1,260 research outputs found

### Sum rules for an atomic hyperfine structure in a magnetic field

Sum rules for the energy levels of a hyperfine multiplet in a constant
uniform magnetic field is presented. It is found that for any values of the
electron angular moment and the nuclear spin there are certain linear
combinations of energy levels which do not depend on the magnetic field and can
be used to determine the unperturbated hfs separation in the presence of
perturbing magnetic field. It is also demonstrated that there are other linear
combinations which are linear with the external magnetic field and hence can be
used to determine bound values of the electron and nuclear magnetic moments.
The accuracy of the approximation within which the result is valid is also
discussed

### A new method of quantization of classical solutions

Using stochastic quantization method we derive equations for correlators of
quantum fluctuations around the classical solution in the massless phi^4
theory. The obtained equations are then solved in the lowest orders of
perturbation theory, and the first correction to the free propagator of a
quantum fluctuation is calculated.Comment: 8 page

### Ultrafast dynamics of coherences in the quantum Hall system

Using three-pulse four-wave-mixing optical spectroscopy, we study the
ultrafast dynamics of the quantum Hall system. We observe striking differences
as compared to an undoped system, where the 2D electron gas is absent. In
particular, we observe a large off-resonant signal with strong oscillations.
Using a microscopic theory, we show that these are due to many-particle
coherences created by interactions between photoexcited carriers and collective
excitations of the 2D electron gas. We extract quantitative information about
the dephasing and interference of these coherences.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figures, to be published in Phys. Rev. Let

### Estimating specific surface area of fine stream bed sediments from geochemistry

Specific surface area (SSA) of headwater stream bed sediments is a fundamental property which determines the nature of sediment surface reactions and influences ecosystem-level, biological processes. Measurements of SSA – commonly undertaken by BET nitrogen adsorption – are relatively costly in terms of instrumentation and operator time. A novel approach is presented for estimating fine (2.5 mg kg−1), four elements were identified as significant predictors of SSA (ordered by decreasing predictive power): V > Ca > Al > Rb. The optimum model from these four elements accounted for 73% of the variation in bed sediment SSA (range 6–46 m2 g−1) with a root mean squared error of prediction – based on leave-one-out cross-validation – of 6.3 m2 g−1. It is believed that V is the most significant predictor because its concentration is strongly correlated both with the quantity of Fe-oxides and clay minerals in the stream bed sediments, which dominate sediment SSA. Sample heterogeneity in SSA – based on triplicate measurements of sub-samples – was a substantial source of variation (standard error = 2.2 m2 g−1) which cannot be accounted for in the regression model.
The model was used to estimate bed sediment SSA at the other 1792 sites and at 30 duplicate sites where an extra sediment sample had been collected, 25 m from the original site. By delineating sub-catchments for the headwater sediment sites only those sub-catchments were selected with a dominant (>50% of the sub-catchment area) bedrock formation and land use type; the bedrock and land use classes accounted for 39% and 7% of the variation in bed sediment SSA, respectively. Variation in estimated, fine bed sediment SSA from the paired, duplicate sediment sites was small (2.7 m2 g−1), showing that local variation in SSA at stream sites is modest when compared to that between catchments. How the approach might be applied in other environments and its potential limitations are discussed

### Evaluation of the self-energy correction to the g-factor of S states in H-like ions

A detailed description of the numerical procedure is presented for the
evaluation of the one-loop self-energy correction to the $g$-factor of an
electron in the $1s$ and $2s$ states in H-like ions to all orders in $Z\alpha$.Comment: Final version, December 30, 200

### 2s Hyperfine Structure in Hydrogen Atom and Helium-3 Ion

The usefulness of study of hyperfine splitting in the hydrogen atom is
limited on a level of 10 ppm by our knowledge of the proton structure. One way
to go beyond 10 ppm is to study a specific difference of the hyperfine
structure intervals 8 Delta nu_2 - Delta nu_1. Nuclear effects for are not
important this difference and it is of use to study higher-order QED
corrections.Comment: 10 pages, presented at Hydrogen Atom II meeting (2000

### Role of Present and Future Atomic Parity Violation Experiments in Precision Electroweak Tests

Recent reanalyses of the atomic physics effects on the weak charge in cesium
have led to a value in much closer agreement with predictions of the Standard
Model. We review precision electroweak tests, their implications for upper
bounds on the mass of the Higgs boson, possible ways in which these bounds may
be circumvented, and the requirements placed upon accuracy of future atomic
parity violation experiments by these considerations.Comment: 10 pages, LaTeX, 1 figure, to be submitted to Physical Review D, new
data on neutrino deep inelastic scattering include

### Final state interaction in kaons decays

The kaons decays to the pairs of charged and neutral pions are considered in
the framework of the non-relativistic quantum mechanics. The general
expressions for the decay amplitudes to the two different channels accounting
for the strong interaction between pions are obtained. The developed approach
allows one to estimate the contribution of terms of any order in strong
interaction and correctly takes into account the electromagnetic interaction
between the pions in the final state.Comment: 8 page

### Decay process accelerated by tunneling in its very early stage

We examine a fast decay process that arises in the transition period between
the Gaussian and exponential decay processes in quantum decay systems. It is
usually expected that the decay is decelerated by a confinement potential
barrier. However, we find a case where the decay in the transition period is
accelerated by tunneling through a confinement potential barrier. We show that
the acceleration gives rise to an appreciable effect on the time evolution of
the nonescape probability of the decay system.Comment: 4 pages, 6 figures; accepted for publication in Phys. Rev.

### Nuclear-polarization effect to the hyperfine structure in heavy multicharged ions

We have investigated the correction to the hyperfine structure of heavy
multicharged ions, which is connected with the nuclear-polarization effect
caused by the unpaired bound electron. Numerical calculations are performed for
hydrogenlike ions taking into account the dominant collective nuclear
excitations. The correction defines the ultimate limit of precision in accurate
theoretical predictions of the hyperfine-structure splittings

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