9,781 research outputs found

    Forum: Teaching the Future Rich: How to Best Give Money

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    Comparison of 2nd generation LiDAR wind measurement technique with CFD numerical modelling

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    With the rapid increase in both on and offshore wind turbine deployment there is a requirement for a better understanding of the flow field in which such devices are deployed. Greater understanding of the flow field is necessary for optimisation of turbine control, turbine design, and machine interaction as well as maximise operation and performance. Advanced measurement tools can characterise the flow regime by either acoustic or laser pulses to measure the line of sight velocity of airborne particles. Such technology facilitates the acquisition of detailed and precise measurements of wind speed and direction remote from the device location; some solutions can even provide detail of the flow structure of the wind in the measurement field. In the current study an analysis of the methodology, relevance and potential of a 2nd generation LiDAR is presented along with results of a deployment at an onshore wind farm. The results demonstrate the potential of the LiDAR to capture details of wind farm flow and structures, along with the potential to corroborate numerical techniques with the measured data. Advances in Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) approaches coupled with the availability of significant computational resources makes it possible to conduct a valid comparative assessment. This paper presents the details of this comparative assessment and makes a judgement on the accuracy of the approach. The results show that remote sensing devices offer a useful and accurate capability for wind vector analysis and flow visualisation, along with the flexibility to organise bespoke measurement campaigns. The study also presents methodologies by which such devices can be used as validation tools for CFD

    Development of Organic Breads and Confectionery

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    End of project reportIn recent years, concern for the environment and consumer dissatisfaction with conventional food has led to growing interest in organic farming and food. The demand has also been fuelled by highly-publicised food scares. Food safety and genetic modification issues have led some consumers to opt for organic food as a safer alternative. Recently, there has been a significant increase in the number of launches of organic bakery products in Ireland. As a result, there is an increased need to identify suitable organic bakery ingredients for use in bread and confectionery formulations. However, only a limited number of scientific studies on the physical, chemical and functional properties of organic flours and ingredients exist. The effects of commonly-used ingredients in baking, i.e. organic improvers and fats, on the baking characteristics of organic products have not yet been reported and little is known about the influence of approved additives that may be beneficial to organic baking. Arising from these gaps in the knowledge base on the use of organic flours and ingredients, the objective of this study was to evaluate the chemical, rheological and baking characteristics of white, wholemeal and confectionery organic flours and to assess the baking potential of organic bakery ingredients, in particular improvers, fats and additives. Ingredients and baked goods were compared to non-organic controls.National Development Plan (NDP

    Income Tax Aspects of Partnership Formation

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    Income Tax Aspects of Partnership Formatio

    Strategic Implications of the All-Volunteer Force

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    St. John of the Cross : the poetics of heroism and the heroism of poetics

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    In Chapter 1, I demonstrate a dialectical circularity between St. John's early years through the year 1568 and his theological, vocational and literary achievements. Chapter 2 offers a verbal and nominal analysis of the "Cántico espiritual" from which I show three new strains of interpretation: First, a personal dialogue on the attainment of true love; second, the inclusion of sacramental imagery; and third, a heroic trajectory of the poetic soul. In Chapter 3, I present an analysis of "Noche oscura" and "Llama de amor viva," whereby I demonstrate that both poems belong to the same poetics. All in all, this paper shows that St. John's biography, vocation and mystical heights merge, only later to emerge, as lyrical expressions of life, theology and divine experience

    Acrylamide formation in potato products

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    End of Project ReportAcrylamide, a substance classified as a potential carcinogen, occurs in heated starchy foods at concentrations many times in excess of levels permitted in drinking water. Early surveys indicated that levels of acrylamide in potato products such as French fries and potato crisps were the highest of the foodstuffs investigated. The present project addressed this issue by determining levels of acrylamide precursors (asparagine and reducing sugars) in raw potatoes and levels of acrylamide in (i) potato products from different storage regimes, (ii) spot-sampled potatoes purchased from a local supermarket, (iii) samples that received pre-treatments and were fried at different temperatures and (iv) French fries reheated in different ovens.A risk assessment of the estimated acrylamide intake from potato products for various cohorts of the Irish population was also conducted

    A case of bovine raw milk contamination with Listeria monocytogenes

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    peer-reviewedDuring routine sampling of bulk raw milk on a dairy farm, the pathogenic bacteria Listeria monocytogenes was found to be a contaminant, at numbers < 100 cfu/ml. A strain with an indistinguishable pulsed-field gel electrophoresis pattern was isolated from the bulk milk two months later. Environmental swabs taken at the dairy environment were negative for the presence of L. monocytogenes, indicating a possible case of excretion of the L. monocytogenes directly into the milk. Milk samples were collected from the individual cows and analysed, resulting in the identification of L. monocytogenes excretion (at 280 cfu/ml) from one of the 4 mammary quarters of one dairy cow out of 180. When the infected cow was isolated from the herd, no L. monocytogenes was detected from the remaining herd. The pulsed-field gel electrophoresis pattern of the strain from the individual cow was indistinguishable from that originally isolated from the bulk milk. The infected cow did not show any clinical signs of disease, nor did the appearance of the milk have any physical abnormalities. Antibiotic treatment of the infected mammary quarter was found to be ineffective. This study shows that there can be risks associated with direct contamination of raw milk with L. monocytogenes.Teagasc Walsh Fellowship; Irish Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Food Institutional Research Measure (Irish Microbial Risk Assessment Network project); European Union (EU), 6th Framework Programme (BIOTRACER project)
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