3,645 research outputs found

### Complementarity and Scientific Rationality

Bohr's interpretation of quantum mechanics has been criticized as incoherent
and opportunistic, and based on doubtful philosophical premises. If so Bohr's
influence, in the pre-war period of 1927-1939, is the harder to explain, and
the acceptance of his approach to quantum mechanics over de Broglie's had no
reasonable foundation. But Bohr's interpretation changed little from the time
of its first appearance, and stood independent of any philosophical
presuppositions. The principle of complementarity is itself best read as a
conjecture of unusually wide scope, on the nature and future course of
explanations in the sciences (and not only the physical sciences). If it must
be judged a failure today, it is not because of any internal inconsistency.Comment: 29 page

### The electromagnetic self-force on a charged spherical body slowly undergoing a small, temporary displacement from a position of rest

The self-force of classical electrodynamics on a charged "rigid" body of
radius R is evaluated analytically for the body undergoing a slow (i.e., with a
speed v<<c), slight (i.e., small compared to R), and temporary displacement
from an initial position of rest. The results are relevant to the
Bohr-Rosenfeld analysis of the measurability of the electromagnetic field,
which has been the subject of a recent controversy.Comment: REVTeX, 15 pages, 3 figures, accepted by J. Phys.

### Coulomb corrections to superallowed beta decay in nuclei

Corrections to the superallowed beta decay matrix elements are evaluated in
perturbation theory using the notion of the isovector monopole resonance. The
calculation avoids the separation into different contributions and thus
presents a consistent, systematic and more transparent approach. Explicit
expressions for the Coulomb correction as a function of mass number A, are
given.Comment: 10 page

### The Complete KLT-Map Between Gravity and Gauge Theories

We present the complete map of any pair of super Yang-Mills theories to
supergravity theories as dictated by the KLT relations in four dimensions.
Symmetries and the full set of associated vanishing identities are derived. A
graphical method is introduced which simplifies counting of states, and helps
in identifying the relevant set of symmetries.Comment: 41 pages, 16 figures, published version, typos corrected, references
adde

### A simple and surprisingly accurate approach to the chemical bond obtained from dimensional scaling

We present a new dimensional scaling transformation of the Schrodinger
equation for the two electron bond. This yields, for the first time, a good
description of the two electron bond via D-scaling. There also emerges, in the
large-D limit, an intuitively appealing semiclassical picture, akin to a
molecular model proposed by Niels Bohr in 1913. In this limit, the electrons
are confined to specific orbits in the scaled space, yet the uncertainty
principle is maintained because the scaling leaves invariant the
position-momentum commutator. A first-order perturbation correction,
proportional to 1/D, substantially improves the agreement with the exact ground
state potential energy curve. The present treatment is very simple
mathematically, yet provides a strikingly accurate description of the potential
energy curves for the lowest singlet, triplet and excited states of H_2. We
find the modified D-scaling method also gives good results for other molecules.
It can be combined advantageously with Hartree-Fock and other conventional
methods.Comment: 4 pages, 5 figures, to appear in Phys. Rev. Letter

### Transient effects on electron spin observation

In an earlier publication we addressed the problem of splitting an electron beam in the Stern-Gerlach experiment. In contrast to arguments put forward in the early days of quantum theory, we concluded that there are no issues of principle preventing the observation of electron spin during free flight. In that paper, however, we considered only a sudden switch off of the separating magnetic field. In this work we consider the possible effects of finite switching times at the beginning and the end of the interaction period. We consider a model where the coupling between the electron and the field is time dependent. As a result of the time dependence, the field also acquires an electric component, but this seems to cause no significant change of our conclusions. On the other hand, the smooth change of the interaction enforces the same longitudinal velocity on the electron both at the beginning and end of the interaction period because of conservation laws; this effect was missing in our earlier calculations. As the electrons are supposed to travel as a beam, this feature helps by restoring the beam quality after the interaction

### Monodromy and Kawai-Lewellen-Tye Relations for Gravity Amplitudes

We are still learning intriguing new facets of the string theory motivated
Kawai-Lewellen-Tye (KLT) relations linking products of amplitudes in Yang-Mills
theories and amplitudes in gravity. This is very clearly displayed in
computations of N=8 supergravity where the perturbative expansion show a vast
number of similarities to that of N=4 super-Yang-Mills. We will here
investigate how identities based on monodromy relations for Yang-Mills
amplitudes can be very useful for organizing and further streamlining the KLT
relations yielding even more compact results for gravity amplitudes.Comment: 6 pages, 12th Marcel Grossman meeting 200

### String theory and the KLT-relations between gravity and gauge theory including external matter

We consider the Kawai-Lewellen-Tye (KLT) factorizations of gravity scalar-leg
amplitudes into products of scalar-leg Yang-Mills amplitudes. We check and
examine the factorizations at O(1) in $\alpha'$ and extend the analysis by
considering KLT-mapping in the case of generic effective Lagrangians for
Yang-Mills theory and gravity.Comment: 7 pages, ReVTeX4, references updated, changes to text and typos
correcte

### Explicit Cancellation of Triangles in One-loop Gravity Amplitudes

We analyse one-loop graviton amplitudes in the field theory limit of a
genus-one string theory computation. The considered amplitudes can be
dimensionally reduced to lower dimensions preserving maximal supersymmetry. The
particular case of the one-loop five-graviton amplitude is worked out in detail
and explicitly features no triangle contributions. Based on a recursive form of
the one-loop amplitude we investigate the contributions that will occur at
n-point order in relation to the ``no-triangle'' hypothesis of N=8
supergravity. We argue that the origin of unexpected cancellations observed in
gravity scattering amplitudes is linked to general coordinate invariance of the
gravitational action and the summation over all orderings of external legs.
Such cancellations are instrumental in the extraordinary good ultra-violet
behaviour of N=8 supergravity amplitudes and will play a central role in
improving the high-energy behaviour of gravity amplitudes at more than one
loop.Comment: 25 pages. 2 eps pictures, harvmac format. v2: version to appear in
JHEP. Equations (3.9), (3.12) and minor typos correcte

### Absence of Triangles in Maximal Supergravity Amplitudes

From general arguments, we show that one-loop n-point amplitudes in
colourless theories satisfy a new type of reduction formula. These lead to the
existence of cancellations beyond supersymmetry. Using such reduction relations
we prove the no-triangle hypothesis in maximal supergravity by showing that in
four dimensions the n-point graviton amplitude contain only scalar box integral
functions. We also discuss the reduction formulas in the context of gravity
amplitudes with less and no supersymmetry.Comment: 23 pages, RevTeX4 format. v2: Expanded version with a new section
providing some extra background material and an overview of the general
arguments. Minors typos have been corrected. Version to be publishe

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