621 research outputs found

    Gravitating Brane Systems: Some General Theorems

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    Multidimensional gravity interacting with intersecting electric and magnetic pp-branes is considered for fields depending on a single variable. Some general features of the system behaviour are revealed without solving the field equations. Thus, essential asymptotic properties of isotropic cosmologies are indicated for different signs of spatial curvature; a no-hair-type theorem and a single-time theorem for black holes are proved (the latter makes sense in models with multiple time coordinates). The validity of the general observations is verified for a class of exact solutions known for the cases when certain vectors, built from the input parameters of the model, are either orthogonal in minisuperspace, or form mutually orthogonal subsystems. From the non-existence of Lorentzian wormholes, a universal restriction is obtained, applicable to orthogonal or block-orthogonal subsystems of any pp-brane system.Comment: 13 pages, Latex2e, 1 Latex figure, uses bezier.st

    Neutral and charged matter in equilibrium with black holes

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    We study the conditions of a possible static equilibrium between spherically symmetric, electrically charged or neutral black holes and ambient matter. The following kinds of matter are considered: (1) neutral and charged matter with a linear equation of state p_r = w\rho (for neutral matter the results of our previous work are reproduced), (2) neutral and charged matter with p_r \sim \rho^m, m > 1, and (3) the possible presence of a "vacuum fluid" (the cosmological constant or, more generally, anything that satisfies the equality T^0_0 = T^1_1 at least at the horizon). We find a number of new cases of such an equilibrium, including those generalizing the well-known Majumdar-Papapetrou conditions for charged dust. It turns out, in particular, that ultraextremal black holes cannot be in equilibrium with any matter in the absence of a vacuum fluid; meanwhile, matter with w > 0, if it is properly charged, can surround an extremal charged black hole.Comment: 12 pages, no figures, final version published in PR

    Regular phantom black holes

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    For self-gravitating, static, spherically symmetric, minimally coupled scalar fields with arbitrary potentials and negative kinetic energy (favored by the cosmological observations), we give a classification of possible regular solutions to the field equations with flat, de Sitter and AdS asymptotic behavior. Among the 16 presented classes of regular rsolutions are traversable wormholes, Kantowski-Sachs (KS) cosmologies beginning and ending with de Sitter stages, and asymptotically flat black holes (BHs). The Penrose diagram of a regular BH is Schwarzschild-like, but the singularity at r=0r=0 is replaced by a de Sitter infinity, which gives a hypothetic BH explorer a chance to survive. Such solutions also lead to the idea that our Universe could be created from a phantom-dominated collapse in another universe, with KS expansion and isotropization after crossing the horizon. Explicit examples of regular solutions are built and discussed. Possible generalizations include kk-essence type scalar fields (with a potential) and scalar-tensor theories of gravity.Comment: revtex4, 4 pages, no figure

    The Birkhoff Theorem in Multidimensional Gravity

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    The validity conditions for the extended Birkhoff theorem in multidimensional gravity with nn internal spaces are formulated, with no restriction on space-time dimensionality and signature. Examples of matter sources and geometries for which the theorem is valid are given. Further generalization of the theorem is discussed.Comment: 8 page

    Stability of thin-shell wormholes with spherical symmetry

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    In this article, the stability of a general class of spherically symmetric thin-shell wormholes is studied under perturbations preserving the symmetry. For this purpose, the equation of state at the throat is linearized around the static solutions. The formalism presented here is applied to dilaton wormholes and it is found that there is a smaller range of possible stable configurations for them than in the case of Reissner-Nordstrom wormholes with the same charge.Comment: 14 pages, 3 figure

    Notes on wormhole existence in scalar-tensor and F(R) gravity

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    Some recent papers have claimed the existence of static, spherically symmetric wormhole solutions to gravitational field equations in the absence of ghost (or phantom) degrees of freedom. We show that in some such cases the solutions in question are actually not of wormhole nature while in cases where a wormhole is obtained, the effective gravitational constant G_eff is negative in some region of space, i.e., the graviton becomes a ghost. In particular, it is confirmed that there are no vacuum wormhole solutions of the Brans-Dicke theory with zero potential and the coupling constant \omega > -3/2, except for the case \omega = 0; in the latter case, G_eff < 0 in the region beyond the throat. The same is true for wormhole solutions of F(R) gravity: special wormhole solutions are only possible if F(R) contains an extremum at which G_eff changes its sign.Comment: 7 two-column pages, no figures, to appear in Grav. Cosmol. A misprint corrected, references update

    Ring Wormholes in D-Dimensional Einstein and Dilaton Gravity

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    On the basis of exact solutions to the Einstein-Abelian gauge-dilaton equations in DD-dimensional gravity, the properties of static axial configurations are discussed. Solutions free of curvature singularities are selected; they can be attributed to traversible wormholes with cosmic string-like singularities at their necks. In the presence of an electromagnetic field some of these wormholes are globally regular, the string-like singularity being replaced by a set of twofold branching points. Consequences of wormhole regularity and symmetry conditions are discussed. In particular, it is shown that (i) regular, symmetric wormholes have necessarily positive masses as viewed from both asymptotics and (ii) their characteristic length scale in the big charge limit (GM2‚Č™Q2GM^2 \ll Q^2) is of the order of the ``classical radius" Q2/MQ^2/M.Comment: Latex file, 15 page
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