125 research outputs found

    On the spectrum of sum and product of non-hermitian random matrices

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    In this short note, we revisit the work of T. Tao and V. Vu on large non-hermitian random matrices with independent and identically distributed entries with mean zero and unit variance. We prove under weaker assumptions that the limit spectral distribution of sum and product of non-hermitian random matrices is universal. As a byproduct, we show that the generalized eigenvalues distribution of two independent matrices converges almost surely to the uniform measure on the Riemann sphere.Comment: 8 pages, statement of main theorem slightly improve

    Navigation on a Poisson point process

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    On a locally finite point set, a navigation defines a path through the point set from one point to another. The set of paths leading to a given point defines a tree known as the navigation tree. In this article, we analyze the properties of the navigation tree when the point set is a Poisson point process on Rd\mathbb{R}^d. We examine the local weak convergence of the navigation tree, the asymptotic average of a functional along a path, the shape of the navigation tree and its topological ends. We illustrate our work in the small-world graphs where new results are established.Comment: Published in at http://dx.doi.org/10.1214/07-AAP472 the Annals of Applied Probability (http://www.imstat.org/aap/) by the Institute of Mathematical Statistics (http://www.imstat.org

    Around the circular law

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    These expository notes are centered around the circular law theorem, which states that the empirical spectral distribution of a nxn random matrix with i.i.d. entries of variance 1/n tends to the uniform law on the unit disc of the complex plane as the dimension nn tends to infinity. This phenomenon is the non-Hermitian counterpart of the semi circular limit for Wigner random Hermitian matrices, and the quarter circular limit for Marchenko-Pastur random covariance matrices. We present a proof in a Gaussian case, due to Silverstein, based on a formula by Ginibre, and a proof of the universal case by revisiting the approach of Tao and Vu, based on the Hermitization of Girko, the logarithmic potential, and the control of the small singular values. Beyond the finite variance model, we also consider the case where the entries have heavy tails, by using the objective method of Aldous and Steele borrowed from randomized combinatorial optimization. The limiting law is then no longer the circular law and is related to the Poisson weighted infinite tree. We provide a weak control of the smallest singular value under weak assumptions, using asymptotic geometric analysis tools. We also develop a quaternionic Cauchy-Stieltjes transform borrowed from the Physics literature.Comment: Added: one reference and few comment

    Large deviations of empirical neighborhood distribution in sparse random graphs

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    Consider the Erd\H{o}s-Renyi random graph on n vertices where each edge is present independently with probability c/n, with c>0 fixed. For large n, a typical random graph locally behaves like a Galton-Watson tree with Poisson offspring distribution with mean c. Here, we study large deviations from this typical behavior within the framework of the local weak convergence of finite graph sequences. The associated rate function is expressed in terms of an entropy functional on unimodular measures and takes finite values only at measures supported on trees. We also establish large deviations for other commonly studied random graph ensembles such as the uniform random graph with given number of edges growing linearly with the number of vertices, or the uniform random graph with given degree sequence. To prove our results, we introduce a new configuration model which allows one to sample uniform random graphs with a given neighborhood distribution, provided the latter is supported on trees. We also introduce a new class of unimodular random trees, which generalizes the usual Galton Watson tree with given degree distribution to the case of neighborhoods of arbitrary finite depth. These generalized Galton Watson trees turn out to be useful in the analysis of unimodular random trees and may be considered to be of interest in their own right.Comment: 58 pages, 5 figure
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