3,611 research outputs found

    Character and Candor Requirements for FCC Licensees

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    The Communications Act explicitly makes the applicant\u27s character an element in licensing. Applications must set forth such facts as the Commission by regulation may prescribe as to the citizenship, character, and financial, technical, and other qualifications of the applicant to operate the station. Even in the absence of such guidance, the Commission could scarcely ignore evidence of bad character in making its ultimate determination whether a grant will serve the public convenience, interest, or necessity. The Act mentions the related problem of misrepresentation only in connection with the Commission\u27s power to revoke licenses. Misrepresentation, or lack of candor, may, nevertheless, be treated as a defect of character, or as an independent ground for finding that public interest does not call for licensing someone who deceives the licensing authority. There is, it will appear, not much question about the Commission\u27s power to demand high standards of truthfulness and candor as well as of character. There is also little doubt that, at least for the last decade, the Commission has set high standards. The questions that merit attention are rather these: 1) In what circumstances is the power exercised? 2) Is it abused, either by the Commission or by parties who bring before the Commission unwarranted charges of bad character or of deception? 3) If there are abuses, how can they be checked? It may be said at the outset, without trying to prefigure any recommendations in conclusion, that there appear to be two forms of excessive concern with character and candor. The first is a tendency of parties, in hard-fought comparative proceedings, to dredge up remote and far-fetched charges of any conceivable kind of wrongdoing. The second, in which the Commission has taken the lead, is to make questionable inquiries about radical or subversive political associations. Examples of these practices will emerge from the discussion that follows

    Foreign banks and foreign currency lending in emerging Europe

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    Based on survey data from 193 banks in 20 countries we provide the first bank-level analysis of the relationship between bank ownership, bank funding and foreign currency (FX) lending across emerging Europe. Our results contradict the widespread view that foreign banks have been driving FX lending to retail clients as a result of easier access to foreign wholesale funding. Our cross-sectional analysis shows that foreign banks do lend more in FX to corporate clients but not to households. Moreover, we find no evidence that wholesale funding had a strong causal effect on FX lending for either foreign or domestic banks. Panel estimations show that the foreign acquisition of a domestic bank does lead to faster growth in FX lending to households. However, this is driven by faster growth in household lending in general not by a shift towards FX lending.Foreign banks; FX lending; financial integration; Emerging Europe

    Alien Registration- Brown, Ralph H. (Millinocket, Penobscot County)

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    Ralph Brown Letter

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    Professor Brown provides feedback on the May 1973 draft proposal for an association of law teachers

    Copyright-like Protection for Designs

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    For many decades, the preferred route to protection against imitators of original designs has been a variation of the protection of the law of copyright. Many participants and observers, both interested and disinterested, believe that design is under-protected. Congress, however, has yet to be persuaded that additional protection is needed. This Article reviews the quest for copyright-like protection of designs. This quest falls into two uneven time spans. One stretches from before the 1930s—more intensely from 1957—through 1983. Every Congress, since the 85th in 1957, has witnessed the introduction of a bill to protect the ornamental designs of useful articles. These bills have passed the Senate five times but have never received favorable treatment in the House. The second time span is just a blink from 1985, when the perennial bill came to be titled Industrial Designs of Useful Articles, and a significant shift of emphasis occurred. This Article considers whether this changeling has any better chance of passage than its predecessors, and further, whether as a matter of public policy, it should become law

    Patterns of Change in the Spatial and Functional Aspects of Trade Centers and Trade Areas in South Dakota

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    Rapid changes have occurred in the Great Plains over the years. At the turn of the century, the small towns that dotted the country-side served as full-service centers for the surrounding territory. They provided all the necessary marketing facilities and consumer goods as well as acting as centers for social functions. In the intervening years, some of these centers have increased tremendously in size while others have ceased to grow or have, in fact, declined. The profound economic and technological advances in farming, marketing, transportation, and merchandising have affected the number, size, functions, and viability of the cities and towns. As a result, leaders throughout South Dakota are concerned about the changes and what further changes can be expected. The complete realm of economic and social life has been influenced by these changes. Local governments, businesses, education, churches, health care, transportation, and farm life have all been put under increased pressure. Many communities are in economic and population decline while others grow, some very rapidly. These phenomena are observable in South Dakota in varying degrees. This research was oriented to answering the question: Can these differential rates of growth be explained by economic activities and geographical factors