7,234 research outputs found

    Theory of vortex states in magnetic nanodisks with induced Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions

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    Vortex states in magnetic nanodisks are essentially affected by surface/interface induced Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions. Within a micromagnetic approach we calculate the equilibrium sizes and shape of the vortices as functions of magnetic field, the material and geometrical parameters of nanodisks. It was found that the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya coupling can considerably increase sizes of vortices with "right" chirality and suppress vortices with opposite chirality. This allows to form a bistable system of homochiral vortices as a basic element for storage applications.Comment: 8 pages, 8 figure

    Exchange shift of stripe domains in antiferromagnetically coupled multilayers

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    Antiferromagnetically coupled multilayers with perpendicular anisotropy, as [CoPt]/Ru, Co/Ir, Fe/Au, display ferromagnetic stripe phases as the ground states. It is theoretically shown that the antiferromagnetic interlayer exchange causes a relative shift of domains in adjacent layers. This ``exchange shift'' is responsible for several recently observed effects: an anomalous broadening of domain walls, the formation of so-called ``tiger-tail'' patterns, and a ``mixed state'' of antiferromagnetic and ferromagnetic domains in [CoPt]/Ru multilayers. The derived analitical relations between the values of the shift and the strength of antiferromagnetic coupling provide an effective method for a quantitative determination of the interlayer exchange interactions.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figure

    Skyrmionic textures in chiral magnets

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    In non-centrosymmetric magnets the chiral Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya exchange stabilizes Skyrmion-strings as excitations which may condense into multiply modulated phases. Such extended Skyrmionic textures are determined by the stability of the localized "solitonic" Skyrmion cores and their geometrical incompatibility which frustrates regular space-filling. We present numerically exact solutions for Skyrmion lattices and formulate basic properties of the Skyrmionic states.Comment: Conference information: The International Conference on Magnetism (ICM), Karlsruhe, July 26 - 31, 200

    Internal Time Peculiarities as a Cause of Bifurcations Arising in Classical Trajectory Problem and Quantum Chaos Creation in Three-Body System

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    A new formulation of the theory of quantum mechanical multichannel scattering for three-body collinear systems is proposed. It is shown, that in this simple case the principle of quantum determinism in the general case breaks down and we have a micro-irreversible quantum mechanics. The first principle calculations of the quantum chaos (wave chaos) were pursued on the example of an elementary chemical reaction Li+(FH)->(LiFH)*->(LiF)+H.Comment: 7 pages, 3 figures, accepted for publication in Int. J. of Bifurcation & Chao

    Chiral Skyrmionic matter in non-centrosymmetric magnets

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    Axisymmetric magnetic strings with a fixed sense of rotation and nanometer sizes (chiral magnetic vortices or Skyrmions) have been predicted to exist in a large group of non-centrosymmetric crystals more than two decades ago. Recently these extraordinary magnetic states have been directly observed in thin layers of cubic helimagnet (Fe,Co)Si. In this report we apply our earlier theoretical findings to review main properties of chiral Skyrmions, to elucidate their physical nature, and to analyse these recent experimental results on magnetic-field-driven evolution of Skyrmions and helicoids in chiral helimagnets.Comment: 13 pages, 7 figures, invited talk - JEMS-2010 ( 23-28 August, Krakow, Poland

    Chiral skyrmions in thin magnetic films: new objects for magnetic storage technologies?

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    Axisymmetric magnetic lines of nanometer sizes (chiral vortices or skyrmions) have been predicted to exist in a large group of noncentrosymmetric crystals more than two decades ago. Recently these magnetic textures have been directly observed in nanolayers of cubic helimagnets and monolayers of magnetic metals. We develop a micromagnetic theory of chiral skyrmions in thin magnetic layers for magnetic materials with intrinsic and induced chirality. Such particle-like and stable micromagnetic objects can exist in broad ranges of applied magnetic fields including zero field. Chiral skyrmions can be used as a new type of highly mobile nanoscale data carriers