, a new model is presented, in which the space-time interior to the collapsing sphere is conformally flat