145 research outputs found

    On the Formation of Gas Giant Planets on Wide Orbits

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    A new suite of three dimensional radiative, gravitational hydrodynamical models is used to show that gas giant planets are unlikely to form by the disk instability mechanism at distances of ~100 AU to ~200 AU from young stars. A similar result seems to hold for the core accretion mechanism. These results appear to be consistent with the paucity of detections of gas giant planets on wide orbits by infrared imaging surveys, and also imply that if the object orbiting GQ Lupus is a gas giant planet, it most likely did not form at a separation of ~100 AU. Instead, a wide planet around GQ Lup must have undergone a close encounter with a third body that tossed the planet outward to its present distance from its protostar. If it exists, the third body may be detectable by NASA's Space Interferometry Mission.Comment: 13 pages, 4 figures. in press, ApJ Letter

    Three-dimensional evolution of early solar nebula

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    The progress is reported toward the goal of a complete theory of solar nebula formation, with an emphasis on three spatial dimension models of solar nebular formation and evolution. The following subject areas are covered: (1) initial conditions for protostellar collapse; (2) single versus binary star formation; (3) angular momentum transport mechanisms; (4) three dimensional solar nebula models; and (5) implications for planetary formation

    On Pressure Gradients and Rapid Migration of Solids in an Inhomogeneous Solar Nebula

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    We study the motions of small solids, ranging from micron-sized dust grains to 100-m objects, in the vicinity of a local density enhancement of an isothermal gaseous solar nebula. Being interested in possible application of the results to the formation of clumps and spiral arms in a circumstellar disk, we numerically integrate the equations of motion of such solids and study their migration for different values of their sizes and masses and also for different physical properties of the gas, such as its density and temperature. We show that, considering the drag force of the gas and also the gravitational attraction of the nebula, it is possible for solids, within a certain range of size and mass, to migrate rapidly (i.e. within ~1000 years) toward the location of a local maximum density where collisions and coagulation may result in an accelerated rate of planetesimal formation.Comment: 20 pages, 7 figures, submitted for publicatio
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