37 research outputs found

    Pr谩cticas de prevenci贸n primaria de c谩ncer cervicouterino en mujeres adolescentes y adultas que acuden al consultorio de prevenci贸n de c谩ncer ginecol贸gico del Hospital Nacional Sergio E. Bernales marzo 2016

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    OBJETIVO: Determinar la diferencia en las Pr谩cticas de Prevenci贸n Primaria de C谩ncer Cervicouterino entre las mujeres adolescentes y adultas que acuden al Consultorio de Prevenci贸n de C谩ncer Ginecol贸gico del Hospital Nacional Sergio E. Bernales en Marzo del a帽o 2016. METODOLOG脥A: Estudio de tipo descriptivo, con dise帽o comparativo, prospectivo de corte Transversal, el cu谩l cont贸 con una muestra de 90 mujeres adultas y 26 mujeres adolescentes que se atienden en el Consultorio de Prevenci贸n de C谩ncer Ginecol贸gico del Hospital Nacional Sergio E. Bernales. Para el an谩lisis de confiabilidad del instrumento de investigaci贸n se utiliz贸 el programa estad铆stico SPSS versi贸n 23 para Windows y Ms Excel 2013. Asimismo, se aplic贸 la prueba alfa de Cronbach para determinar el coeficiente de confiabilidad por tener el cuestionario respuestas polit贸micas. RESULTADOS: En las mujeres adolescentes tenemos que el 53.8% son solteras, el 61.5% termin贸 la Secundaria y el 50% proviene del distrito de Carabayllo. Las Pr谩cticas de Prevenci贸n Primaria de C谩ncer Cervicouterino relacionadas al aspecto reproductivo son: en un 57.7% han limitado el n煤mero de embarazos a 1, un 77.8% no evitaron un embarazo precoz, el 76.5% limitaron el n煤mero de partos vaginales a 1, ninguna refiri贸 un uso prolongado de los m茅todos anticonceptivos hormonales orales y un 65.4% usa preservativo durante las relaciones sexuales; en la conducta sexual un 84.6% no retrasaron el inicio de su vida sexual, el 61.5% limitan el n煤mero de parejas sexuales a 1 y el 84.6% evita el contagio de una ITS; en los h谩bitos alimenticios el 69.2% de las adolescentes refirieron no consumir frutas 4 veces por semanas, el 57.7% no consumir leche y derivados 4 veces por semana y 69.2% no consumir menestras y legumbres 4 veces por semana; y en cuanto la vacuna contra VPH, el 50% de las adolescentes refirieron no haber escuchado o le铆do sobre la vacuna contra el VPH, el 46.2% indica que s贸lo mujeres pueden vacunarse contra el VPH seg煤n la campa帽a del Ministerio de Salud y que la edad propicia para vacunarse seg煤n la campa帽a del Ministerio de Salud es de 9 a 13 a帽os. En las mujeres adultas el 53.3% son convivientes, el 42.2% termin贸 la Secundaria y el 68.9% proviene del Distrito de Comas. Las Pr谩cticas de Prevenci贸n Primaria de C谩ncer Cervicouterino relacionadas al aspecto reproductivo son: el 74.4% no limita el n煤mero de embarazos a 1, un 55.7% evit贸 un embarazo precoz, el 59.5% no limit贸 el n煤mero de partos vaginales a 1 o 2, el 30% evit un uso prolongado los m茅todos anticonceptivos hormonales orales y el 68.9% usa preservativo durante sus relaciones sexuales; en la conducta sexual el 55.6% no retras贸 el inicio de su vida sexual, el 30% limita su n煤mero de parejas sexuales a 1, el 84.4% evita en contagio de una ITS; en los h谩bitos alimenticios el 75.6% indica s铆 consumir frutas 4 veces por semana, el 57.8% s铆 consumir leche y derivados 4 veces por semana y el 54.4% no consumen menestras y legumbres 4 veces por semana; y lo relacionado a la vacuna contra el VPH, el 71.1% refiri贸 haber escuchado o le铆do sobre la vacuna contra el VPH, el 54.4% que las mujeres pueden vacunarse seg煤n la campa帽a del Ministerio de Salud y que la edad id贸nea para vacunarse seg煤n la campa帽a del Ministerio de Salud es de 9 a 13 a帽os seg煤n el 47.8%. CONCLUSI脫N: Si existe diferencia en las Pr谩cticas de Prevenci贸n Primaria de C谩ncer Cervicouterino entre las mujeres adolescentes y adultas que acuden al Consultorio de Prevenci贸n de C谩ncer Ginecol贸gico del Hospital Nacional Sergio E. Bernales en Marzo del a帽o 2016. PALABRAS CLAVES: Pr谩cticas de Prevenci贸n Primaria, Factores de Riesgo, C谩ncer Cervicouterino.--- OBJECTIVE: To determine the difference in Practice Primary Cervical Cancer Prevention among adolescents and adult women attending clinics Gynecologic Cancer Prevention Sergio E. Bernales National Hospital in March 2016. METHODOLOGY: Descriptive study with comparative, prospective cross-sectional design which featured a sample of 90 adult women and 26 adolescent women attending the Clinic of Gynecological Cancer Prevention Sergio E. Bernales National Hospital. For the analysis of reliability of research instrument SPSS version 23 for Windows and MS Excel 2013. Also the Cronbach's alpha was applied to determine the coefficient of reliability by having the questionnaire responses was used polytomous. RESULTS: In adolescent women have the 53.8% are single, 61.5% completed high school and 50% comes from the district of Carabayllo. Practices Primary Prevention of Cancer related to reproductive aspect Cervicouterino are: 57.7% have limited the number of pregnancies to 1, 77.8% did not prevent early pregnancy, 76.5% limited the number of vaginal deliveries 1, none he referred prolonged use of hormonal oral contraceptives and 65.4% used a condom during sex; sexual behavior 84.6% did not delay the onset of sexual life, 61.5% limit the number of sexual partners and 84.6% 1 prevent spread of an STI; in eating habits 69.2% of adolescents reported not eating fruits 4 times per week, 57.7% not consume milk and dairy products 4 times a week and 69.2% did not consume legumes and pulses 4 times a week; and as soon as the vaccine against HPV, half of adolescents reported not to have heard or read about the HPV vaccine, 46.2% responded that both women and men can be vaccinated according to the campaign of the Ministry of Health, while another 46.2%, only women and that promotes age to be vaccinated according to the Ministry of Health campaign is 9 to 13 years. In adult women they are cohabiting 53.3%, 42.2% completed high school and 68.9% comes from the District of Comas. Practices Primary Prevention of Cancer related to reproductive aspect Cervicouterino are: 74.4% does not limit the number of pregnancies to 1, 55.7% avoided early pregnancy, 59.5% did not limit the number of vaginal deliveries to 1 or 2, the 30% avoid prolonged use oral hormonal contraceptive methods and 68.9% used a condom during sex; sexual behavior 55.6% did not delay the onset of sexual life, 30% limit their number of sexual partners 1, 84.4% avoids transmission of an STI; in eating habits 75.6% indicated yes consume fruits 4 times a week, 57.8% do consume milk and dairy products 4 times a week and 54.4% do not consume legumes and pulses 4 times a week; and related to the HPV vaccine, 71.1% reported having heard or read about the HPV vaccine, 54.4% women can be vaccinated according to the campaign of the Ministry of Health and the ideal age for vaccination according to campaign the Ministry of Health is 9 to 13 years by 47.8%. CONCLUSIONS: There is a difference in Practice Primary Cervical Cancer Prevention among adolescents and adult women attending clinics Gynecologic Cancer Prevention Sergio E. Bernales National Hospital in March 2016. KEY WORDS: Primary Prevention Practices, Risk Factors, Cervical Cancer.Tesi

    IDENTIFICA脟脙O DE TERPENOS NO 脫LEO ESSENCIAL DOS FRUTOS DE Campomanesia adamantium (Cambess茅des) O. Berg 鈥 MYRTACEAE

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    O presente trabalho teve como objetivo identificar os componentes qu铆micos vol谩teis que contribuem para o aroma agrad谩vel exalado pelos frutos de Campomanesia adamantium, Myrtaceae, popularmente conhecida por gabiroba ou guabiroba comum no cerrado. A caracteriza莽茫o qu铆mica do 贸leo essencial (0,05% v/p) foi realizada utilizando-se a t茅cnica da cromatografia a g谩s, acoplada 脿 espectrometria de massas (CG-EM). O resultado da an谩lise atesta a presen莽a de 30 componentes entre monoterpenos de f贸rmulas qu铆micas iguais a C10H14, C10H16; C10H18O, C11H18O2, e sesquiterpenos, de f贸rmulas qu铆micas equivalentes a C15H24 e C15H24O no 贸leo dos frutos dessa esp茅cie

    Chemical composition modulates the adverse effects of particles on the mucociliary epithelium

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    OBJECTIVE:We compared the adverse effects of two types of real ambient particles; i.e., total suspended particles from an electrostatic precipitator of a steel mill and fine air particles from an urban ambient particulate matter of 2.5 碌m, on mucociliary clearance.METHOD:Mucociliary function was quantified by mucociliary transport, ciliary beating frequency and the amount of acid and neutral mucous in epithelial cells through morphometry of frog palate preparations. The palates were immersed in one of the following solutions: total suspended particles (0.1 mg/mL), particulate matter 2.5 碌m 0.1 mg/mL (PM0.1) or 3.0 mg/mL (PM3.0) and amphibian Ringer鈥檚 solution (control). Particle chemical compositions were determined by X-ray fluorescence and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry.RESULTS:Exposure to total suspended particles and PM3.0 decreased mucociliary transport. Ciliary beating frequency was diminished by total suspended particles at all times during exposure, while particulate matter of 2.5 碌m did not elicit changes. Particulate matter of 2.5 碌m reduced epithelial mucous and epithelium thickness, while total suspended particles behaved similarly to the control group. Total suspended particles exhibited a predominance of Fe and no organic compounds, while the particulate matter 2.5 碌m contained predominant amounts of S, Fe, Si and, to a lesser extent, Cu, Ni, V, Zn and organic compounds.CONCLUSION:Our results showed that different compositions of particles induced different airway epithelial responses, emphasizing that knowledge of their individual characteristics may help to establish policies aimed at controlling air pollution

    Sickness presenteeism determines job satisfaction via affective-motivational states

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    Research on the consequences of sickness presenteeism, or the phenomenon of attending work whilst ill, has focused predominantly on identifying its economic, health, and absenteeism outcomes, neglecting important attitudinal-motivational outcomes. A mediation model of sickness presenteeism as a determinant of job satisfaction via affective-motivational states (specifically engagement with work and addiction to work) is proposed. This model adds to the current literature, by focusing on (i) job satisfaction as an outcome of presenteeism, and (ii) the psychological processes associated with this. It posits presenteeism as psychological absence and work engagement and work addiction as motivational states that originate in that. An online survey was completed by 158 office workers on sickness presenteeism, work engagement, work addiction, and job satisfaction. The results of bootstrapped mediation analysis with observable variables supported the model. Sickness presenteeism was negatively associated with job satisfaction. This relationship was fully mediated by both engagement with work and addiction to work, explaining a total of 48.07% of the variance in job satisfaction. Despite the small sample, the data provide preliminary support for the model. Given that there is currently no available research on the attitudinal consequences of presenteeism, these findings offer promise for advancing theorising in this area
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